Breast Surgeries

Fibroadenoma

A fibroadenoma is a solid, non-cancerous breast tumour that occur most among girls in their teens girls and women under the age of 30.
There are many names for this benign breast condition, including aggregate adenosis, tumoural adenosis, or adenosis tumour. Even though some of these terms contain the term tumour, adenosis is not breast cancer.

Types of fibroadenoma:

* Simple fibroadenoma

These are about 1 to 3 cm in size and do not increase the risk of developing breast cancer.

* Comples fibroadenoma

The cells of complex fibroadenomahave different features and can very slightly increase the risk of breast cancer in the near future.

* Giant or juvenile fibroadenoma

Giant fibroadenomas can grow more than 5cms. Juvenile fibroadenomas are those that occur in adolescent girls.

Symptoms

The presence of a lump in the breast which is:
* Rubbery in texture,
* Moves easily under the skin.
* Round with distinct borders
* Usually painless, they may feel painful, just before a period.

They can sometimes be more than one fibroadenomas in the breast.
See a doctor if you detect a new breast lump or a change in your breasts or if an existing lump grows larger and more painful.

Causes

While the causes are not known, the development of fibroadenomas may be related to reproductive hormones. They may occur more often during reproductive years, may become bigger during pregnancy or use of hormone therapy, and may shrink after menopause.

Treatment

* Monitoring to detect changes in the size or feel of the fibroadenoma,
* A biopsy to evaluate the lump
* Surgery to remove it.

Expect  2 days of hospital stay in the case of a biopsy, and up to 4 days if the biopsy is malignant.

Breast augmentation, reconstruction or reduction

Breast augmentation is a surgical technique that uses breast implants or fat to:
* Increase the size of the breasts
* Restore breast volume or shape
* Improve the symmetry between breasts

Breast augmentation can’t correct severely drooping breasts. In this case a breast lift may be required along with a breast augmentation to make sagging breasts look fuller and lifted.

Breast reconstruction

This is when breast implants are also used for after a mastectomy or injury,

Breast reduction

Large, heavy breasts can cause:
* Back and neck pain, skin irritation, posture problems and even difficulty while breathing
* Limit participation is sports or other activities. Some activities may be painful or awkward for women with large breasts
* an alteration in appearance affecting self confidence or causing embarrassment

Breast reduction surgery is done to change the size, weight, firmness, and shape of the breasts.

The surgery removes some of the tissue and skin from the breasts to reshape and reduce their. It can also make the area of dark skin surrounding the areola smaller.
Sometimes liposuction is used along with surgery. Liposuction alone may be enough for breast reduction If most of the breast is fatty tissue and if excess skin isn’t a problem,

Breast reduction surgery is done under general anaesthesia and takes 3 to 5 hours. An overnight stay is not usually required. For smaller reductions, the surgery may be done using local anaesthesia. A hospital stay for 2 days is generally considered.