Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is done to evaluate the quality of the semen and the amount of sperms in it. It is mostly done for the evaluation of fertility. Infertility affects a significant percentage of couples and can be quite frustrating and heartbreaking. To know the exact cause of infertility, various tests are done and semen analysis is one such test which is done for evaluation of male fertility. A semen analysis is also done to check the success of vasectomy.

Preparing for the test:

Your doctor will let you know the exact guidelines to be followed before opting for semen analysis. However, some general rules to be followed are:

  • Avoiding ejaculation up to 72 hours before the test.
  • Avoiding the consumption of alcohol, caffeine and drugs
  • Avoiding hormone medications or supplements.

The sample can be obtained either through masturbation or by having sex with a condom or collecting semen by withdrawing during sex before ejaculation. Of these methods, masturbation is considered the preferred way to obtain a clean sample. The sample should be delivered to the testing facility within an hour of ejaculation. The results can take anywhere between an hour to a week.

Parameters evaluated:

Depending on the necessities, one or more of the following parameters are evaluated through a semen analysis:

  • Sperm count: also known as sperm density, it is one of the most commonly tested parameters as low sperm count is one of the leading causes of infertility in men. The normal sperm count in a semen analysis should be between 20 to 200 million. A lower sperm count may be the reason for infertility.
  • Volume: semen volume is also an important parameter which is evaluated during a semen analysis. Semen volume of less than 2ml may indicate a lesser number of sperm and excessive volume may indicate diluted sperm. Either of these can make conception difficult.
  • pH: a semen analysis also measures the pH value of the semen sample. Normal pH values range from 7.2 to 7.8 and higher values may indicate an infection while lower levels may indicate a blockage in the ducts. Either of these factors can lead to infertility.
  • Shape: the test also evaluates the percentage of normally shaped sperm. If a man has more than 50 percent of abnormally shaped sperm it may cause difficulty in conceiving. The abnormalities in the structure of the sperm can be identified through the test.
  • Motility: it is another major factor which causes infertility in many cases. Normally, at least 50 percent of the total sperm must move after ejaculation. Lower movement may lead to infertility as the sperm may not be able to travel and reach the egg for fertilisation.
  • Liquefaction: Normally, it should take about 15 to 30 minutes for the sperm to liquify. It is important as liquefaction helps in the movement of the sperm. If the sperm does not liquefy quickly, it may lead to infertility.

Motherhood is one of the leading chains of maternity, childcare and fertility hospitals in the country. Our multi-disciplinary team of highly qualified and experienced specialists includes obstetricians, neonatologists, embryologists, gynaecologists, counsellors, paediatricians, etc. At Motherhood, we strive to provide all our patients with global standards of treatment and care.


Patient Story

“After lot of struggles I heard a sweet news and good news in the month of June ie., my wife, my love said that she is concived. I felt happy that cannot explain with words.

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Journey Of Little Princess

“Having a doctor like you is something that nearly everyone wants, but many get to experience. Doctors are always busy and, in a hurry, but whenever we visit you, you give your sincere and undivided

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Dr.Geetha Nagarajuna

In the hospital everyone is very nice and caring. They maintain a good atmosphere for the patients . I am very thankful to all the staff for making the environment so friendly. Especially I would

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Mrs. Nimita Prasad

After coming to this hospital I have found my happiness. I consulted many hospitals and I have not conceived in any of the hospitals, but now I am 3 months pregnant from IUI being done

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Shwetha B R

Visiting Motherhood was a best experience, it has the good environment. The doctor in this hospital is very good and staffs are also good. Dr. Sunil Eshwar is one of the expertized doctor and his

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I am Dr. Swapna and my husband name is Venkat its been 10years of married life we have no kids and we visited Dr. sunil sir for IVF Treatment and sir explained us treatment procedures

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Dr. Swapna Sri. K

Hi, I am Sowmya, I am feeling very happy after consulting Dr. Smrithi. I have conceived. I had lost all the hope of conceiving as I am a Thyroid patient. Dr. Smrithi’s advises made me

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Ms. Soumya

Its been a long journey since we get to know we are going to be parents and at the same time we had a sense of concern about choosing a Gynaec & a good Hospital.

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Mr. & Mrs. Raut

The ANC classes provided by Dr. Kritika (Physiotherapist) in Motherhood Hospital are really good.The classes helps you in staying active, fit & soothes the pregnancy related pains. The doctor is also very nice and interactive,

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Mrs. Kanika Lohani

I was both happy and worried when I got pregnant. The test came positive and added a hundred doubts. One thing I decided was to find a good hospital and stick to it throughout the pregnancy.

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Mr & Mrs. Amaraja Naik
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