Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is done to evaluate the quality of the semen and the sperm contained in it. It is mostly done for the evaluation of fertility. Infertility affects a significant percentage of couples and can be quite frustrating and heartbreaking. To know the exact cause of infertility, various tests are done and semen analysis is one such test which is done for evaluation of male fertility. A semen analysis is also done to check the success of vasectomy.

Preparing for the test:

Your doctor will let you know the exact guidelines to be followed before opting for semen analysis. However, some general rules to be followed are:

  • Avoiding ejaculation up to 72 hours before the test
  • Avoiding the consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and drugs
  • Avoiding hormone medications or supplements

The sample can be obtained either through masturbation or by having sex with a condom or collecting semen by withdrawing during sex before ejaculation. Of these methods, masturbation is considered the preferred way to obtain a clean sample. The sample should be delivered to the testing facility within an hour of ejaculation. The results can take anywhere between an hour to a week.

Parameters evaluated:

Depending on the necessities, one or more of the following parameters are evaluated through a semen analysis:

    • Sperm count: also known as sperm density, it is one of the most commonly tested parameters, as low sperm count is one of the leading causes of infertility in men. The normal sperm count in a semen analysis should be between 20 to 200 million. A lower sperm count may be the reason for infertility.
    • Volume: semen volume is also an important parameter which is evaluated during a semen analysis. Semen volume of less than 2ml may indicate a lesser number of sperm and excessive volume may indicate diluted sperm. Either of these can make conception difficult.
    • pH: a semen analysis also measures the pH value of the semen sample. Normal pH values range from 7.2 to 7.8 and higher values may indicate an infection while lower levels may indicate a blockage in the ducts. Either of these factors can lead to infertility.
    • Shape: the test also evaluates the percentage of normally shaped sperm. If a man has more than 50 percent of abnormally shaped sperm, it may cause difficulty in conceiving. The abnormalities in the structure of the sperm can be identified through the test.
    • Motility: it is another major factor which causes infertility in many cases. Normally, at least 50 percent of the total sperm must move after ejaculation. Lower movement may lead to infertility as the sperm may not be able to travel and reach the egg for fertilization.
    • Liquefaction: normally, it should take about 15 to 30 minutes for the sperm to liquify. It is important as liquefaction helps in the movement of the sperm. If the sperm does not liquefy quickly, it may lead to infertility.

Motherhood is one of the leading chains of maternity, childcare, and fertility hospitals in the country. Our multi-disciplinary team of highly qualified and experienced specialists includes obstetricians, neonatologists, embryologists, gynaecologists, counsellors, paediatricians, etc. At Motherhood, we strive to provide all of our patients with global standards of treatment and care.


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The hospital is good, thanks to Dr. Sunil Eashwar sir for helping us to make our dream come true with his excellent advice and on time treatment. Motherhood has helped me embrace a journey to

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Sunil Eashwar is very nice and friendly doctor. Me and my husband wanted a child for 8 years. With the doctor’s guidance, I conceived in 6 months. I am very thankful to Miss Noor for

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I am Syed Sidra. We had come to Motherhood, Indiranagar from Tukur. I delivered a baby girl but after 4 days, the baby developed chest infection. Few of my relatives told me about this hospital

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We just want to thank Dr Madhav Reddy for her great support. She was very caring and supporting for normal delivery. We got our little one through normal delivery without any issues.

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I was very much blessed and pleased with my experience with Dr Regina, an obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospitals. The doctor responded to all of our queries. Our family is delighted. I would like

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Uma Kamal

The hospital has well-experienced doctors and expert gynaecologists and paediatricians. The staff professionalism is exhibited in their duty with compassionate care towards the patient. I would like to share an experience with Dr Aarthi Bharath.

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The doctors are very friendly. The hospital facilities are good and the staff is helpful and took good care of me. I have recovered and feel healthy now. The nurses took care of me. Thank

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My due date was 3rd April and my husband had made arrangements in Motherhood- HRBR, as we had a good experience during our earlier visit for my mother’s surgery. On 9th March 8pm, we were

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I am Mrs Kavitha Sathyavelu living in Bangalore, Banaswadi. I had a great experience @ Motherhood Hospital. On my first delivery we had a good support from all the staff and doctors who had supported

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