Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is also called as pelvic infection and is described as an infection of the female reproductive organs which includes fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the cervix, and the uterus. It can be extremely dangerous and life-threatening, if the infection spreads to the blood.
What are Causes and Risk Factors of PID?
It is caused by many types of bacteria but the most common ones are gonorrhea or chlamydia. They are usually acquired during unprotected sex. The risk factors of pelvic inflammatory disease include:
- Being a sexually active woman younger than 25 years old
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Having sex without the condom
- Douching regularly
- Having a history of PID
What are the symptoms of PID?
- Pain in lower abdomen and pelvis
- Heavy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
- Abnormal uterine bleeding, during or after intercourse or between menstrual cycles.
- Painful urination
What is Diagnosis and Treatment of PID?
PID can be detected by a pelvic exam, an analysis of vaginal discharge and cervical cultures, or urine tests. Its confirmation test is done by blood and urine tests, ultrasound, and laparoscopy.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease can be treated by a combination of antibiotics. It requires surgery if an abscess in pelvis ruptures or doctor suspects that an abscess will rupture. Avoid sexual intercourse until treatment is completed.
How can I take care of myself?
It will take 2-3 days in feeling better after starting the treatment. Avoid sex until doctor tells you it is ok. Rest and take prescribed medicines on time.
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