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Understanding the Impact of Flu on Children's Health: Symptoms, Risks, and Prevention Strategies

Child health during flu season
Understanding the Impact of Flu on Children’s Health: Symptoms, Risks, and Prevention Strategies

Author: Dr.Amit Gupta MBBS, MD, KGMC, PGPN
Consultant:  Peadiatrician & Neonatologist at Motherhood Hospital, Noida

The flu, short for influenza, is a contagious viral infection that can affect people of all ages, including children. As a pediatrician at Motherhood Hospital, I have witnessed the impact of flu on children's health, and it is essential for parents to be aware of the symptoms, risks, and effective prevention strategies to safeguard their little ones from this seasonal menace.

Symptoms of Flu in Children 

Recognizing the signs of flu in children is crucial for timely intervention and treatment. Common symptoms include:

High Fever: Children may experience a sudden and high-grade fever, often reaching 101°F (38.3°C) or higher.

Cough and Sore Throat: A persistent cough and sore throat are typical flu symptoms in children.

Runny or Stuffy Nose: Children may have a runny or congested nose during the course of the infection.

Body Aches and Fatigue: Flu often leads to generalized body aches and weakness, making children feel tired and sluggish.

Chills and Headaches: Children may experience chills and headaches, adding to their discomfort.

Risks Associated with Flu in Children 

Risks of flu for childrenWhile flu is generally a mild illness in healthy children, certain groups face a higher risk of complications. These include:

Infants and Young Children: Children under the age of 5, especially those under 2 years old, are more susceptible to flu-related complications.

Children with Chronic Conditions: Kids with underlying health conditions like asthma, heart disease, diabetes, or weakened immune systems have a higher risk of severe flu outcomes.

Pregnant Adolescents: Teenagers who are pregnant are also at an increased risk of flu-related complications.

Prevention Strategies 

Preventing flu in children is possible through several effective strategies. Here are some essential prevention tips: 

Annual Flu Vaccination: The flu vaccine is recommended for all children above the age of 6 months. It offers significant protection and reduces the severity of the illness if children do get infected.

Frequent Handwashing: Encourage children to wash their hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds to prevent the spread of germs.

Respiratory Hygiene: Teach children to cover their mouths and noses with a tissue or their elbows when they cough or sneeze.

Avoiding Contact with Sick Individuals: Limit exposure to individuals who have flu-like symptoms to reduce the risk of transmission.

Disinfecting Surfaces: Regularly clean and disinfect commonly touched surfaces and objects, such as toys and doorknobs.


As parents, it is essential to stay informed about the impact of flu on children's health and take proactive steps to safeguard them from the virus. By recognizing the symptoms, understanding the risks, and implementing effective prevention strategies, we can create a healthier environment for our children and protect them during flu season. If your child exhibits flu-like symptoms or falls into a high-risk category, consult a pediatrician promptly to ensure timely care and management of the illness.

Remember, a proactive approach and adequate information are the keys to protect our little ones from the flu and promote their overall well-being. Stay vigilant and keep your children healthy and happy throughout the flu season.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Paediatricians in Noida that consists of a team of paediatric specialists that cater to all the needs of children, across age groups, and provide the best care for your child’s development. 

Do take an appointment with the best child care hospital in Noida at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Amit Gupta, please book your appointment here.

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