GDM

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) or simply gestational diabetes is a condition in which pregnant women develop high blood sugar. In gestational diabetes, women have normal blood sugar levels before pregnancy but the blood glucose levels rise during pregnancy (usually between 24th and 28th week). The blood sugar levels usually go down to normal after the birth of the baby.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are often very mild and hence hard to notice.Some of the most common symptoms of GDM are:

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased appetite

Causes and risk factors:

Though the exact cause of gestational diabetes is not known, most experts believe it is linked to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the body produces a larger number of hormones like human placental lactogen (hPL) and other hormones which create insulin resistance. Though these hormones are very important for pregnancy, these make the body insulin resistant leading to an increase in the blood sugar levels.

Women with the following risk factors are more likely to develop GDM:

  • High blood pressure
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Women who are overweight during or just before pregnancy
  • Past history of gestational diabetes
  • Have conditions associated with insulin resistance like PCOS etc.

Diagnosis:

To diagnose the condition, doctors screen the patient and monitor the blood sugar levels, especially in between weeks 24 and 28. For diagnosis of GBD, the doctor may perform a one-step or a two-step test which will require you to consume a certain concentration of glucose solution or carbohydrate and your blood sugar levels will be measured an hour or two later. If the test is a two-step test, a follow-up blood test is done on a different day.

Treatment:

The treatment depends on the blood sugar levels found during the tests. If you are diagnosed with GDM, the doctor will ask you to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, especially before and after meals. The doctor may also ask you to follow a specific diet and follow an exercise regime. Diet and exercise have a great impact on controlling blood sugar levels.

In some cases, the doctor may also ask you to take medications and insulin injections until birth to keep the blood sugar levels in control.

Complications:

Women who have gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes later in life. If gestational diabetes is poorly managed, it also poses some health risks for the baby like:

  • Increased birth weight
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Breathing problems
  • Higher risk of developing diabetes later in life

Though gestational diabetes cannot be prevented in all the cases, the risk of developing it can be significantly reduced. Maintaining normal body weight, eating a well-balanced and healthy diet and staying physically active can help in preventing gestational diabetes to a significant extent. Staying physically active and performing very light exercises like walking during pregnancy can also reduce the risk of developing GDM.

Motherhood Hospitals is one of the best pregnancy care hospitals offering comprehensive care for you and your baby. Our extremely qualified and experienced doctors coupled with state-of-the-art technologies aim to provide you with the best possible treatment and care to make your pregnancy as smooth and hassle-free as possible. Our doctors are highly qualified and years of experience in handling problems like gestational diabetes. From counselling to postnatal care, Motherhood is a one-stop solution to all your pregnancy needs.

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Patient Story

The hospital is good, thanks to Dr. Sunil Eashwar sir for helping us to make our dream come true with his excellent advice and on time treatment. Motherhood has helped me embrace a journey to become a mother. Thanks to all the staff.

Vanitha K

Dr. Sunil Eashwar is a very good doctor. I’m happy to be guided by doctor and such a professionalist. I feel he is the best doctor. Firstly, I met Dr. Eshwar and he told me to get HSG test. I got to know that my fallopian tubes were blocked. Later, I underwent laproscopic hystonomy and […]

Mrs. Manasa

Sunil Eashwar is very nice and friendly doctor. Me and my husband wanted a child for 8 years. With the doctor’s guidance, I conceived in 6 months. I am very thankful to Miss Noor for her help. Thankyou Motherhood Hospital.

Mrs. Anitha Murali

I am Syed Sidra. We had come to Motherhood, Indiranagar from Tukur. I delivered a baby girl but after 4 days, the baby developed chest infection. Few of my relatives told me about this hospital and so we got my baby to Motherhood. On the way, baby’s condition became worse. It was then Dr Ankur […]

Syeda Sidra

We just want to thank Dr Madhav Reddy for her great support. She was very caring and supporting for normal delivery. We got our little one through normal delivery without any issues.

Indrani Singh

I was very much blessed and pleased with my experience with Dr Regina, an obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospitals. The doctor responded to all of our queries. Our family is delighted. I would like to tell this to other mothers. On behalf of my newly born little champion and my family, I salute and […]

Uma Kamal

The hospital has well-experienced doctors and expert gynaecologists and paediatricians. The staff professionalism is exhibited in their duty with compassionate care towards the patient. I would like to share an experience with Dr Aarthi Bharath. I am very happy with Dr Aarthi mam as she is one of the excellent doctors. I have been consulting […]

Shashirekha

The doctors are very friendly. The hospital facilities are good and the staff is helpful and took good care of me. I have recovered and feel healthy now. The nurses took care of me. Thank You doctors, nurses and hospital staff for taking care of me.

Ananya Banerjee

My due date was 3rd April and my husband had made arrangements in Motherhood- HRBR, as we had a good experience during our earlier visit for my mother’s surgery. On 9th March 8pm, we were informed that an emergency delivery would be needed. My husband contacted Ms Rama from Motherhood, who scheduled the delivery for […]

Nishi Ravi

I am Mrs Kavitha Sathyavelu living in Bangalore, Banaswadi. I had a great experience @ Motherhood Hospital. On my first delivery we had a good support from all the staff and doctors who had supported in all ways. Specially this hospital was referred by Dr Merlin. I thank to Dr Merlin who made my dream […]

Mrs Kavitha
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