Vacuum Assisted Delivery Detail

Assisted delivery is one where vaginal delivery is performed with the help of an external device. Also called as instrumental birth, assisted birth is required when your baby needs help to be born, and this is done with the help of a soft cup and a vacuum pump.

Who needs assisted delivery and why?

The gynecologist may suggest an assisted delivery only when the necessity arises for the mother and the baby. Vacuum extraction is considered when the cervix is fully dilated, the membranes have ruptured,and the baby has descended head first into the birth canal, but the mother is unable to push the baby out. Why assisted delivery? Assisted delivery occurs in about 1 in 8 births and is opted for because:

  • The mother is too exhausted and is unable to push
  • Awkward positioning of the baby
  • The baby’s heart rate becomes a concern

What happens during vacuum or ventouse delivery?

Usually, a local anaesthetic is given before the procedure to numb the vagina and the skin around it. A cut may also be required to increase the size of the vaginal opening which is later repaired with stitches. The vacuum extractor or ventouse is an instrument which consists of a cup which is attached to a suction device with the help of a tube. This cup is attached and fits firmly onto the baby’s head by suction. During a contraction and with the help of the mother’s pushing, the obstetrician pulls to help deliver the baby.

Will my baby be safe?

Although a safe medical procedure, there are a few risks one must be aware of:

  • The cup can leave a mark on the baby’s head which usually disappears in 48 hours.
  • A rare case, a vacuum delivery may cause bruising on the head which can increase jaundice slightly for the first few days.
  • Assisted delivery may rarely also leave small cuts on the scalp which heal naturally and quickly.

Are there any other risks associated with vacuum delivery?

Vacuum delivery is a tested and safe procedure, but one must be aware of the possible risks:

  • It could cause vaginal tearing that will need repairing and although rare, can result in a third or fourth-degree vaginal tear.
  • This type of delivery increases the chances of blood clots forming in the legs and pelvic area. Hence, it is recommended that you move around enough o avoid clotting.
  • Urinary incontinence is a possibility after childbirth,and the chances of this increase if you have had assisted delivery. Physiotherapy is recommended to help prevent this by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles.

Why Motherhood?

With the best facilities, experienced obstetricians and gynecologists who have performed hundreds of successful deliveries, you can rest assures that the mother and child are both in safe hands. AT Motherhood, we have obstetricians who have specialized in Vacuum Assisted Delivery who will ensure no harm is caused to you or your baby and our team of pediatricians will be present to make sure all is fine with your baby after the delivery.


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Visual Tour of Our Facility

at Motherhood India Hospitals


State-of-the-art operation theatres, manned by a team of experienced technicians, nurses, anaesthesiologist and leading surgeons.

Our Labour, Delivery and Recovery (LDR) rooms are designed to ensure the comforts of home but they’re also well-equipped with all the medical technology essential to ensure a safe delivery.


Executive / Suite Rooms: International standard suite rooms for expecting mothers and their families. These suite rooms are designed to offer best-in-class facilities for mother and child.



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