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5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits  

Healthy Pregnancy Diet
5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits  

Author -Dr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology

5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits 


During pregnancy, the mother must provide nutrition to herself and the baby. Hence, the nutritional requirements are higher during pregnancy. Out of which, certain vitamins are crucial for the overall development of the baby. According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology taking prenatal vitamins and eating healthy foods can help you get all the nutrients for you and the baby. The best gynecologist in sector 57 creates a treatment plan that has a balance of both prenatal vitamins and foods to give you the required nourishment. 

5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits 

Prenatal vitamins are multivitamins specifically crucial for pregnant women. Compared to regular multivitamins, these have more nutrients that meet the requirements during pregnancy. The gynecologist in Gurgaon recommends the following vitamins during pregnancy: 

1. Folic Acid 

Folic acid is vitamin B that is required for the healthy growth and development of the body. Consumption of folic acid before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects including spina bifida. During pregnancy 600 mcg of folic acid is recommended. Do not, however, self-administer and consult a gynecologist in Gurgaon for supplements. 

 2. Iron 

Iron is another crucial element that is required to make hemoglobin in the body. Due to excess requirement, iron is needed twice as much during pregnancy than before pregnancy. During pregnancy, you need at least 27 milligrams of iron each day. Apart from this, you can also get iron from food sources. In addition to iron, vitamin C is also required as it increases the absorption of iron in the body.  

3. Calcium 

Calcium is another important mineral that helps in developing a baby’s bones, teeth, heart, nerves, and muscles. The best gynecologist in sector 57 recommends 1000 milligrams of calcium each day. You can meet this requirement by taking prenatal vitamins as well as food sources including dairy, broccoli, and so forth. 

4. Vitamin D 

Vitamin D is also a crucial vitamin as it helps your body to absorb calcium. Moreover, it also helps in the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, immune system, and helps in the growth of teeth and bones. During pregnancy, at least 600 IU (international units) of vitamin D are required daily. You can take the prenatal supplement as prescribed by the best gynecologist in sector 57 and include rich sources of the vitamin in your diet.  

5. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) 

Docosahexaenoic acid also known as omega-3 fatty acid is crucial for the overall growth and development of the baby. During pregnancy, you need DHA for the development of the brain and eyes of the baby. It is also important to note here that all prenatal vitamins might not contain DHA, hence it is best to discuss this with your gynecologist in Gurgaon.  

6. Other Nutrients  

Apart from the above, the other nutrients required for pregnancy are the following: 

1. Iodine 

During pregnancy, iodine is required for the development of the baby’s nervous system. You require at least 220 mcg of iodine every day during pregnancy. Apart from this, you can include iodine-rich sources of food in your diet. 

2. Protein 

 Protein is another important nutrient for the proper growth and development of baby’s tissues and organs. It is also required for increasing blood supply. Focus on completing at least 70 to 100 g of protein per day. 

As much as prenatal vitamins are important during pregnancy, a healthy and balanced diet cannot be sidelined. Make sure that you are eating a nutritious diet and limiting processed food. The best way to ensure this is by getting yourself checked and creating a customized plan with Dr Preety Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

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