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Conjunctivitis: Types, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Conjunctivitis: Types, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Author: Dr. Sunny Narula  MBBS, MD
Consultant: Paediatrician and Neonatologist at Motherhood Hospital Mohali

Conjunctivitis, eye flu or pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a transparent membrane covering the eyelid and a part of the eye. Usually, eye flu is caused in the monsoon season by viruses, bacteria, allergies, or other irritants. According to Dr Sunny Narula, MBBS, MD, Consultant- Paediatrician and Neonatologist, eye flu is very common in children during the monsoon. Moreover, in the past few weeks, there has also been a spike in the eye flu cases. Hence, you must take necessary precautions to prevent this from spreading. If you notice any symptoms, visit the best pediatricians in Chandigarh for consultation at the earliest. 

What are the Symptoms of Eye Flu? 

 The most common symptom of eye flu is redness or inflammation of the eye. Other symptoms include: 

  1. Itching or burning sensation in the eye. 
  2. Watering of the eyes.
  3. Sensitivity to light. 
  4. Discharge from eyes. 
  5. Sticking of eyelids together. 

What are the Types of Conjunctivitis? 

The best child specialist doctor in Mohali tells us that there are 3 main types of conjunctivitis: 

1.Viral Conjunctivitis 

This type is caused by a viral infection including cold or flu. It is highly contagious and lasts up to 2 weeks. 

2.Bacterial Conjunctivitis 

This type is caused by a bacterial infection. Bacterial conjunctivitis can also cause yellowish-green discharge from the eye. 

3.Allergic Conjunctivitis 

This type is caused by allergens including pollen or pet dander. It can occur any time of the year and is usually less contagious.  

How to Prevent Conjunctivitis? 

Conjunctivitis can be prevented by taking the following measures: 

  1. Wash your hands frequently, especially before touching your eyes. 
  2. Avoid sharing pillows, towels, or other personal items. 
  3. Avoid touching your eyes with your hands. 
  4. Practice good hygiene, especially during cold or flu season. 
  5. Use protective eyewear when swimming or doing any activity with the potential risk of eye exposure.  

How to Treat Conjunctivitis? 

If you suspect eye flu, the best paediatrician in Mohali recommends the following at-home care tips: 

1.Practice Good Hand Hygiene

The hands of your children can be a potential carrier of viruses or bacteria. Inculcate good hand hygiene habits in them. Wash their hands frequently. Avoid sharing towels, eye drops, or any other item that can spread infection. 

2.Warm or Cold Compress: 

Apply a clean, warm compress or ice packs to closed eyes as it helps in soothing eyes and reducing swelling. You can use a soft, lint-free cloth soaked in warm water and place it gently over the closed eyelids for a few minutes. Repeat as needed throughout the day. 

3.Clean Eyeglasses: 

If your child wears glasses, make sure to clean them with mild soap and water to remove any potential contamination. 

4.Artificial Tears: 

Over-the-counter lubricating eye drops called artificial teas in general can keep eyes moist and prevent irritation. Discuss this with your pediatrician and do not self-medicate. 

5.Avoid Eye Touching or Rubbing: 

Children can be easily frustrated with the constant eye irritation. They might find comfort in rubbing their eyes. This, however, can further irritate the conjunctiva and spread the infection to the other eye or other people around. Hence, make sure that your child does not touch the infected eye at all. 

Keep in mind to not self-medicate or take any eye drops without visiting the best paediatrician in Chandigarh for consultation. The pediatrician will examine the eyes for the type of injection and prescribe medication accordingly. If you wish to visit a pediatrician, you can consult Dr Sunny Narula at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Paediatricians in Mohali that consists of a team of paediatric specialists that cater to all the needs of children, across age groups, and provide the best care for your child’s development.

Do take an appointment with the best child care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr.Sunny Narula, please book your appointment here.

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