FAQsQ1. Just married! Whom to ask all questions related to pregnancy?
After marriage, most couples get confused with the prospect of pregnancy – either to avoid getting pregnant or planning for pregnancy.A gynecologist is the best help in this regard. A gynecologist specializes in health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts in addition to taking care of overall women’s health.Q2. What is right age for pregnancy?
Fertility naturally declines with age. However, there’s no “best age” to get pregnant. The decision of having a baby should be based on multiple factors – including your age and your readiness to be a parent. Women are most fertile and have the best chance of getting pregnant in their 20s. Fertility gradually begins to decline at around age 32. After age 35, that decline speeds up. There’s a steep decline in a woman’s ability to get pregnant naturally in her 40s. Most women in their 40s can still have a healthy pregnancy and baby, but the risks increase significantly during this time.Q3.Career achievement or biological clock ticking! What should I do?
The biological clock is a fact of life, and so is the need of career achievement. To fulfill both, the most important aspect is achieving a balance. And there is no perfect time for getting pregnant, it’s a personal choice and is based on time suitable for the individual. However, there are disadvantages to waiting to have children. Any decision must be weighed against the decline in a woman’s fertility with age, starting in her early 30s and accelerating after 35, while the risk of complications during pregnancy is higher for older mothers.Q4. Are there any complications in pregnancy after 30 ?
So many women are delaying pregnancy well into their 30s and beyond, and delivering healthy babies. However, having a baby later in life can increase the risk for pregnancy complications. The probable risks include: It might take longer to get pregnant; you’re more likely to have a multiple pregnancy; development of gestational diabetes; high blood pressure during pregnancy; low birth weight of babyand/or premature birth; higher pregnancy loss risk; and higher risk of certain chromosome problems, such as Down syndrome.Q5. Do birth control pills affect my pregnancy chances?
Birth control pills have no negative impact on fertility. Myths about birth control pills causing infertility have its roots in some women experiencing a delay in resuming ovulation and menses following prolonged use of birth control pills.Long-term users of oral contraceptivesexperience a temporary delay in fertility. However, birth control pills cannot stop chances of futurepregnancy.Q6. What lifestyle, nutrition,fitness regime to prevent fertility issues in future?
Whether you’re planning pregnancy or already been trying, it’s always a good idea to evaluate your lifestyle choices. Ahealthy lifestyle can improve your overall well-being and prevent fertility issues in future. Some of the important habits which may promote fertility in both you and your partner include:
Quitsmoking:It tends to reduce sperm count in men and ages the ovaries and decreases supply of eggs in case of women.
Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity affects male and female fertility in many ways.
Reduce your alcohol consumption: Frequent drinking can lower testosterone levels, reduce sperm count and cause erectile dysfunction in men, while frequent drinking is linked to ovulation disorders in women.
Practice safe sex: Unprotected sex, especially with multiple partners, increases the chances of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD), leading to low sperm count, poor sperm movement and sperm DNA fragmentation in men, andcan permanently damage fallopian tubes and uterus in women.Q7. I have PCOD and I want to have a baby, what do I need to know?
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal condition in women. Women who have PCOS may struggle to get pregnant and are more likely to develop complications during pregnancy.
Women with PCOS also have an underproduction of oestrogen (female hormones) and an overproduction of androgens (male hormones). This causes tiny cysts on the surface of the ovaries, obstructing getting pregnant. High levels of androgens interfere in ovulation, the process of the development and release of eggs.
However, women with PCOS can have healthy pregnancies by managing the symptoms and availing proper fertility treatment.Q8. Few tips to increase chance of pregnancy.
Before trying to get pregnant, you should try to be as healthy as possible. For a 30-year-old healthy woman, there is only a 20 percent chance of getting pregnant each month. Therefore, it’s important to remember that getting pregnant can take time.
Make sure that you’re having sex at the fertile window of around seven days of your cycle. This is the duration when you ovulate, around two weeks before your period.
Ovulation predictor kits help detect luteinizing hormone (LH), which surges right before ovulation. Once you get a positive result, you should have sex that day and for the next few days.
For women with PCOS who are overweight or obese, a modest weight loss sometimes results in more regular ovulation, which increases the chance of pregnancy. For those who know they ovulate, having sex during the fertile window boosts the chance of conception.
To get the right kind of advice and support, women planning to get pregnant should have a preconception health check with their GP.Q9. Will taking hot shower bath affect my husband sperm count?
No, taking a hot shower will not affect his sperm count, but lying down in a tub of hot water for around 10 minutes, will. Similarly if you are trying to get pregnant, your husband should avoid using the sauna or steam bath.
Remember, if he uses the steam bath now, his sperm count will affected adversely for around three months after that. It takes sperm 10 to 11 weeks to be produced, so bear that in mind. Also, tell your husband to switch to cool and loose boxers instead of wearing tight underwear. He should also avoid wearing biker shorts for at least two months prior to when you plan to conceive.Q 10. I am having irregular periods is it normal? Will it affect my pregnancy in future?
Those with irregular periods should see a gynaecologist or fertility specialist before trying to conceive. He/she will check you with a physical exam and a few blood tests. Depending on the findings, your gynaecologist might suggest different options for trying to conceive, ranging from fertility treatment to medications.
Your doctor may also try treating underlying medical conditions that cause irregular periods. For example, using an ovulation calculator for irregular periods may be helpful; these detect the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs shortly before ovulation. Monitoring basal body temperature and cervical mucus changes might also work. The most important thing, though, is having regular unprotected sexual intercourse.Q11. Can I get pregnant with hypothyroidism?
If you have hypothyroidism and you want to get pregnant soon, it is imperative that you seek medical help immediately. You should get the condition treated or keep it in control before you conceive. The reason being that your unborn baby’s thyroid gland will start to function only after the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Till then, the baby will depend on you for thyroid hormone. So it is essential to have your thyroid functioning properly and thyroid hormone levels stable before attempting to conceive.Q12.what is difference between obstetrician and gynaecologist?
Obstetrician: Focuses on all aspects of pregnancy, post-natal/post-partum care and delivery. These doctors often support other areas of female reproduction, from fertility treatments to foetal diagnostic procedures to lending guidance to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Obstetricians deliver babies via vaginal birth and Caesarean (surgical) section.
Gynaecologist:Specializes in caring for women’s reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. A gynaecologist performs pap smears, treats conditions like uterine or vaginal infections and fertility problems, and performs tubal ligations and hysterectomies.Q13. How pregnancy tests work? When is the best time to take a pregnancy test?
HCG is known as the pregnancy hormone, because it is produced by the cells that form the placenta and provide nourishment to the growing embryo. HCG can be present in the blood and urine around 10 to 14 days after conception. Home pregnancy test kit measures presence of HCG level in urine.
For the most accurate results, we recommend that women test in the morning on the day they expect their period to start.