Motherhood: 3 important tips to prevent diabetes in pregnancy

The period of pregnancy is a time of great care to control the health of the mother and the baby. A care that deserves attention is the prevention of gestational diabetes, a very common condition, but that deserves attention.

Gestational diabetes causes a spike in blood sugar in the mother, and this can lead to serious health complications such as high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, premature birth, caesarean section, having a baby that is too big (macrosomia) or too small (fetal growth restricted) and even stillbirth.

But the important thing is to know that gestational diabetes can be prevented through several infallible strategies. To The Health Site (in English), Dr. Pratima Thamke, consultant obstetrician and gynecologist at Motherhood Hospital, Kharghar, talks about some vital tips for preventing diabetes and staying fit during pregnancy.

1. Maintain a healthy weight

Obese and overweight mothers are more likely to have gestational diabetes than women with normal weight. Obesity can also cause complications during childbirth and make you prone to other health problems. Therefore, it is better to watch your weight during pregnancy.

2. Workout daily

Exercising every day without fail helps to control glucose levels. Like diabetes, gestational diabetes happens due to irregular glucose activity in the body. Exercise at least 5 times a week for 45 minutes and you will be able to maintain adequate blood sugar levels.

3. Eat well

Opt for fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, quinoa, legumes, lentils and nuts. Cut down on smoking and alcohol. Try to limit your intake of carbohydrates, junk, processed and canned foods. Drink plenty of water and avoid sweets, desserts and soft drinks. Additionally, foods loaded with sodium, sugar, and preservatives can spike blood sugar levels. Eat smaller meals as suggested by the doctor.

Be sure to see your doctor regularly

Do not miss your doctor’s appointments. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes should be closely monitored during and after delivery. And avoid self-medication.

Gestational diabetes symptoms

In most cases, gestational diabetes has no symptoms. It can sometimes cause mild symptoms like increased thirst or shakiness. Contact your doctor if you experience continuous nausea and vomiting, have blurred vision or changes in your baby’s movements.