Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause Journey

Author : Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan


Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologis

Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause is not just a biological process; it’s a significant chapter in a woman’s life that merits understanding and attention, especially in the culturally rich and diverse landscape of India. As women approach their late 40s or early 50s, they embark on a journey that marks the end of their reproductive years. According to Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, MBBS, MD(OBG), Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist , This phase, often shrouded in silence and stigma, needs to be discussed openly to empower women. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of embracing this change with awareness and confidence. This article delves deep into the nuances of menopause in the Indian context, exploring its symptoms, the efficacy of hormone therapy, and the essentiality of a healthy lifestyle tailored for Indian women. Our aim is to guide and support women through this natural yet often misunderstood phase of life.

In India, menopause is a topic that is rarely discussed openly, leading to a lack of awareness and preparedness among many women. The journey through menopause can be bewildering without proper information and support. This article serves as a comprehensive guide, shedding light on what to expect and how to navigate the changes both physically and emotionally. With a focus on the unique aspects of Indian culture and healthcare, we aim to provide insights that resonate with the experiences of Indian women, ensuring that they do not feel alone in this journey. Understanding menopause is the first step towards managing its challenges effectively, and Motherhood Hospitals is dedicated to being a trusted partner in this journey.

Understanding Menopause

Menopause, medically defined as the cessation of menstruation for 12 consecutive months, signifies the end of a woman’s natural reproductive period. In the Indian context, the average onset of menopause is around 49 years, though it can vary widely. The perimenopausal phase, leading up to menopause, is characterized by fluctuating hormone levels, resulting in irregular menstrual cycles. This phase is crucial for Indian women, who often balance complex roles in both their personal and professional lives. Early recognition of perimenopausal symptoms enables women to seek timely advice and support, which is particularly important in a culture where such topics might be less openly discussed.

The journey to menopause is unique for every woman, but in India, it is often influenced by factors like lifestyle, diet, and genetic predispositions. Understanding these individual differences is vital in providing personalized care and support. Women may experience a range of symptoms, from hot flashes and mood swings to more subtle changes like sleep disturbances and decreasing bone density. Awareness and education about these symptoms are key to empowering Indian women to take proactive steps towards their health. At Motherhood Hospitals, we focus on providing culturally sensitive and informed care, helping women navigate this transition with knowledge and confidence. Recognizing and understanding the early signs of menopause can lead to better management of this life stage, emphasizing the importance of regular health check-ups and open conversations with healthcare professionals.

Common Symptoms and Hormone Therapy Options

Common Symptoms of Menopause in India The symptoms of menopause in Indian women can be as varied as the cultural tapestry of the country itself. Predominant symptoms include hot flashes, a feeling of intense heat that spreads over the body, often accompanied by sweating and flushing. These can be particularly challenging in the Indian climate, especially during the warmer months. Mood swings are another common symptom, manifesting as sudden tears or irritability. This emotional volatility can be perplexing not just for the women experiencing them but also for their families, necessitating a supportive and understanding environment.

In addition to these, Indian women often report sleep disturbances, which can range from insomnia to disrupted sleep patterns. Vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse are also noted, but these symptoms are less frequently discussed due to cultural sensitivities. It’s important to highlight that these changes are natural and manageable with the right approach. The varied diet and lifestyle across different regions of India can also influence the intensity and nature of these symptoms. Therefore, a personalized approach to symptom management, acknowledging these cultural and regional differences, is crucial in providing effective care at Motherhood Hospitals.

Hormone Therapy Options in India

Hormone therapy (HT) is a significant medical intervention for managing menopause symptoms in India, offering relief from hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. However, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. The decision to use hormone therapy must be made on an individual basis, considering the woman’s health history, severity of symptoms, and personal preferences. Indian women, like their counterparts globally, must weigh the benefits against the potential risks, such as a slightly increased risk of certain diseases when using HT for prolonged periods.

In the Indian healthcare context, the availability of hormone therapy and the awareness of its benefits and risks vary. At Motherhood Hospitals, our approach is to provide comprehensive information, allowing women to make informed decisions about their health. We discuss the types of hormone therapies available, including systemic estrogen, which is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, and low-dose vaginal products for localized symptoms. Alternative and complementary therapies are also gaining popularity in India, with many women seeking natural or plant-based remedies. It’s vital to discuss these options with healthcare professionals to understand their efficacy and safety.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices and The Role of Self-Care

Healthy Lifestyle Choices During Menopause Adopting a healthy lifestyle is paramount for Indian women navigating the menopausal transition. A balanced diet, rich in calcium and vitamin D, is essential for bone health, as menopause increases the risk of osteoporosis. Indian diets, traditionally rich in vegetables and grains, can be optimized by including more leafy greens, dairy products, and foods fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Regular physical activity is another cornerstone of a healthy menopausal journey. Exercises such as yoga, which is deeply rooted in Indian culture, not only help in maintaining a healthy weight but also reduce stress and improve mood, countering some of the psychological symptoms of menopause.

Another aspect of a healthy lifestyle is stress management, particularly crucial in the fast-paced life many Indian women lead. Practices like meditation, mindfulness, and deep breathing exercises can be immensely beneficial. In addition, getting adequate sleep is vital for overall well-being. Sleep disturbances, common during menopause, can be mitigated through good sleep hygiene practices like maintaining a regular sleep schedule and creating a comfortable sleep environment. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of these lifestyle modifications, offering guidance tailored to the unique needs of Indian women during this transitional phase.

The Role of Self-Care and Support

Self-care during menopause goes beyond physical health; it encompasses emotional and mental well-being. For Indian women, this might mean taking time out for themselves, engaging in activities they enjoy, or simply resting. It’s a time to prioritize their own health and needs, often a challenging task in a culture where women are accustomed to putting their family’s needs first. Emotional support from family, friends, and peers who are going through similar experiences can be incredibly valuable. Sharing experiences and coping strategies can help in normalizing the menopause transition and reducing feelings of isolation.

Moreover, professional support from healthcare providers is crucial. At Motherhood Hospitals, we offer counseling and support groups where women can discuss their concerns and learn from the experiences of others. These forums provide a safe space to talk about sensitive issues like sexual health and emotional changes, which are often not discussed openly in Indian society. Empathy, understanding, and informed guidance from healthcare professionals can make a significant difference in how women experience and manage menopause. By fostering an environment of care and support, we aim to empower women to embrace this phase of life with confidence and positivity.

Motherhood Hospitals: A Partner in the Menopause Journey

At Motherhood Hospitals, we understand the multifaceted challenges Indian women face during menopause. Our commitment is to provide a holistic approach to menopausal care, combining medical expertise with empathetic support. We offer a range of services tailored to the needs of menopausal women, including specialized health check-ups, hormone therapy consultations, and dietary advice. Recognizing the importance of mental and emotional well-being, we also provide counseling services and support groups, facilitating a supportive community for women undergoing similar experiences.

Our approach is grounded in the understanding that menopause is not merely a medical condition but a significant life transition. Therefore, we emphasize education and awareness, empowering women with the knowledge they need to navigate this phase confidently. From understanding the physiological changes to managing symptoms effectively, our healthcare professionals are dedicated to providing personalized care. We also encourage women to participate actively in their health decisions, fostering a sense of control and positivity towards the menopause journey. At Motherhood Hospitals, we stand as a trusted ally, guiding women through this transition with care, respect, and expertise.

Embracing menopause with confidence is a journey of self-discovery and adaptation. This transition, while challenging, offers an opportunity for women to focus on their health and well-being in new ways. Through this article, we have explored the various facets of menopause in the Indian context, highlighting the importance of understanding symptoms, exploring treatment options like hormone therapy, adopting healthy lifestyle choices, and the indispensable role of self-care and support.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we are committed to supporting women through every stage of this journey. We believe that with the right information, care, and support, menopause can be a phase of life approached with assurance and positivity. As women in India and around the world navigate this natural transition, it is our hope that they do so with an empowered and informed perspective, embracing the change as an integral part of the extraordinary journey of womanhood.

Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, please book your appointment here.

Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Understanding the Importance of Women’s Heart Health in India: Heart health is a critical issue for women in India, where changing lifestyle patterns and socio-economic conditions have led to an increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Traditionally perceived as a lesser risk for women, heart diseases are now being recognized as a significant health concern. According to Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist the need for awareness and proactive measures is more crucial than ever, as these conditions not only impact individual lives but also pose a broader social and economic challenge.

Redefining Awareness and Action for Heart Health: The conversation around heart health in India has predominantly focused on men, leaving women’s unique health needs in the shadows. This article aims to bridge that gap by shedding light on the distinct risk factors, symptoms, and preventive strategies pertaining to heart health in women. It emphasizes the critical role of regular health screenings and lifestyle choices in mitigating heart disease risks, and how early intervention can significantly improve health outcomes.

Unique Risks for Women’s Heart Health in India

Prevalence and Impact on Indian Women: Heart disease in Indian women is a growing concern, with studies indicating a rising trend in cardiac issues among this demographic. While traditionally heart diseases were associated with men, the reality today is starkly different. For Indian women, heart health risks escalate particularly post-menopause, but younger women are not immune. Factors like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol play a significant role, along with a lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis contributing to the severity of the situation.

Age-Related Risks and Menopause: The risk of heart diseases in women significantly changes with age. Prior to menopause, women generally have a lower risk of heart diseases compared to men, partly due to the protective effects of estrogen. However, this risk increases post-menopause, when estrogen levels decline, leading to an increased risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart failure. Understanding these age-related risks is crucial for effective prevention and management of heart diseases in women.

Gender-Specific Symptoms and Diagnosis Challenges

Atypical Symptoms in Women: Heart attack symptoms in women often differ from the classic symptoms experienced by men. While chest pain is a common symptom for both genders, women are more likely to experience atypical symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, back or jaw pain, and fatigue. This divergence in symptoms can lead to misdiagnosis or delayed treatment, as these symptoms are often mistaken for less severe conditions.

Gender Disparities in Heart Health Care: The healthcare system has historically been more attuned to male-centric symptoms and treatment of heart diseases, leading to disparities in how women’s heart health issues are diagnosed and managed. Women are less likely to receive aggressive treatment post-heart attack and are more likely to have their symptoms dismissed or misdiagnosed. This gap in healthcare, compounded by socio-cultural factors that often prioritize men’s health, places women at a higher risk of adverse outcomes.

Lifestyle Factors Influencing Heart Health

Diet, Exercise, and Stress: Lifestyle choices play a significant role in heart health. For Indian women, balancing professional and personal responsibilities often leads to neglecting dietary needs and physical activity. A diet high in trans-fats, sugar, and salt, coupled with sedentary habits, contributes significantly to heart disease risk. Moreover, chronic stress, common in fast-paced urban environments, exacerbates these risks, impacting heart health negatively.

Urban Lifestyle and Professional Stress: The urban lifestyle presents unique challenges for women’s heart health. Increased professional responsibilities and societal pressures can lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as poor diet and lack of exercise. Stress management is often overlooked, yet it is a crucial factor in preventing heart diseases. Emphasizing the importance of a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and stress reduction techniques is essential for heart health, particularly for women in urban settings.

The Importance of Regular Screenings and Early Detection

Emphasizing Heart Health Screenings: Regular health screenings play a pivotal role in early detection of heart diseases, particularly for women. In India, where health check-ups are often neglected, especially among women, emphasizing the importance of regular screenings is crucial. Screenings like blood pressure checks, cholesterol levels, ECGs, and stress tests should be a routine part of healthcare, especially for those with a family history of heart diseases or other risk factors such as diabetes or obesity.

The Significance of Early Detection: Early detection of heart diseases can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of severe complications. For Indian women, understanding and recognizing the early signs of heart issues is key. Awareness campaigns and health education should focus on educating women about symptoms and the necessity of timely medical consultation. This can not only save lives but also reduce the long-term impact of heart diseases on women’s health.

Prevention Strategies and Healthy Lifestyle Habits

Diet and Exercise for Heart Health: A heart-healthy diet and regular exercise are fundamental in preventing heart diseases. For Indian women, incorporating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins is essential. Limiting the intake of saturated fats, trans fats, and sugars can also contribute to better heart health. Additionally, engaging in regular physical activities like brisk walking, yoga, or swimming can help maintain a healthy weight, reduce stress, and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Stress Management and Mental Well-being: Mental health and stress management are integral to preventing heart diseases. Chronic stress, common among women juggling multiple roles, can have adverse effects on heart health. Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and adequate rest are vital for mental well-being. Creating a supportive environment, both at home and at work, can help in managing stress and promoting heart health. Community support groups and counseling can also be beneficial in addressing mental health concerns that impact heart health.


Emphasizing the Priority of Women’s Heart Health: The significance of heart health for women in India cannot be overstated. In a landscape where lifestyle changes and socio-economic factors contribute to rising cardiovascular risks, it becomes imperative to focus on proactive health management. Recognizing the unique challenges women face regarding heart diseases, from atypical symptoms to gender-specific risk factors, is a crucial step towards better health outcomes.

Advocating for Comprehensive Health Strategies: To effectively combat heart diseases in women, a multi-faceted approach is needed. This involves not only individual efforts in terms of regular health screenings and adopting healthier lifestyle choices but also broader initiatives from healthcare systems and policymakers. By ensuring that women’s heart health is addressed with the same diligence and urgency as men’s, we can begin to close the gap in healthcare disparities.

The Role of Community and Support Networks: The fight against heart diseases in women is not just a medical challenge but a social one as well. Building strong support networks, increasing community awareness, and promoting education about heart health are integral. Empowering women with the knowledge and resources to manage their heart health effectively can lead to a transformative shift in the way heart diseases are perceived and treated in India.

Looking Forward to a Healthier Future: As we move forward, the goal should be to create an environment where women’s heart health is a priority, not an afterthought. Encouraging regular medical check-ups, fostering environments that support mental well-being, and advocating for gender-specific research in heart health are key. Together, we can work towards a future where every woman in India has the opportunity to lead a heart-healthy life.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Author:   Dr. Tejinder Kaur

MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine

Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty:

Puberty, a critical phase in a girl’s life, signifies a transition not only in her physical form but also in her emotional and psychological realms. In the Indian context, this period is often shrouded in silence and unease, making it imperative for parents and educators to step in with guidance and openness. As per Author: Dr. Tejinder KaurMBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali, by understanding the multifaceted nature of puberty, adults can play a pivotal role in easing the journey for young girls. This phase, marked by significant growth and challenges, calls for an informed and empathetic approach to help girls navigate these changes confidently and knowledgeably.

Importance of Fostering Open Conversations about Puberty

In many Indian households, the topic of puberty is treated as taboo, leaving young girls bewildered and apprehensive. To counter this, initiating healthy and open dialogues about the physical and emotional changes during puberty is essential. Such conversations not only demystify this natural process but also empower girls to articulate their feelings and seek necessary guidance. Embracing these discussions paves the way for a more informed, confident approach to the physical and emotional transformations during puberty, fostering a positive self-image and a sense of preparedness among young girls.

Creating a Supportive Environment

Encouraging Open Dialogue Starting conversations about puberty can be daunting, but it’s crucial in creating a supportive environment. Parents and educators should engage in open dialogue with girls, using simple, relatable language to explain the changes they will experience. It’s important to provide a safe space where girls feel comfortable asking questions and expressing their concerns. Creating such an environment requires patience, understanding, and reassurance, ensuring that young girls feel heard and supported.

Deepening Understanding Through Dialogue

Building on initial conversations, it’s essential to deepen understanding by discussing more specific aspects of puberty. Topics like menstrual health, emotional fluctuations, and body image should be introduced gradually and handled with sensitivity. Parents and educators can use resources like books or educational videos to aid these discussions. Ensuring that girls have access to accurate and comprehensive information is key to helping them navigate puberty with confidence and ease.

Understanding Emotional Well-being

Emotional well-being is a critical aspect of navigating puberty. Parents and educators should acknowledge and address the range of emotions that girls may experience during this time. Open conversations about feelings, mood swings, and self-esteem are important. Adults should offer a listening ear, provide comfort, and foster a positive self-image. Encouraging girls to express themselves and validating their emotions plays a significant role in their emotional development.

Fostering Emotional Resilience

In addition to understanding emotional well-being, fostering emotional resilience is vital. This involves teaching girls coping mechanisms for stress and anxiety, such as mindfulness or journaling. It also includes promoting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, which can have positive effects on emotional health. By equipping girls with the tools to manage their emotions effectively, parents and educators can help them develop resilience and a strong sense of self.

Educating on Physical and Emotional Changes

Explaining the Physical Changes Education about the physical aspects of puberty is essential for young girls. It involves explaining the development of secondary sexual characteristics like breast growth, menstrual health, and the appearance of pubic hair. In India, where cultural misconceptions often obscure these topics, providing clear, factual, and age-appropriate information is paramount. Such education helps demystify bodily changes and equips girls with the necessary knowledge to manage these changes. Parents and educators should approach this topic with sensitivity, using straightforward, non-alarming language, and progressively deepening the discussion as the child’s understanding grows.

Navigating Emotional Changes

Alongside physical development, puberty is characterized by a myriad of emotional changes. It’s vital for parents and educators to guide young girls through these emotional shifts, which can include mood swings, increased sensitivity, and self-consciousness about their changing bodies. Open discussions about these emotional experiences should be encouraged, emphasizing that these feelings are normal and part of growing up. Activities that promote self-esteem, such as arts, sports, or journaling, can be beneficial. A supportive approach in these conversations will aid young girls in developing a balanced and healthy emotional perspective during puberty.

Promoting Hygiene and Self-Care

Hygiene Practices During Puberty The importance of hygiene during puberty cannot be overstated, especially in the context of menstrual health. It’s crucial for young girls to understand the basics of menstrual hygiene, including the use of sanitary products and the importance of regular bathing. In India, where discussions about menstruation are often limited, clear and practical guidance is essential. This education should be imparted in a sensitive and straightforward manner, helping girls to manage their personal hygiene with confidence and independence.

Furthering Hygiene Education

Expanding on basic hygiene practices, it’s important to discuss broader aspects like the significance of cleanliness during menstruation, proper disposal of sanitary products, and maintaining general body hygiene. Addressing these topics helps dispel myths and misconceptions, providing young girls with a complete picture of hygiene management. This comprehensive approach not only fosters personal responsibility but also contributes to overall health and well-being.

Self-Care and Wellness

The transition through puberty is accompanied by an increased need for self-care, encompassing both physical and mental health. Encouraging a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep is essential for physical development. Additionally, activities that support mental health, such as meditation, reading, or pursuing hobbies, play a vital role. These practices not only aid in physical growth but also help manage the stress and emotional fluctuations that often accompany puberty.

Promoting Holistic Wellness

Holistic wellness during puberty extends beyond physical health to include emotional and social well-being. Parents and educators should encourage practices that foster self-esteem and body positivity, helping girls to embrace their changing bodies. Discussions on the importance of a supportive social circle, engaging in community activities, and developing a healthy lifestyle contribute to a well-rounded approach to self-care. This holistic focus ensures that young girls are equipped to handle the challenges of puberty with resilience and positivity.

Fostering Peer Support and Community Involvement

Building a Supportive Peer Network Peer support plays a vital role during puberty, offering a sense of understanding and shared experience. Encouraging open discussions among peers helps young girls realize they are not alone in their experiences. Schools and communities in India can foster this support by organizing group activities or discussion forums, providing a platform for girls to connect and share. Such a network can alleviate the feeling of isolation and build a supportive community, making the journey through puberty less daunting.

Community and School Involvement

Schools and community organizations are instrumental in providing comprehensive puberty education and support. In India, where traditional norms may restrict these conversations, organized efforts by schools and communities can make a significant difference. Workshops, seminars, and resource distribution can provide girls and parents with much-needed information and guidance. This active involvement helps break down cultural barriers, allowing for a more open, informative approach to discussing puberty, thereby enhancing the overall support system for young girls.

Empowering Girls for the Future Navigating puberty is a significant milestone in a girl’s life, bringing physical, emotional, and psychological changes. By actively promoting open discussions and providing comprehensive education on these aspects, we empower young girls to embrace this journey with confidence and knowledge. Motherhood Hospitals plays a pivotal role in this endeavor, offering resources and expert guidance to ensure that every girl receives the support and understanding she needs. Their commitment to fostering healthy conversations about puberty exemplifies their dedication to the well-being of girls in India. Let’s join hands with institutions like Motherhood Hospitals to ensure a supportive, informed environment for every girl stepping into this transformative phase.

If you are on the verge of menopause or are going through menopause along with urinary symptoms, consult Dr Tejinder Kaur at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best woman’s care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Tejinder Kaur, please book your appointment here.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic lifestyle diseases will account for 70 percent of global deaths by 2030. Women worldwide face unique health concerns due to unhealthy ways of living. Most women are hardwired to look after families first without paying attention to their own health and in fact, neglecting it on most occasions. And this is further compounded if they are working women trying to balance home and work. Balancing home and work is a difficult process and requires considerable skill. This may lead to irregular food habits, skipping meals, lack of sleep, stress, lack of physical activity, addictions, and poor relationships—all of which contribute to the development of lifestyle diseases.

Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviors – smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and result in the development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some types of cancer.

Major lifestyle diseases in women

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Ways to keep lifestyle diseases at bay

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Regularly exercising
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Not smoking reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases by 80 percent.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases


Diabetes doubles the risk of a second heart attack and heart failure in women who have already had a heart attack. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than it does in men with risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol.

Metabolic syndrome

Women who have metabolic syndrome, which includes a large waist, high blood pressure, glucose intolerance, low HDL cholesterol, and high triglycerides, are more likely to develop heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.


Compared to men, women who smoke are more likely to experience a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases are all influenced by persistent, low-grade inflammation.


Stress, lack of sleep, and lack of physical activity contribute to weight gain. Stress also contributes to an increase in the levels of the hormone cortisol, which leads to inflammation in the body. Cortisol increases hunger and cravings, leading to weight gain. This may lead to pre-diabetes, high blood pressure, hormonal problems, and finally PCOS.

Unhealthy eating habits

Unhealthy meal patterns and irregular meal timings lead to hidden hunger, which means loss of micronutrients leading to deficiencies and other disorders.


Heart disease is the leading cause of preventable death among women. Women are at a high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes as early as 35 years of age.


Women have greater overall cholesterol levels than males do after menopause. Triglyceride levels are a significant factor. Before menopause, a woman’s own estrogen helps protect her from lifestyle diseases, especially heart disease, by increasing HDL (good) cholesterol and decreasing LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Ways to avoid lifestyle diseases?

Adopting healthy behaviors, improving physical activity, stopping tobacco, a high-fiber, low-fat diet to control body weight, good sleeping habits, avoiding excessive alcohol, coping with stress, and seeking support as needed, reduce the risk of death due to lifestyle diseases.

Dos and Don’ts Post Hysterectomy

dos and donts in post hysterectomy

AuthorDr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Dos and Don’ts Post Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus, whether laparoscopic or abdominal, is one of the common surgeries today. According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the surgery is performed to remove fibroids from the uterus or to get rid of uterus-related complications. Although the surgery is uncomplicated post-operative care is important for the complete recovery of the patient. The best gynaecologist in sector 55 recommends taking extreme care after the surgery.

Dos and Don’ts Post Hysterectomy

If you went through a hysterectomy or going under one, you need to know the post-operative for recovery. The gynaecologist in Gurgaon suggests the following tips after the surgery:

1. Care of the Stitches 

Whether laparoscopic or abdominal, the stitches always need to be clean and dry. Wash the stitched-up area once the dressing has been removed, however, do take a bath daily and maintain good hygiene. Dry the stitched-up area as suggested by your gynaecologist in Gurgaon. Make sure that you also keep checking for any signs of infection including redness, wound discharge, or fever. Moreover, wear loose-fitting clothes to avoid irritation on the incision.

2. Eat Balanced Diet

Diet is an important factor after any major surgery as it replenishes the body with the required nutrients. Hence, make sure that you follow a balanced diet. Here are a few tips that can help you maintain your diet:

  • Include all seasonal fruits in your diet: Each fruit has its unique nutritive value that helps in post-operative healing. 
  • Increase fibre and water content: Hysterectomy can cause constipation in some patients. To avoid constipation, include high-fibre foods including fruits and green leafy vegetables. You can also increase your water intake by drinking water every 2 hours. Do not, however, drink fruit juices and try to have fresh fruits as much as possible. 
  • Increase protein intake: Healing of tissues after surgery requires protein. To boost your healing process, you can include lean proteins in your diet including skinless chicken and reduced-fat dairy products such as plain yoghurt.  
  • Avoid saturated fats and include good fats in your diet including cashews, eggs, and so forth. 
  • Additionally, the best gynaecologist in sector 55 will also prescribe calcium and vitamin D supplements to protect yourself from fractures. 

3. Lifestyle Changes

Apart from a balanced diet and medications, certain lifestyle changes can also add to your healing process. This includes:

  • Adequate rest and sleep: Make sure to have at least eight hours of undisturbed sleep. Do not use a smartphone or watch TV while sleeping as it can disrupt your sleep cycle. Also, avoid having tea or coffee before sleeping. 
  • Meditation: You need to relax as much as possible to boost your healing process. Meditate every morning or practice yoga; whichever works for you. This can help you stay healthy and active. 
  • Avoid lifting heavy: Lifting heavy after the surgery can put extra pressure on your stitches and increase your chances of a hernia.

4. Exercise

It is important to note that women who are physically active before the surgery will have an easier recovery and will be able to return to routine sooner. Do not, however, start any physical activity immediately after the surgery. Usually, you may be able to resume around 4 weeks after a hysterectomy. Make sure to discuss this with your gynaecologist in Gurgaon to understand the extent of physical activity permitted. 

Recovery after a hysterectomy can take time. The more you listen to your body after the surgery, the easier will be your recovery. Moreover, you can also consult Dr Preety Aggarwal  at the Motherhood Hospitals for speedy recovery.

5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits  

5 Key Nutrients Every Pregnant Woman Should Prioritizes

AuthorDr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology

5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits 


During pregnancy, the mother must provide nutrition to herself and the baby. Hence, the nutritional requirements are higher during pregnancy. Out of which, certain vitamins are crucial for the overall development of the baby. According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology taking prenatal vitamins and eating healthy foods can help you get all the nutrients for you and the baby. The best gynecologist in sector 57 creates a treatment plan that has a balance of both prenatal vitamins and foods to give you the required nourishment. 

5 Key Nutrients for a Healthy Pregnancy Diet and Their Benefits 

Prenatal vitamins are multivitamins specifically crucial for pregnant women. Compared to regular multivitamins, these have more nutrients that meet the requirements during pregnancy. The gynecologist in Gurgaon recommends the following vitamins during pregnancy: 

1. Folic Acid 

Folic acid is vitamin B that is required for the healthy growth and development of the body. Consumption of folic acid before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects including spina bifida. During pregnancy 600 mcg of folic acid is recommended. Do not, however, self-administer and consult a gynecologist in Gurgaon for supplements. 

 2. Iron 

Iron is another crucial element that is required to make hemoglobin in the body. Due to excess requirement, iron is needed twice as much during pregnancy than before pregnancy. During pregnancy, you need at least 27 milligrams of iron each day. Apart from this, you can also get iron from food sources. In addition to iron, vitamin C is also required as it increases the absorption of iron in the body.  

3. Calcium 

Calcium is another important mineral that helps in developing a baby’s bones, teeth, heart, nerves, and muscles. The best gynecologist in sector 57 recommends 1000 milligrams of calcium each day. You can meet this requirement by taking prenatal vitamins as well as food sources including dairy, broccoli, and so forth. 

4. Vitamin D 

Vitamin D is also a crucial vitamin as it helps your body to absorb calcium. Moreover, it also helps in the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, immune system, and helps in the growth of teeth and bones. During pregnancy, at least 600 IU (international units) of vitamin D are required daily. You can take the prenatal supplement as prescribed by the best gynecologist in sector 57 and include rich sources of the vitamin in your diet.  

5. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) 

Docosahexaenoic acid also known as omega-3 fatty acid is crucial for the overall growth and development of the baby. During pregnancy, you need DHA for the development of the brain and eyes of the baby. It is also important to note here that all prenatal vitamins might not contain DHA, hence it is best to discuss this with your gynecologist in Gurgaon.  

6. Other Nutrients  

Apart from the above, the other nutrients required for pregnancy are the following: 

1. Iodine 

During pregnancy, iodine is required for the development of the baby’s nervous system. You require at least 220 mcg of iodine every day during pregnancy. Apart from this, you can include iodine-rich sources of food in your diet. 

2. Protein 

 Protein is another important nutrient for the proper growth and development of baby’s tissues and organs. It is also required for increasing blood supply. Focus on completing at least 70 to 100 g of protein per day. 

As much as prenatal vitamins are important during pregnancy, a healthy and balanced diet cannot be sidelined. Make sure that you are eating a nutritious diet and limiting processed food. The best way to ensure this is by getting yourself checked and creating a customized plan with Dr Preety Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

5 Key Nutrients Every Pregnant Woman Should Prioritize 

5 Key Nutrients Every Pregnant Woman Should Prioritizee

AuthorDr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology

5 Key Nutrients Every Pregnant Woman Should Prioritize  


A balanced diet is of utmost importance when you are pregnant. As the adage goes, “You are what you eat”, Eating the right nutrients for your baby is essential for overall growth and development. According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology, women can meet their nutritional requirements with a healthy diet including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and proteins. The best gynaecologist in Gurgaon recommends including a variety of foods in your diet to meet your nutritional requirements. 

 According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynaecologists (ACOG), certain foods provide key nutrients to the body and are crucial to be included in your diet.  

5 Key Nutrients Every Pregnant Woman Should Prioritize 

Here are the key nutrients required for a healthy pregnancy  

1. Folate and Folic Acid 

Folate and its synthetic form, folic acid is a type of vitamin B that helps in developing the nervous system of the baby. Most importantly it prevents neural tube defects which affect both the brain and spinal cord. During pregnancy, you should aim to have folate from 400 to 800 mg from food alone. The rich sources of folate include leafy green vegetables, beans, nuts, eggs, and citrus fruits. Usually, the top obstetrician-gynaecologist doctors in Gurgaon also prescribe prenatal vitamins containing a synthetic form of folate to meet nutritional needs. 

2. Calcium 

Calcium helps in building the bones and teeth of the baby as well as helps in building the circulatory, muscular, and nervous systems. The rich sources of calcium are found in dairy products including milk, cheese, yoghurt, as well as eggs, tofu, fish, and green leafy vegetables. 

3. Vitamin D 

Vitamin D along with calcium helps in developing the bones and teeth of the baby. Moreover, it also helps with skin and eyesight. The rich sources of vitamin D include fatty fish, fortified milk, and eggs. You can also let your body produce the vitamin by exposing it to the sun. 

4. Iron 

Iron is one of the most important nutrients for both expectant mothers and developing babies. It is used to make haemoglobin which carries oxygen throughout your body. During pregnancy, your body requires more iron to fulfil the needs of the baby. With low iron levels, you are at a risk of developing iron deficiency anaemia which is detrimental to both the mother and the baby. Usually, the top obstetrician-gynaecologist doctors in Gurgaon also prescribe prenatal vitamins containing iron to meet your daily needs. You can, however, also include iron in your diet from red meat, poultry, fish, dark leafy vegetables, and fortified cereals. 

5. Vitamin C 

Vitamin C is another vital nutrient as it makes it easy for your body to absorb iron. Furthermore, it also helps with building bones, teeth, blood cells and blood vessels, as well as promoting immunity. The vitamin can be found in citrus fruits, tomatoes, berries, broccoli, and so forth. 

Other Nutritional Requirements During Pregnancy 

Apart from the above key nutrients, the following nutrients are also required during pregnancy 

1. Iodine 

Iodine is another crucial nutrient for the baby as it helps with developing the brain, and nervous system, and prevents cognitive, and hearing issues. You can include iodine from fish, eggs, potatoes, beans, and iodized salt. 

2. Zinc 

Zinc helps in developing the brain, boosts the immune system, and promotes cell growth. It is also linked with a lowered risk of preterm delivery. You can include zinc in your diet from poultry, fish, beans, peas, nuts, and so forth. 

Having a balanced diet is important for both the mother and the baby. Before, however, starting any supplement or including any food in your diet, make sure to consult Dr Preety Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals for expert guidance.  


Guide to Preparing for Childbirth

Guide to Preparing for Childbirth

Author: Dr. Manisha Tomar MBBS, DNB, DGO
Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Noida  


Bringing a new life into the world is a miraculous journey filled with anticipation and excitement. However, it’s also a process that requires careful planning and preparation. Dr. Manisha Tomar, a renowned obstetrician at Motherhood Hospital, is here to guide you through the various aspects of childbirth preparation, from choosing the right childbirth classes to understanding labor stages and options like Cesarean sections and labor induction.  

Choosing the Right Childbirth Classes  

Childbirth classes play a crucial role in preparing expectant parents for the upcoming birth. Dr. Manisha Tomar emphasizes that it’s essential to choose the right type of childbirth class that suits your needs. Here are some popular options:  

Lamaze Classes: Lamaze classes focus on natural childbirth techniques, breathing exercises, and relaxation methods. They are an excellent choice for parents who prefer a drug-free birth experience.  

Bradley Method Classes: The Bradley Method emphasizes partner-coached childbirth, promoting natural pain relief techniques, nutrition, and exercise during pregnancy.  

Hypnobirthing Classes: Hypnobirthing encourages relaxation and self-hypnosis to manage pain and reduce anxiety during labor.  

Online Classes: With the convenience of online classes, you can access childbirth education from the comfort of your home, making them a flexible option for busy schedules.  

Creating a Birth Plan

A birth plan is a written document that outlines your preferences and wishes for labor and delivery. Dr. Manisha Tomar recommends discussing your birth plan with your healthcare provider and keeping it flexible, as unexpected situations can arise. Key elements to consider in your birth plan include: 

  1. Pain management preferences, such as epidurals or natural pain relief techniques. 
  2. Labor environment preferences, like dim lighting, music, or aromatherapy. 
  3. Positions for labor and delivery.
  4. Who you want in the delivery room. 
  5. Preferences regarding fetal monitoring and interventions. 
  6. Understanding Labor Contractions  

Labor contractions are the rhythmic tightening and relaxing of the uterine muscles that help push the baby through the birth canal. Dr. Manisha Tomar advises expectant parents to distinguish between true labor contractions and false contractions (Braxton Hicks contractions). True labor contractions become regular, intensify over time, and occur at shorter intervals.  

The Three Stages of Labor 

Labor consists of three stages:  

Stage 1: Early Labor – Contractions become regular but not too intense, and the cervix begins to dilate. This stage can last for several hours.  

Stage 2: Active Labor – Contractions become more frequent and intense, leading to the baby’s descent through the birth canal. This stage typically lasts a few hours.  

Stage 3: Delivery of the Placenta – After the baby is born, the placenta is delivered, marking the end of labor.  

Cesarean Section (C-Section)

In some cases, a Cesarean section may be necessary. Dr. Manisha Tomar explains that a C-section is a surgical procedure in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the abdomen and uterus. Common reasons for a C-section include breech presentation, fetal distress, and complications during labor.  

Inducing Labor 

Labor induction may be recommended if your healthcare provider determines it’s necessary for your health or your baby’s well-being. Induction involves using medication or other techniques to start contractions artificially. Dr. Manisha Tomar stresses that labor induction should be carefully discussed with your healthcare team to assess the risks and benefits.  


Preparing for childbirth is an exciting but complex journey. Dr. Manisha Tomar from Motherhood Hospital advises expectant parents to educate themselves about the various aspects of childbirth, including childbirth classes, birth plans, labor contractions, stages of labor, Cesarean sections, and labor induction. Remember that every birth experience is unique, and it’s essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to make informed decisions that prioritize the health and well-being of both you and your baby. 

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Noida. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Noida at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Manisha Tomar please book your appointment here.

5 Lifestyle Changes That Can Boost Your Fertility

Lifestyle Changes That Can Boost Your Fertility

Author: Dr. Beena Muktesh MBBS, MS
Consultant: Gynaecologist & Fertility Specialist at Motherhood Hospital Gurgaon

If you are hoping to get pregnant, you might wonder if you can improve it on your own. Dr Beena Muktesh, MBBS, MS-Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fertility Specialist, considers improper lifestyle as the defining factor for infertility. Many of the patients suffering from infertility develop the condition gradually by not taking care of their health.  

The best Fertility specialist in Gurgaon tells us that both male and female fertility is greatly affected by age, lifestyle changes, and genetics. Many of these factors can be changed or improved to boost your fertility and overall reproductive health.  

Lifestyle Changes That Can Boost Your Fertility 

Here are some lifestyle changes that can help you boost your fertility: 

1.Healthy Diet 

The best Fertility specialist in Gurgaon considers diet as one of the important factors that not only affect fertility but also overall health. What you eat affects the quality of your eggs and sperm. A Harvard study found that women can decrease infertility issues due to ovulation disorders by 80% with a healthy diet.  

If you are wondering what to eat, here are some quick tips for you: 

  • Switch from full-fat dairy to low-fat dairy to promote healthy ovulation. 
  • Consume more protein and soy. 
  • Eat more fibre. 
  • Add walnuts to your diet. 
  • Reduce carb and sugar intake. 
  • Avoid processed foods.


Staying active or moderate exercise (up to 1 hour) reduces various health complications and boosts fertility. Studies have shown that a sedentary lifestyle and lack of activity throughout the day increase the risk of infertility. On the other hand, exercise can help in losing weight, improving your reproductive health, relieving your stress & anxiety and in turn boosting fertility. 

3.Get Adequate Sleep 

Your body requires sufficient sleep to rest and recover. People who sleep for less than 6 hours a day are more prone to infertility than others. A healthy sleeping pattern boosts your overall well-being by decreasing stress, giving your body some time to relax, as well as improving fertility. 

4.Stress Management

Stress is one of the leading contributors to infertility. Any type of physical, mental, and emotional stress to both men and women has been shown to cause infertility. Aside from stress, depression and anxiety also harm your overall health and fertility. If you feel stressed out or anxious most of the time, seek professional help from combined team of fertility & psychologist to manage your stress level & reproductive health. 

5.Avoid Beverages, Smoking, and Alcohol

Excessive consumption of coffee, tea, or other beverages also impacts your fertility levels. Overconsumption of caffeine has been shown to increase the risk of miscarriages in women. Similarly, smoking and alcohol also have detrimental effects on fertility. If you are planning to conceive, it is the best time to avoid consuming even a moderate amount of alcohol or beverages in your diet. 

Infertility is still a taboo in our society and people avoid discussing it or at times do not even seek professional help. If you have been trying to conceive for a long time and see no results or have previous miscarriages, need some changes in your lifestyle and consult the best fertility doctor in Gurgaon. You can reach out to Dr. Beena Muktesh from the Motherhood Hospitals for expert guidance and help.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Gurgaon at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Beena Muktesh, please book your appointment here.

Nurturing Your Pregnancy: A Guide to Healthy Eating Habits

Healthy eating habits during pregnancy

Author: Dt. Manisha Choudhary B.Sc (Home Science), M.Sc (Dietetics) 
Consultant: Dietitian and Nutritionist at Motherhood Hospitals, Noida 

Hello, dear expectant mothers! I’m Dietician Manisha Choudhary, and I’m delighted to be your guide on this incredible journey called pregnancy. At Motherhood Hospital in Noida, we understand the importance of proper nutrition during this precious time in your life. Today, I want to share some invaluable tips and guidelines for maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet during pregnancy to ensure both your health and the well-being of your growing baby. 

Prenatal Vitamins: 

First and foremost, consult your healthcare provider to determine the right prenatal vitamins for you. These supplements help fill any nutritional gaps and provide essential vitamins and minerals like folic acid, iron, and calcium that are crucial for your baby’s development. 

Balanced Meals: 

Focus on a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from different food groups. Aim for a combination of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products. This diversity ensures you receive a wide range of nutrients necessary for your baby’s growth

Folate and Iron-Rich Foods: 

Folate is essential for preventing birth defects, and iron helps in maintaining healthy blood levels. Incorporate foods like spinach, lentils, fortified cereals, and lean meats into your diet. Pair these with vitamin C-rich foods to enhance iron absorption. 

Adequate Protein Intake: 

Proteins are the building blocks of life and are crucial for your baby’s growth. Include sources like lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, and nuts in your diet. These provide not only protein but also various essential nutrients. 

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: 

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish like salmon, trout, and mackerel, are important for your baby’s brain and eye development. If you’re not a fan of fish, consider taking fish oil supplements or consuming flaxseeds and walnuts as alternative sources. 


Stay well-hydrated throughout your pregnancy. Water helps carry nutrients to your baby and aids in digestion. Aim for at least 8-10 glasses of water daily, and consider adding herbal teas or infused water for variety. 

Limit Caffeine and Avoid Alcohol: 

While a small amount of caffeine is generally safe, excessive consumption should be avoided. Alcohol, on the other hand, should be completely abstained from during pregnancy as it can harm your baby’s development. 

Frequent, Small Meals: 

Instead of three large meals, opt for smaller, more frequent ones. This can help ease common pregnancy discomforts like heartburn and nausea and maintain steady energy levels throughout the day. 

Control Sugar Intake: 

Gestational diabetes is a concern for some pregnant women. Monitor your sugar intake and opt for natural sweeteners like honey or fruits when you have a craving for something sweet. 

Food Safety: 

Be vigilant about food safety. Avoid undercooked meals, unpasteurized dairy products, and raw seafood to reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses that can harm your baby. 


Pregnancy is a unique and transformative experience, and taking care of your nutrition is an essential part of this journey. By following these guidelines and consulting with your healthcare provider and a registered dietitian, you can ensure a healthy and thriving pregnancy. 

Remember, every pregnancy is different, so tailor your diet to your specific needs and enjoy this beautiful phase of life to the fullest. At Motherhood Hospital in Noida, we are here to support you every step of the way. Wishing you a happy, healthy, and nutritious pregnancy! 

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Nutritionist at Noida who help customise diet plans for pregnant women and monitor their health throughout the period of pregnancy, in consultation with gynaecologists.

Do take an appointment with the best women care hospital in Noida at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dt. Manisha Choudhary, please book your appointment here.