Building a Strong Mother-Baby Bond – Essential Tips for the First Year

Building a Strong Mother-Baby Bond new born kid

Author: Dr. Sonal Singhal


Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

Building a Strong Mother-Baby Bond – Essential Tips for the First Year:

The bond between a mother and her baby, established in the first year, is fundamental for the child’s emotional and mental development. According to Dr. Sonal Singhal, MBBS, MD, Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist,  In India, this bond is nurtured within a rich tapestry of cultural and familial values. The importance of this period cannot be overstated, as it lays the foundation for the child’s future emotional health and social interactions. This section will delve into the critical nature of the mother-baby bond, highlighting its role in the holistic development of the child within the Indian cultural context.

Cultural Perspectives on Mother-Baby Bonding

In India, mother-baby bonding is deeply interwoven with cultural practices and beliefs. These practices, ranging from traditional methods to contemporary approaches, significantly influence how mothers in India connect with their newborns. This section will explore various cultural aspects that shape the bonding experience in Indian families, providing a comprehensive understanding of how these practices support and enhance the mother-child relationship.

Breastfeeding and Bonding

The Role of Breastfeeding in Bonding Breastfeeding is a natural process that significantly enhances the mother-baby bond, especially in the first year. In India, it is regarded as much more than a mere nutritional act; it’s a cherished bonding ritual. This section will focus on how breastfeeding fosters an intimate connection between mother and child, facilitating a sense of security and love. The psychological and emotional aspects of breastfeeding in the context of Indian culture will also be explored, illustrating its profound impact on the bonding process.

Overcoming Breastfeeding Challenges

Despite its importance, breastfeeding can come with challenges for many Indian mothers, such as societal pressures, physical discomfort, and lack of proper guidance. Addressing these challenges is crucial for maintaining a healthy bonding process. This section will offer practical advice and solutions to common breastfeeding issues faced in India. It will also highlight the support systems and resources available to Indian mothers, helping them overcome obstacles and ensuring a positive breastfeeding experience that strengthens the mother-baby bond.

Skin-to-Skin Contact

Benefits of Skin-to-Skin Contact Skin-to-skin contact, a practice where the baby is placed directly on the mother’s chest, is crucial for developing a strong bond. This method, recognized globally and increasingly adopted in India, has profound benefits. It helps regulate the baby’s body temperature, heart rate, and stress levels, while also fostering a deep emotional connection. This section will discuss how Indian mothers can incorporate skin-to-skin contact into their daily routine and the significant impact it has on nurturing the mother-baby bond.

Implementing Skin-to-Skin Contact in Indian Households

Adopting skin-to-skin contact in the Indian context may come with its own set of challenges, given the diverse cultural and social norms. This part of the article will provide practical tips for Indian mothers on how to effectively practice skin-to-skin contact. It will cover aspects like overcoming common barriers in traditional households and finding support within the family structure. The goal is to empower Indian mothers to embrace this practice as a vital part of their bonding journey with their newborns.

Responsive Care Techniques

Understanding and Responding to a Baby’s Needs Responsive care is about attentively understanding and meeting a baby’s needs. For Indian mothers, this means learning to read and respond to their baby’s cues, such as hunger, discomfort, or the need for sleep and affection. This section will detail the importance of responsive care in strengthening the mother-baby bond and provide insights into how Indian mothers can develop this intuitive understanding, enhancing their connection with their babies.

Responsive Care in the Indian Context

In India, responsive caregiving can be influenced by cultural expectations and family dynamics. This section will explore how Indian mothers can balance traditional caregiving practices with responsive care principles. It will offer guidance on navigating the challenges of adhering to cultural norms while ensuring the baby’s needs are met in a nurturing and attentive manner. The focus will be on empowering Indian mothers to trust their instincts and seek support when needed to provide responsive care.

Emotional Support for New Mothers

Importance of Maternal Emotional Well-being The emotional health of a new mother is vital in forming a nurturing bond with her baby. In the Indian context, where postpartum practices and familial roles play a significant part, the mother’s emotional state can profoundly impact her bonding with the child. This section will discuss the importance of supporting the emotional well-being of new mothers, and acknowledging the unique pressures and challenges they face in India. It will also highlight the connection between a mother’s emotional health and her ability to bond with her baby.

Support Systems and Resources in India

Emotional support for new mothers in India can come from various sources, including family, healthcare providers, and community groups. This section will explore the different types of support available to Indian mothers, focusing on how these resources can help them navigate the emotional challenges of new motherhood. The aim is to provide insights into building a strong support network, ensuring that mothers receive the care and understanding they need during this critical phase, which in turn enhances the mother-baby bonding experience.

Overcoming Challenges in the First Year

Navigating Common Challenges The first year of motherhood is filled with numerous challenges that can impact the mother-baby bond. Indian mothers, in particular, may face specific issues such as adapting to new parenting roles, managing societal expectations, and dealing with physical and emotional changes. This section will address these challenges, providing practical advice and strategies to help mothers maintain a strong bond with their babies. It will focus on empowering Indian mothers with knowledge and tools to navigate this transformative period effectively.

Balancing Tradition and Modern Parenting

In India, where traditional practices often coexist with modern parenting approaches, finding a balance can be challenging for new mothers. This section will explore how Indian mothers can integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary parenting techniques to strengthen the mother-baby bond. It will guide managing the expectations and pressures from family and society, helping mothers forge their unique parenting path that respects cultural values while focusing on the well-being of both mother and child.

In conclusion, the first year of a baby’s life in India is a precious time for nurturing a strong mother-baby bond. This bond is deeply influenced by cultural practices, breastfeeding, skin-to-skin contact, responsive care, and emotional support for new mothers. Embracing these elements with cultural sensitivity and a modern outlook allows Indian mothers to overcome challenges and create a lasting connection with their newborns. Building a robust mother-baby bond not only ensures the child’s emotional and social well-being but also enriches the journey of motherhood. It’s a journey filled with love, understanding, and the promise of a brighter future for both mother and child.

Dr. Sonal Singhal will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies, please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Gurgaon. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best woman’s care hospital in Gurgaon at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to contact Dr. Sonal Singhal please book your appointment here.

10 Playtime Activities to Boost Development in Your Babies

ten play time activities for children

Author – Dr Sanjay Wazir

MBBS, MD-Paediatrics, DM-Neonatology,

Medical Director (NCR)-Neonatology

10 Playtime Activities to Boost Development in Babies Under 1 Year

The learning journey of a baby begins way before it is born. During the 9 months, the baby learns from the mother inside her womb. Once born, it keeps on observing and learning over time. The first year of your baby is crucial since it is during this time that your baby starts developing socially, emotionally, and physically. According to Dr Sanjay Wazir, MBBS, MD-Paediatrics, DM-Neonatology, Medical Director (NCR)-Neonatology, the cognitive growth of a baby starts developing from 6 months of age. Hence, parents need to engage their babies in games that make them learn, enjoy, and grow.

 10 Playtime Activities to Boost Development in Your Babies

If feeding and napping your baby takes most of your time, you’re not like other first-time parents. You can, however, carve out some time with your baby to play games suggested by the best neonatologist in Delhi, such as:

1. Baby Talk

 Respond to your baby’s coos and other syllables. Speak to them with facial expressions and try uttering more vowels during this time. This will help your baby understand speech and pick up language. 

2. Play with Hands

Games including peekaboo or playing with puppets are great to engage your baby and their attention. Using hands during playing will make them learn how to interact physically.

3. Pay Attention

Babies usually start pointing out things and making sounds, pay attention to where they are looking at and start observing things with them. This will give you an idea of what interests your child.

4. Start Books Early

Select books with colourful pictures and point images with them. If they start making sounds, mimic their sound, elaborate the storylines, and encourage them to talk about books. The best paediatrician in Delhi suggests also keeping colourful alphabets around them to make them familiar with the language.

5. Choose Interactive Toys

Of late, there are several interactive toys in the market that can help your baby learn by engaging them in the form of games.

6. Respond When They Cry

Respond to your baby as soon as you see them crying. Try soothing, cuddling, and reassuring them to build a positive brain circuitry. This gives emotional security to their brain.

7. Give Them a Body Massage

Giving a good massage to your baby can lower their stress levels and build emotional security for them. A massage has been shown to even promote growth in young babies. You can also make this task engaging for them by interacting with them while giving a massage.

8. Slow Dancing

Turn on some good music, hold your baby in your arms and swerve slowly on the beats. This will not only calm your baby but also boost their mood and help them understand music.

9. Make Funny Faces

Make your baby laugh by making funny faces or imitating people around. Slowly, you will start noticing that your baby will also try to mimic you.

10. Water Play

Make your baby’s bathing time more fun by adding lots of toys to their tub. Play with their toys while bathing them. You can also try filling and draining some toys in front of them to help them understand cause and effect.

Playing games with babies is important for their overall well-being and growth. Such games not only help them bond with you but also make them grow. If you want to know more about this, you can visit Dr Sanjay Wazir at the Motherhood Hospitals.

Understanding Pneumonia in Children: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Pneumonia in Children

Autor – Dr. Amit Gupta 

MD (peds) KGMC LUCKNOW, PGPN (Boston), NNF Instructor, Fellowship in Neonatology (Canada ) 

Senior Consultant – Peadiatrician & Neonatologist 

Understanding Pneumonia in Children: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Pneumonia is a common respiratory infection that can affect people of all ages, but it can be particularly concerning when it strikes children. As a seasoned child specialist with 18 years of experience, I aim to provide you with a comprehensive educational article on pneumonia, covering its causes, symptoms, and treatment, to help parents and caregivers better understand this condition and its management. 

What Is Pneumonia? 

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs caused by various infectious agents, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms. In children, bacterial and viral pneumonia are the most common culprits. Pneumonia can range from mild to severe, and it is crucial to recognize its signs and symptoms to ensure timely intervention and proper treatment. 

Causes of Pneumonia in Children: 

Bacterial Infections: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and Staphylococcus aureus are some common bacterial pathogens responsible for pediatric pneumonia. 

Viral Infections: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza virus, and adenovirus are frequent viral causes of pneumonia in children. 

Fungal Infections: While less common, fungal pneumonia can occur, primarily in children with compromised immune systems. 

Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children: 

Recognizing the symptoms of pneumonia in children is essential for early diagnosis and prompt treatment. These symptoms may vary in severity and can include: 

  • Cough, often producing yellow or green mucus. 
  • High fever, sometimes accompanied by chills. 
  • Rapid or difficult breathing, which may be visible as chest retractions (sucking in between the ribs or below the ribcage) or flaring of the nostrils. 
  • Wheezing or grunting. 
  • Fatigue and decreased activity. 
  • Loss of appetite. 
  • Rapid heart rate. 
  • Cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the lips, nails, or skin). 
  • Diagnosis of Pneumonia: 

When a child presents with symptoms suggestive of pneumonia, a thorough evaluation is necessary. Diagnostic measures may include: 


Physical examination: Listening to the child’s breathing sounds with a stethoscope to identify abnormal breath sounds, crackles, or wheezing. 

Chest X-ray: An essential tool for confirming the presence of pneumonia and determining its extent. 

Blood tests: To assess the severity of infection and the type of pathogen involved. 

Sputum culture: To identify the causative bacteria and guide antibiotic treatment. 

Treatment of Pneumonia in Children: 

The treatment approach for pediatric pneumonia depends on the underlying cause and the child’s age and overall health. Key strategies include: 

Antibiotics: If bacterial pneumonia is diagnosed, antibiotics are prescribed. The choice of antibiotic depends on the suspected pathogen. 

Antiviral medications: For pneumonia caused by specific viruses, such as influenza or RSV, antiviral drugs may be considered. 

Supportive care: This includes ensuring the child gets plenty of rest, maintaining hydration, and managing fever and discomfort with appropriate medications. 

Oxygen therapy: In severe cases, oxygen supplementation may be required to ensure adequate oxygen levels in the blood. 

Hospitalization: Some children with pneumonia, especially infants or those with severe symptoms, may require hospitalization for close monitoring and intravenous treatments. 

Prevention of Pneumonia: 

Preventing pneumonia in children is a priority for parents and caregivers. Here are some essential preventive measures: 

Vaccination: Ensure that your child is up-to-date on vaccinations, including those against common pathogens like pneumococcus and Hib. 

Good hygiene: Promote handwashing and respiratory hygiene to reduce the spread of infectious agents. 

Avoid secondhand smoke: Exposure to tobacco smoke can increase the risk of pneumonia. 

Breastfeeding: Breastfed infants have better immunity against infections, including pneumonia. 


As a child specialist, I understand the concern and worry that parents and caregivers may experience when a child is diagnosed with pneumonia. Early recognition of symptoms, prompt medical attention, and appropriate treatment can significantly improve the outcome for children with pneumonia. By focusing on prevention and staying informed, we can work together to keep our children healthy and safe. 

7 Fun and Educational Activities to Support Toddler Development  

7 Fun and Educational Activities to Support Toddler Developmentt

AuthorDr. Devesh Aggarwal



7 Fun and Educational Activities to Support Toddler Development  


Toddles are quick to observe, learn, and adapt. According to Dr Devesh Aggarwal, MBBS, DCH, Consultant-Paediatrics, toddlers grasp learning basic concepts including shapes and colours quickly in their initial days. They also begin to grasp more complex skills including language and maths with advancing age. The best paediatrician & neonatologist in Gurgaon recommends utilizing this opportunity by introducing their toddler to learning activities at home. 

7 Fun and Educational Activities to Support Toddler Development 

 The best neonatologist doctor in Gurugram suggests easy projects for toddlers including recognizing names, counting items, differentiating colours, and so forth. Here are a few educational activities that can help your toddler learn: 

 1. Displaying Their Name 

 Dr. Devesh Aggarwal tells us that at the age of 2, the child begins to recognize letters that create their name. To help them learn you can display it throughout your home including on the bedroom door, fridge, and so forth. 

 2. Reading Signs 

 The best paediatrician & neonatologist in Gurgaon recommends pointing out words and letters on street signs, stores, and so on. You can also use the rhyming words together to help them understand. 

3.  Counting Everyday Items 

 To your surprise, your toddler may be able to recite the numbers from one to ten in order. You cannot, however, expect them to do so until their preschool. What you can do is make them count the buttons of their dress or the number of rotis on their plate. This will acquaint them with numbers. 

 4. Differentiate Objects by Type or Colour 

 Early mathematics development starts with observing, comparing, and contrasting objects. You can ask your toddler to separate their soft toys based on colour or type. Another way is to let them segregate different-sized spoons. 

5.  Create a Shape Book 

 Although you can easily find one shape book in the store, yet, it would be better if you let your toddler create their own. The best neonatologist doctor in Gurugram suggests copying shapes from newspapers or magazines onto a drawing book. Moreover, let them identify the shapes around them. For instance, let them draw a square, and ask them to observe and tell if they can notice any square shape around them. 

6. Finger Painting 

Another way to familiarise your toddler with colours is by letting them dip their finger into paints. Name the colour as they begin to spread it on a book. Once the colours dry, you can ask them to identify these colours around your home.  

7. Teach Them Shapes in the Kitchen 

 If you want your toddler to recognize shapes efficiently, the kitchen is the best place to do so. Instead of giving them the food in its proper shape, you can cut it differently and let them recognize the shape. For instance, you can cut your pancakes into triangles, or bread in a round shape to help them recognize. 

Another kitchen hack is to talk to them with descriptive language. For instance, ask them if they want a red apple or a yellow banana. This will help them relate colours with food items. 

 Teaching your toddler with creative activities can be fun, both for you and your child. Apart from the ones listed above, you can also come up with innovative ideas to connect with your child. If you wish to learn more about such helpful techniques, you can also consult Dr Devesh Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals to help you with toddler development.  


 Effective Fever Management: 8 Tips Every Parent Should Know 

Effective Fever Management 8 Tips Every Parent Should Know_

AuthorDr. Devesh Aggarwal



Effective Fever Management: 8 Tips Every Parent Should Know 


When it comes to children, parents are extremely concerned about their health. Sometimes they might be awakened in the middle of the night and notice the forehead of their child is too hot to touch. The first thing that comes to mind in such cases is to visit the best child specialist in sector 57 Gurgaon. Dr Devesh Aggarwal, MBBS, DCH, Consultant-Paediatrics, however, suggests managing symptoms at home instead of running to a doctor in the middle of the night. If the temperature of your child is constantly at its peak, do not hesitate to visit a doctor at the earliest. The common symptoms, however, can be managed at home. 

Effective Fever Management: 8 Tips Every Parent Should Know 

Here are some tips that can help you manage the fever of your child: 

1. Let Them Rest 

Any type of activity can raise the body temperature of your child. Hence, getting ample sleep is important to fight fever-causing viruses. If, however, you notice that the fever is accompanied by shortness of breath or any other unusual symptom, visit the best child specialist in Gurgaon at the earliest. 

2. Sufficient Hydration 

Fever can lead to fluid loss and dehydration. Hence, it is important to drink plenty of fluids and water to keep the body hydrated. 

3. Cool Environment 

Keeping the room temperature cool and sleeping with a light blanket and help your child relax and feel cooler. 

4. Light Clothing 

When in fever, you must get your child dressed in light clothes since lighter clothing can also have a cooling effect. A study has shown that warm clothing can increase the body temperature of your child even when they are not sick. Hence, make sure that the clothes are light. 

5. Tepid Sponging 

Place a cool, damp washcloth on your child’s forehead and the back of their neck to make them feel better. You can also give them a tepid sponge bath in high-heat areas including armpits and groin. Wearing lighter clothes, a cool environment, and tepid sponging together can help your child lower the temperature. 

6. Over the Counter Medicine to Reduce Fever 

Fever can be uncomfortable for your child. In such cases, you can try giving them an over-the-counter medicine to reduce body temperature. 

7. Give them a Hot Drink 

Fever also affects the palate and makes it difficult to eat. If your child refuses to eat, give them a hot cup of milk or turmeric milk to keep the body full. 

 8. Give Oral Rehydration Solution  

 If you notice diarrhoea along with fever, give your child an oral rehydration solution. This will not only restore the electrolyte balance but will also help in managing fever. 

 When to Visit a doctor? 

 All kids get a fever from time to time, and in most cases, they are back to the normal routine within a day or two. As a parent, you must make your child feel comfortable, follow the above tips, and watch their symptoms throughout. You should, however, visit the best paediatrician in sector 55 Gurgaon at the earliest, if you notice: 

1. A temperature higher than 100.4°F (38°C). 

2. The child develops other symptoms along with fever such as diarrhoea, vomiting, or rash. 

3. Extreme sickness. 

4. Extreme dehydration. 

5. A rash. 

 If you wish to consult the top paediatrician in the city, you can consult Dr Devesh Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

 Common Childhood Allergies and How to Handle Them 

Common Childhood Allergies_

AuthorDr. Devesh Aggarwal



Common Childhood Allergies and How to Handle Them


Children have weak immune systems compared to adults and thus are more prone to allergies. According to Dr. Devesh Aggarwal, MBBS, DCH, Consultant-Paediatrics, MBBS, DCH, Consultant-Paediatrics, any child can develop allergies but kids with a family history of allergies are at greater risk. Of course, as a parent, you cannot control everything your child is exposed to. You can, however, focus on monitoring their symptoms. The top paediatrician in Gurgaon recommends monitoring symptoms for early identification of allergies. This will improve the child’s quality of life and help you understand the health of your child. 

What Causes Allergies in Children? 

Certain allergic triggers can lead to allergies in children. The common triggers or allergens are: 

1. Tree, grass, and weed pollen. 

2. Certain food items. 

3. Dust mites. 

4. Molds. 

5. Animal dander, urine, or oil from the skin. 

6. Certain medicines. 

7. Feathers. 

8. Bee stings. 

9. Pests include cockroaches and mice. 

What are the Common Allergy Symptoms in Children? 

An allergic reaction can occur anywhere in the body including skin, eyes, lining of the stomach, sinuses, throat, and lungs. These are the places where immune system cells are present to fight off germs that are breathed in, swallowed, or met on the skin. Hence, the top paediatrician in Gurgaon recommends to watch out for the following symptoms: 

1. Red, itchy, and watery eyes. 

2. Stuffy nose, sneezing, itching, or running nose. 

3. Itching in ears in the mouth. 

4. Red, itchy, and dry skin. 

5. Itchy welts or hives. 

6. Itchy rash. 

7. Asthma symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. 

8. Severe, life-threatening allergic reactions or anaphylaxis such as troubled breathing, diarrhoea, vomiting, low blood pressure, and fainting. 

How are Allergies Treated in Children? 

The allergic symptoms in children may mimic symptoms of other medical conditions. Hence, you must get your child’s allergy tested by the top paediatrician in Gurgaon. The most effective way to handle allergies in children is avoidance. Avoidance refers to staying away from anything that can cause an allergic reaction. Here are a few suggestions you can focus on: 

1. Control dust in the home especially in your child’s bedroom. 

2. Stay indoors when the pollen count is high and on windy days. 

3. Use air conditioning instead of opening the windows. 

4. Use a dehumidifier in damp areas of the home and clean it often. 

5. If your child is playing outside in high pollen count, make sure to bath them, wash their hair, and change clothes. 

6. Avoid having pets or indoor plants. 

7. Keep the house clean and dry. 

8. Prevent anyone from smoking anywhere near your child, especially in your home and car. 

9. Avoid those things that you know cause allergic reactions in your child. 

10. Check with the best paediatrician near me in Gurgaon, Dr Devesh Aggarwal for effective, and safe allergic relief for your child. 

Apart from avoidance, allergy shots (immunotherapy), and medicines can help in managing common allergies in your child. Make sure that you visit the top paediatrician in Gurgaon for any allergic symptoms in your child. The doctor will conduct an allergy test and provide appropriate prevention and treatment. If you are wondering which doctor to visit, you can consult Dr. Devesh Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

Feeding Challenges and Solutions for Premature Babies

Feeding Challenges and Solutions for Premature Babiess

Author: Dr. Sanjay Wazir

MBBS, MD – Pediatrics, DM – Neonatology

Consultant: Medical Director (NCR)- Neonatology at Motherhood Hospital Gurgaon

Feeding Challenges and Solutions for Premature Babies

Premature babies (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) have special feeding and nutritional needs. Dr Sanjay Wazir, MBBS, MD-Paediatrics, DM-Neonatology, Medical Director (NCR)-Neonatology, tells us that preemies often need extra support to grow and continue developing. Some preemies may not have the strength or coordination to breastfeed or bottle-feed. They can, however, overcome this challenge with a little help and patience. As a parent, you need to understand your baby, learn some techniques, and know when to consult the top paediatrician in Gurgaon for expert help. 

Feeding Challenges and Solutions for Premature Babies

In the early stages, your preemie may find it challenging to eat. This is because of their underdeveloped muscles, nervous system, and other body parts. Hence, they may find it difficult to gulp and digest enough milk. Dr. Sanjay Wazir tells us that around 49% of preemies have feeding problems due to the following issues:

1.Lack of Sucking Skills

Unlike normal babies, preemies are not born with mature sucking skills. To drink milk from a bottle or breast, the babies need to suck that is coordinated and does not interfere with their breathing patterns. Babies who are unable to coordinate may choke or stop breathing entirely.

2.Lack of Strength

Babies need to have developed muscles in their tongues and jaws to suck and swallow milk easily. Eventually, the preemies develop this strength with practice. Until then, you may notice your baby getting exhausted during a feeding session. When you observe such, it is time for you to visit the top paediatrician in Gurgaon for consultation.

3.Underdeveloped Digestive System

Preemies are born with underdeveloped gastrointestinal tracts. This means that even if your baby takes the milk in, he might not be able to get the nutrients from it. The stomachs of preemies are not proficient in breaking down milk proteins.

4.Medical Conditions

Preemies are prone to developing medical conditions such as low body fat, breathing problems, jaundice, and so forth.

How to Feed Your Premature Baby?

According to the top paediatrician in Gurgaon, the feeding method of your baby in the NICU may depend on their gestational age and medical conditions. The doctors may combine one method with the other for better results.


Although difficult sometimes preemies do get a hang of nursing in the NICU.


To bottle-feed, you can either pump your breast milk or use a formula in the bottle. Sometimes the top paediatrician in Gurgaon may recommend feeding your baby with breast milk or formula from a bottle to check the amount of milk your baby is having.

3.Feeding Tube

A feeding tube is used when your baby is unable to get milk from breast or bottle feeding. In such cases, they may need a gastronomic tube that feeds directly into their stomach. Babies on feeding tubes are also given a pacifier to strengthen their mouth muscles and practice their sucking skills.

4.Intravenous Line

This is considered the last resort and is usually restricted to babies with serious medical conditions. In this method, an intravenous line directly feeds and supplies the nutrients into the baby’s bloodstream.

Preemies require extra care as compared to normal babies. The top paediatrician in Gurgaon recommends skin-to-skin contact with your preemie as it is also seen as beneficial for both the mother and the baby. If, however, you feel that your preemie is not getting expert care and attention, you can reach out to Dr. Sanjay Wazir at the Motherhood Hospitals for expert guidance and support.

Common Childhood Illnesses 

Common childhoos illness

Author –  Dr. Sanjay Wazir

MD- Paediatrics, DM-Neonatology,

Medical Director (NCR)- Neonatology

Common Childhood Illnesses: A Paediatrician’s advice 

Children are more prone to sickness due to their underdeveloped immune system. At most, a child may have at least 6 to 8 colds a year. Hence, you need to understand which illness can affect your child. Dr. Sanjay Wazir, MBBS, MD- Paediatrics, DM-Neonatology, Medical Director (NCR)- Neonatology, emphasizes the role of parents in managing childhood illnesses. The best paediatrician in Gurgaon suggests parents be aware and know the symptoms of common childhood illnesses, and how to manage them at the initial level. Of course, the parents should always seek the advice of a paediatrician in Gurgaon for managing illness. They, however, should be able to handle it initially.

Common Childhood Illnesses 

1. Respiratory Tract Infections

Common colds, swollen tonsils, and sore throats are some of the common respiratory tract infections affecting children. These are caused by viruses and bacteria attacking the upper respiratory tract. The common symptoms may include congestion in the chest, swollen glands, runny nose, and coughing. All of these symptoms usually last from 7 to 10 days. In such cases, you can help your child by giving them warm liquids to drink. Additionally, gargling with lukewarm salt water at regular intervals also helps in curing the throat. If you observe that the symptoms persist even after 10 days, consult the best paediatrician in Gurgaon and abstain from self-medication.

2. Ear Pain 

A pain in the ear is a telling sign of inflammation or infection in the ear. Infections in the ear are usually located in the inner ear canal or middle canal. At times, the ear pain may also radiate to the lower jaw due to pressure buildup in the sinuses.

Usually, ear infections affect children between the ages of 6 to 18 months due to poor immunity, allergies, and passive smoke. If your child complains of ear pain, consult a paediatrician in Gurgaon immediately as prolonged ear pain can lead to loss of hearing.

3. Fainting 

Children can sometimes faint at school or home due to decreased blood flow to their brains. The fainting is usually transient and most of the children regain consciousness within a few minutes. Your child may faint due to extreme exhaustion, heat, or emotional stress. It can also be a sign of low blood sugar levels, low red blood cell count, or irregular heartbeats. If your child goes through fainting spells frequently at school or home, get a doctor’s examination done to check for epilepsy or seizures.

4. Skin Infections 

An itchy, dry skin and red spots on your child’s body can be a sign of Eczema or atopic dermatitis. Children usually develop eczema due to excessive scratching when irritated. In such cases, refrain from woollen clothes and harsh soaps as these strip away the natural oils from the skin.

Furthermore, toddlers may also face fungal infections including a diaper rash due to wet diapers. Such infections require expert and careful management as directed by your paediatrician in Gurgaon.

5. Abdominal Pain, Diarrhoea, and Vomiting 

Abdominal or stomach pain is also a common illness in children. Your child may also have diarrhoea if he goes frequently to the loo. On the contrary, constipation with no loo visits. Prevent such from happening by ensuring a healthy diet and physical hygiene. You can also deworm your child to prevent parasitic infections.

Taking care of your child’s health in the initial stages of their development is crucial for other overall health. Giving them a nutritious meal, taking precautions, and practising hygiene are important. If you notice, however, that your child is getting sick frequently, visit Dr. Sanjay Wazir at the Motherhood Hospitals.

What is Paediatric Pancreatitis?

Paediatric Pancreatitis

Author – Dr. Pawan Deep Singh

M.B.B.S, DCH, DNB Pediatrics, Consultant – Paediatrics & Neonatology

Paediatric Pancreatitis: What is it and How is it Treated?

Pancreatitis refers to the inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is a long, flat gland located behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. It produces enzymes that help in digestion and hormones that help regulate body sugar. According to  Dr. Pawan Deep Singh, M.B.B.S, DCH, DNB Pediatrics, pancreatitis is uncommon in children and may improve with treatment. If left unnoticed, however, it can cause life-threatening complications. Hence, if you notice any change in your child’s health, consult the best child specialist in Chandigarh at the earliest.

What is Pancreatitis?

The pancreas is an organ in your abdomen located between your stomach and spine. It is involved in digestion and regulating the blood sugar. Digestive enzymes including amylase and hormones including insulin are secreted by the organ.

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. This inflammation causes swelling and pain in the abdomen.

What are the Types of Pancreatitis?

The best child specialist doctor in Chandigarh classifies pancreatitis into the following:

  1. Acute Pancreatitis

    Acute pancreatitis is a temporary inflammation of the pancreas. It usually occurs when your pancreas is trying to recover from a minor and short-term injury. Most people recover from it completely within a few days.

  2. Chronic Pancreatitis

    Chronic pancreatitis is a long-term condition. It usually occurs when there is injury or damage to the pancreas. It does not go away on its own and gets worse with time. A constant inflammation, however, causes scarring of the organ which stops them from making enzymes and hormones.

What are the Symptoms of Pancreatitis?

The primary symptom of pancreatitis is severe abdominal pain. The other symptoms of acute pancreatitis include:

  1. Nausea and vomiting.
  2. Rapid and shallow breathing.
  3. Fever.
  4. Rapid heart rate.

The best child specialist in Chandigarh states the following symptoms for chronic pancreatitis:

  1. Indigestion and pain after eating.
  2. Loss of appetite and unintended weight loss.
  3. Lightheadedness or low blood pressure.

The pain arising from pancreatitis is so severe that children often get uncomfortable and start crying. If your child is complaining of abdominal pain and their abdomen is tender to touch, it may be due to pancreatitis. Additionally, if your child complains of severe abdominal pain after a meal, it may also be due to pancreatitis.

What Causes Pancreatitis?

In children, pancreatitis is caused due to gallstones. Usually, the bile duct empties bile from the gallbladder into the intestine through the same opening as your pancreatic duct. If, however, a gallstone enters the bile duct and gets stuck, it can block the drainage of pancreatic juice. The buildup of excess juice in the pancreas causes inflammation and pancreatitis.

The other causes include:

  1. Viral infection.
  2. Autoimmune disease.
  3. A family history of pancreatitis.
  4. Cancer.
  5. Reduced blood supply to the pancreas.
  6. Injury to the pancreas.
  7. Certain medications affect the pancreas.

How is Pancreatitis Treated?

The treatment for pancreatitis depends on its type whether acute or chronic. Acute pancreatitis is treated with supportive care including pain relievers, tube feeding, IV fluids, and ample rest. Chronic pancreatitis may need surgery to remove gallstones and lifestyle changes.

Pancreatitis is a progressive disease and the symptoms continue to worsen with time. It is, therefore, important for you to keep a watch on your child’s health and pay attention to their sudden change in habits. If you notice your child complaining about pain in the abdomen, consult Dr. Pawan Deep Singh at the Motherhood Hospitals.

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate: Causes and Treatment

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Author – Dr Pawan Deep Singh

M.B.B.S, DCH, DNB Pediatrics,

Consultant – Paediatrics & Neonatology.


Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Cleft lip and cleft palate refer to openings or splits in the upper lip, roof of the mouth (palate), or both. These usually occur when the facial features that are developing in an unborn baby do not close completely. According to  Dr Pawan Deep Singh M.B.B.S, DCH, DNB Pediatrics, Consultant – Paediatrics & Neonatology.  cleft lip and cleft palate are common birth defects. The best paediatrician & neonatologist in Chandigarh tells us that this birth defect is related to genetic conditions or syndromes.

What are Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate?

A cleft lip and cleft palate are openings in a baby’s upper lip or roof of the mouth (palate). These are congenital abnormalities that develop when a foetus develops in the uterus. The condition occurs when the tissues of the upper lip and roof of the mouth are unable to join during foetal development.

What is a Cleft Lip?

According to the best doctor for newborn surgery in sector 44, our lips develop between four to seven weeks of pregnancy. Tissues from each side of our head join at the centre of the face to create lips and mouth. A cleft lip occurs when the tissues do not join completely.

What is Cleft Palate?

The roof of the mouth is developed between 6 to 9 weeks of pregnancy. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of your mouth during foetal development.

How Does Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Affect Your Baby?

Babies born with cleft lip and cleft palate may have difficulties eating, trouble speaking, and may have fluid behind their eardrums. Hence, the babies require immediate treatment from the best doctor for newborn surgery in sector 44.

What are the Causes of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate?

Cleft lip and cleft palate are caused by:

  1. Vitamin deficiency especially a lack of folic acid.
  2. Obesity.
  3. Smoking or tobacco during pregnancy.
  4. Birth disorders.
  5. Substance abuse.

How are Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Diagnosed?

Cleft lip and cleft palate are diagnosed during prenatal ultrasound. It is, however, difficult to detect it before birth. Usually, doctors may detect your cleft lip in your 20-week ultrasound. In some cases, the doctor may recommend amniocentesis to check for other genetic conditions. It may also help diagnose other congenital disorders.

How are Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Treated?

The best doctor for newborn surgery in sector 44 treats cleft lip and cleft palate depending on the extent of the cleft, the child’s age, and other health conditions. Generally, it is treated with surgery.

A cleft lip repair may require one or two surgeries. The first surgery usually occurs when the baby is 3 to 6 months old. The second surgery (if required) is usually done when the child is 6 months old.

On the other hand, a cleft palate repair is done when the child is 12 months old. In some cases, the child may also require additional surgeries to help improve their speech.

A cleft lip and cleft palate can cause health complications in your child. To prevent this from happening, consult  Dr Pawan Deep Singh at the Motherhood Hospitals.