IVF Pregnancies vs Normal Pregnancies

IVF Pregnancies

Author – Dr Ekawali Gupta   MBBS, MS Degree in OBG from IGMC (Shimla)
Consultant – Obstetrician and Gynaecologist

What are IVF Pregnancies?

An IVF pregnancy begins its magical journey with the successful implantation of the transferred embryo into the uterine lining. From this moment, the embryo flourishes and grows, much like it would in any other type of pregnancy. Given the specialised beginnings of IVF pregnancies, we offer enhanced monitoring, particularly in the early stages. This extra layer of attention ensures the utmost well-being and health of both the mother and the growing baby, making your journey to parenthood as smooth and joyful as possible.

IVF Pregnancies vs Any Other Pregnancy


While IVF pregnancies start with medical intervention, they share many similarities with any other pregnancies as they progress:

  1. Pregnancy Symptoms: An IVF pregnancy, like any other, exhibits similar symptoms such as morning sickness, fatigue, and hormonal changes.
  2. Gestational Period: The length of the pregnancy, typically around 40 weeks, remains the same regardless of the method of conception.
  3. Baby Development: The developmental milestones for the fetus are identical in both types of pregnancies, from the formation of organs to the growth of limbs.


Despite the similarities, there are some key differences that set IVF pregnancies apart:

  1. Method of Conception: The most obvious difference is the method of conception. IVF pregnancies involve a series of medical procedures, while other pregnancies occur without medical intervention.
  2. Increased Monitoring: IVF pregnancies usually require more frequent medical check-ups, especially in the early stages, to monitor the health of the mother and fetus.
  3. Risk Factors: IVF pregnancies may have a slightly higher risk of complications such as ectopic pregnancies or multiple births, although advancements in technology are continually reducing these risks.

 After How Many Weeks is IVF Pregnancy Considered Safe?

A common question that most couples undergoing IVF Pregnancies have is, “After how many weeks is an IVF pregnancy considered safe?” The answer varies from person to person, but generally speaking, the risk of complications decreases significantly after the first trimester. It’s crucial to consult with your gynaecologist for a personalised assessment and advice tailored to your specific medical history and needs.

Symptoms and Milestones

IVF Pregnancy Symptoms Week by Week 

Understanding the symptoms of an IVF pregnancy on a week-by-week basis can help you better navigate this unique journey. Here’s a more detailed look:

  • Weeks 1-4: Implantation and Early Signs
    – Mild cramping and spotting may occur as the embryo implants itself into the uterine     lining.
    – There are intense mood swings and emotions due to hormonal changes.
  • Weeks 5-8: The Onset of Morning Sickness
    – Nausea and vomiting, commonly known as morning sickness, often begin around this     time.
    – You may also experience heightened sensitivity to smells and changes in food      preferences.
  • Weeks 9-12: Physical Changes
    – Your breasts may become tender and swollen due to hormonal changes.
    – Increased appetite and cravings for specific foods may become noticeable.
  • Weeks 13-16: Second Trimester Begins
    – Morning sickness usually starts to subside.
    – You may start to show a small baby bump.

Symptoms of Pregnancy After IVF 

While many symptoms are similar to those of any other pregnancy, some unique signs may indicate a successful IVF pregnancy:

  • Tender Breasts: Hormonal changes can make your breasts feel tender and fuller than usual.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Morning sickness is common but can be more pronounced in some IVF pregnancies due to the additional hormones used during treatment.
  • Fatigue: The body works extra hard to support the growing fetus, leading to increased tiredness. This can be exacerbated by the emotional and physical toll of the IVF process.
  • Frequent Urination: As the embryo grows and the uterus expands, you may find yourself needing to urinate more frequently.
  • Mild Cramping: Some women report mild uterine cramping, which is generally considered normal unless accompanied by severe pain or bleeding.

Risks and Complications

IVF Complications

While IVF has made it possible for countless couples to conceive, it’s essential to be aware of the potential risks and complications associated with this form of assisted reproduction:

  1. Ectopic Pregnancy: In rare cases, the embryo may implant outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. It is characterised as an ectopic pregnancy and therefore needs immediate medical attention.
  2. Multiple Births: IVF increases the likelihood of multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.), which carry higher risks for both the mother and babies, such as preterm birth and low birth weight.
  3. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS): The medications used to stimulate the ovaries can sometimes lead to OHSS, a condition where the ovaries swell and leak fluid into the body.
  4. Miscarriage: While the risk of miscarriage in IVF pregnancies is roughly the same as in any other pregnancy, the emotional and financial investment often makes the loss particularly challenging.

IVF Babies

Are Babies Born Via IVF Different?

A common question that many prospective parents have is whether babies born via IVF are different from those conceived naturally. The answer is largely no, with a few caveats:

  1. Physical and Cognitive Development: Studies have shown that babies born via IVF generally reach the same developmental milestones as those conceived naturally. They grow at similar rates and show no significant differences in cognitive abilities.
  2. Health Risks: Babies born via IVF have the same rate of congenital malformations as naturally conceived babies. However, they may be at a slightly higher risk for low birth weight if multiple embryos were transferred.
  3. Genetic Screening: One advantage of IVF is the option for Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS), which can identify embryos with chromosomal abnormalities before implantation. This can be particularly beneficial for older parents or those with a history of genetic disorders.


The journey of IVF pregnancy is a special and unique adventure filled with its own set of rewarding experiences, opportunities for growth, and moments of joy. From the first steps of understanding the IVF process to navigating its distinct milestones, this path is a celebration of informed choices and proactive wellness. While IVF pregnancies may begin with expert medical guidance and benefit from enhanced monitoring in the early stages, they unfold into beautiful, full-fledged pregnancies that are every bit as magical as any other.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best IVF Specialist in Chandigarh.

Do take an appointment with the best Gynaecologist in Chandigarh at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here 

Epilepsy in Children: Causes & Symptoms

Epilepsy in Children

Author – Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS
Consultant – Paediatric Neurologist at Motherhood Chaitanya Hospital, Chandigarh

Epilepsy in Children: Causes & Symptoms

Epilepsy or seizure disorder is one of the most common childhood brain disorders. It can result in repeated seizures. According to Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS, Fellowship Paediatric Neurology and Epilepsy, DCH, DNB, Consultant- Paediatric Neurologist, about two-thirds of all children with epilepsy outgrow their seizures till they reach their teenage. For some children, however, epilepsy may remain a lifelong condition. In any case, any kind of seizure in children should be brought to the immediate attention of the best paediatrician in Chandigarh.

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition of the brain that makes children susceptible to recurrent or unprovoked seizures. Anything that interrupts the normal connections between the nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. According to the paediatrician in Chandigarh, a seizure may also accompany a high fever, low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion.

What are Seizures?

The brain consists of nerve cells that communicate with each other through electrical activity. A seizure occurs when a part or parts of the brain receive a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily block or interrupt normal electrical brain function.

What are the Symptoms of a Seizure?

The child may have varying degrees of symptoms depending on the type of seizure. The best paediatrician in Chandigarh lists general symptoms that are warning signs for seizures:

  1. Stiffening of the body.
  2. Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
  3. Staring continuously without any movement.
  4. Loss of consciousness.
  5. Breathing problems.
  6. Loss of bowel or bladder control.
  7. Falling suddenly without any reason, especially with loss of consciousness.
  8. Not responding to noise or words for brief periods.
  9. Appearing confused or in a haze.
  10. Periods of rapid eye blinking.

Apart from this, some children may show bluish lips or breathing issues. The movements are often followed by a period of sleep or disorientation. Apart from this, the symptoms of a seizure may resemble other medical conditions. In such cases, consult a paediatric neurologist in Chandigarh.

What are the Causes of Seizure?

A child may experience one or many different types of seizures. Although the exact cause of seizures is not known, the common seizures are caused by:

  1. Birth trauma.
  2. Congenital problems.
  3. Metabolic or chemical imbalances in the body.
  4. Trauma to the head.
  5. Infection.
  6. Alcohol or drugs.
  7. Brain tumour.
  8. Drug withdrawal.
  9. Neurological problems.
  10. Certain medications.

What are the Treatments of Seizure?

The specific treatment for seizure will depend on your child’s condition, such as:

  1. Extent of the condition.
  2. Type of seizure.
  3. Your child’s age, overall health, and medical history.
  4. Cause of seizure.

The goal of seizure management is to control, stop, or decrease the frequency of the seizures without interfering with the child’s normal growth and development. The best paediatrician in Chandigarh follows the below strategy:

  1. Proper diagnosis of the seizure type.
  2. Using specific medications for the type of seizure.
  3. Using fewer medications to achieve sufficient control.
  4. Maintaining medication levels.

The medications for epilepsy are selected based on the type of seizure, age of the child, side effects, cost, and adherence to the use of the medication. You need to stick to the medication chart prescribed by your paediatrician. Moreover, these medications can also have side effects. Hence, discuss these side effects and their management with the physician.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced specialists backed by the cutting edge facilities. We have the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh.

Do take an appointment with the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Monika Chhajed, please book your appointment here

Dyslexia in Children: Causes and Symptoms

Dyslexia in Children

Author – Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS
Consultant – Paediatric Neurologist at Motherhood Chaitanya Hospital, Chandigarh

Dyslexia in Children: Causes and Symptoms

Each child learns and develops at his own pace and reading is no different from any other skill. According to Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS, Fellowship Paediatric Neurology and Epilepsy, DCH, DNB, Consultant- Paediatric Neurologist, it is common for children to find reading challenging at some point or another. If, however, learning to read becomes a struggle, they may have a learning disorder or dyslexia. If you notice that your child is finding it difficult to read, consult the best paediatric neurologist in Chandigarh at the earliest.

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is associated with trouble learning to read. It affects the child’s ability to recognize and manipulate the sounds in language. Dr Monika Chhajed tells us that children with dyslexia go through a difficult time decoding new works or even breaking them into chunks to sound out. This leads to difficulty with reading, writing, and spelling. A lot of people believe that dyslexia reflects a child’s intelligence. It is, however, not true. Dyslexia can be thought of as a gap between a student’s ability and achievement. Some children with dyslexia even cope with their peers. Their strength, however, begins to reduce after the third grade or so.

What Causes Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is caused by individual differences in the parts of the brain that enable reading. It often runs in families. Dyslexia is also linked to certain genes that affect how the brain processes reading and language. If you have a family history of dyslexia or learning disabilities, visit the best paediatric neurologist in Chandigarh for consultation.

What are the Symptoms of Dyslexia?

Research has shown that one in five kids have dyslexia. According to the best paediatric neurologist in Chandigarh, a young child with dyslexia may:

  1. Struggle with learning even simple poems.
  2. Have trouble following directions.
  3. Have speech delay.
  4. Repeat or omit short words.

In school, a child with dyslexia may:

  1. Have difficulty sounding or learning new words.
  2. Lack of fluency compared to other children of their age.
  3. Reverse letters and numbers while reading.
  4. Struggle with rhyming.
  5. Have difficulty spelling common words.
  6. Avoid reading altogether.

Outside of school, a child with dyslexia may:

  1. Struggle to decode logos and signs.
  2. Find it difficult to learn the rules of a game.
  3. Have difficulty keeping track of directions.
  4. Struggle with telling time.
  5. Find it difficult to learn another language.
  6. Become frustrated.

What can Parents Do?

Being a parent, you play a significant role in helping your child succeed. You can take simple steps such as:

    1. Address The Problem Early:
      If you notice any sign of dyslexia, visit the best paediatricians in Chandigarh for consultation. Early diagnosis will lead to early intervention & better results.
    2. Read Aloud with Your Child:
      Befriend your child and read aloud with them. Introduce books as a toy to them and encourage fun learning. Read them bedtime stories or try listening to recorded books.
    3. Work With Your Child’s School:
      Children with dyslexia often find it difficult to cope with their peers in school. This leads to embarrassment and frustration. To avoid this, you can talk to their teacher and help your child succeed.

Dyslexia can be challenging for both children and their parents. As a parent, you must keep patience and take one small step at a time with your child. You can consult Dr Monika Chhajed at the Motherhood Hospitals for diagnosis and treatment of dyslexia.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced specialists backed by the cutting edge facilities. We have the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh.

Do take an appointment with the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Monika Chhajed, please book your appointment here

Everything You Need to Know About Autism

Everything You Need to Know About Autism

Author – Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS
Consultant – Paediatric Neurologist at Motherhood Chaitanya Hospital, Chandigarh

Everything You Need to Know About Autism

Autism is a complex neurobehavioural condition that impairs the social interaction, developmental language, and communication skills of a child.  According to Dr Monika Chhajed, MBBS, Fellowship Paediatric Neurology and Epilepsy, DCH, DNB, Consultant Paediatric Neurologist, every 1 in 59 children are diagnosed with autism these days. This steady increase is also due to the increasing recognition and diagnosis of the condition. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the better it is to provide appropriate treatments. Hence, the cases of autism should be promptly brought to the attention of the best child Neurologist in  Chandigarh.

What is Autism?

According to the best child Neurologist doctor in Chandigarh, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or autism refers to a broad group of neurodevelopmental conditions. These conditions are characterized by differences in communication and social interaction. Children with ASD often show restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour.

What are the Symptoms of Autism?

The symptoms of ASD are visible during early childhood between the ages of 12 and 24 months. The symptoms, however, may also appear earlier or later. The initial symptoms show a marked delay in language or social development. Broadly, a child with autism shows symptoms in verbal & non-verbal categories:

a. Problems with communication and social interaction.
b. Restricted or repetitive behaviour or activities.

a. Problems with communication and social interaction:

An autistic child may:

  • Show trouble maintaining eye contact.
  • Find it difficult to respond to their name
  • Not display facial expressions.
  • Do not pay interest in interactive games.
  • Speech Delay

b. Restricted or repetitive behaviour or activities:

An autistic child may:

  • Show repetitive movements including rocking, spinning or running back and forth.
  • Line objects in a strict order and get upset when the order is disturbed.
  • Show attachment to a strict routine.
  • Get upset over minor changes.
  • Show unusual reactions to taste, smell, or sound.

What are the Causes of Autism?

Although the exact cause of autism is not known yet the best child neurologist doctor in Chandigarh states certain risk factors for ASD:

  1. Having a sibling with ASP.
  2. Genetic conditions e.g.- Down’s Syndrome
  3. Very Low birth weight.
  4.  Metabolic imbalances.
  5.  Exposure to heavy metals or environmental toxins.
  6. Maternal exposure to certain medications.
  7. Maternal history of viral infections.

What are the Types of Autism?

The best child specialist in Chandigarh refers to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to diagnose different variety of psychiatric disorders. According to the manual, there are 4 different types of ASD. They are:

  1.  Autistic Disorder.
  2. Asperger Syndrome.
  3. Childhood Disintegrative disorder.
  4. PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.

What are the Treatments for Autism?

Unfortunately, autism has no cure. Supportive therapies, however, can help them feel better or alleviate certain symptoms. The therapies that can help your child include:

  1. Applied Behavioral Analysis.
  2. Play therapy.
  3. Occupational therapy.
  4. Physical therapy.
  5. Speech therapy.

Autism is a challenging disorder that should be treated at an early stage to avoid complications. Do not, however, self-administer any medication or fall for any alternative therapies.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced specialists backed by the cutting edge facilities. We have the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh.

Do take an appointment with the best Paediatric Neurologist in Chandigarh at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Monika Chhajed, please book your appointment here.

Tips to Soothe Your Baby During Teething

Tips to Soothe Your Baby During Teething

Author:Dr. Neeraj Kumar, MBBS, DCH, MD
Consultant: Paediatrician at Motherhood Chaitanya Hospital, Chandigarh

Tips to Soothe Your Baby During Teething

Teething is an inevitable part of your baby’s development. It can, however, also be a difficult time for parents as their babies struggle through the process. According to Dr Neeraj Kumar, MBBS, DCH, MD, Consultant-Paediatrician, the babies usually show crankiness or drooling during this period. Although the process is normal you can try to soothe them in the comfort of your home. If, however, you notice anything abnormal, consult the best paediatrician in sector 44 at the earliest.

When Does Teething Start?

Usually, most babies begin teething between the ages of 5 and 8 months. Some babies, however, can also show teething earlier or later than this age. Hence, you must monitor their symptoms and visit the paediatrician if you suspect anything abnormal.

What are the Symptoms of Teething?

The teething of babies starts with two bottom front teeth followed by the two top front teeth.
The other symptoms associated with teething include:

  1. Irritability or fussiness.
  2. Chewing.
  3. Excessive drooling.
  4. Sore or tender gums.
  5. Slight increase in temperature, but no fever.

Usually, teething is not associated with fever. If your baby, however, has a rash, fever, or diarrhoea, consult the best paediatrician in sector 44.

Tips to Soothe Your Baby During Teething

Teething in babies can be handled at home with certain home remedies as follows:

1. Give them a Gum Massage

Your baby is probably getting cranky due to the irritated and sore gums. When you see your baby crying, try giving them a cooling gum massage with a teething ring. Make sure that you purchase good quality teething toys. The toys should be of solid plastic and store them in your refrigerator. After every use, check your teething toys properly to ensure that they are not broken as it can cause choking.

2. Give them a Cooling Treat

Another way to deal with sore gums is by cooling them. Take a clean washcloth, soak it in water, and keep it in the freezer for at least 30-60 minutes. Cool the affected area with this frozen washcloth.

3. Become Your Baby’s Favourite Chew Toy

Depending on whether this is your baby’s first tooth or not, you can let your baby gum at your fingers. Make sure, however, that your fingers are clean. To make it more helpful, you can dip your fingers in cool water to help them calm their gums.

4. Apply Some Pressure

Rubbing your fingers on your baby’s gums with a little pressure can give them relief from the pain. Make sure, however, that your fingers are clean and dry.

5. Wipe and Repeat

A lot of people consider drooling to be normal and hence they let their baby sit with a wet face. This leads to rashes. Although you cannot wipe them every time, they drool make sure that you wipe them clean most of the time to avoid rashes.

6. Maintain Their Regular Routine

In your baby’s life, teething is going to be temporary. Do not let it hinder your baby’s bedtime routine. Stick to the same routine as much as possible so that they can fall asleep at the same time every day.

7. Give Them Medicine

Medicines should always be a last resort for your baby. Do not, however, self-administer, visit the best paediatrician in sector 44 for consultation.

Teething is one of your baby’s milestones you might have a love- and hate- relationship. As your little one grows, you might find yourself looking for tips and tricks to deal with temporary situations. In such cases, it is best to have expert advice from Dr. Neeraj Kumar at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best PaediatricIan in Chandigarh.

Do take an appointment with the best Paediatrician in Chandigarh at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Neeraj Kumar, please book your appointment here.

How to Tell If You Have Menopause Blues or Clinical Depression?

Author: Dr. Manisha Ranjan MBBS, MGO, FGO, DGO

Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital Noida Sector 48  

As we all know when a woman reaches her 50’s, the reproductive hormones naturally tend to decline. This not only terminates the period, but also brings about other physical and mental changes. Many people talk of mood changes being a normal part of the change of life or menopause. 

But not only are these hormones related to reproduction, but they also play a role in defining the person’s mood. For many women it may just be the menopause blues but for the rest, it may lead to depression. 

Here’s how to tell if you are experiencing menopause blues or if you have clinical depression. 

Perimenopause Phase

As you enter perimenopause, you may experience mood swings. It may be hard to tell if these are just temporary or symptoms of a more serious mental health problem. While many women go through menopause without experiencing depression, many women will experience depression either as a recurrence of previous depression or for the first time in their lives. Depression can make coping with menopause very difficult or impossible. It may impact relationships, professional, and personal life. 

Make a Menopause Journal

The best way to differentiate a normal menopause from depression is to analyse your mood. It will be ideal for you to start a journal that will help you track your mood, activity level, other menopause symptoms, and menstrual cycle for a period of three to four months. This will be convenient if you decide to talk about your symptoms over with a professional. 

What is Clinical Depression?

Clinical depression, also known as major depressive disorder or unipolar depression is a serious condition characterized by intense sadness or despair that lasts more than two weeks, and that interferes with your daily life. Major depression is typically characterized by symptoms such as sadness, feelings of emptiness, loss of enjoyment of hobbies, work, other activities, weight loss, insomnia, fatigue, loss of appetite  and constant thought of dying. 

Causes of Midlife Depression

There are ample reasons why women in their 40s may experience  depression; it may be biological, situational, or psychological. Factors such as hormonal changes, Response to loss Medical conditions and Drug and alcohol use may contribute to depression. 

Symptoms of depression while going menopause may be common, but they may vary depending on severity. Here’s how you can cope with menopause depression and the menopause blues.

Menopause and Age

Some studies suggest that the age of menopause and depression have found that women with longer reproductive period are likely to not get depressed, reason being longer exposure to estrogen produced by the body.

How to treat Menopausal Depression?

Symptoms of depression during menopause may be the same but they may vary in terms of severity. Try these methods of coping with menopause depression and the menopause blues. 

  •     It’s okay to feel sad or down for a day or two. Even grief following a major loss is normal for up to a year. But if these symptoms persist then it is mandatory to talk to a psychologist or a counselor about your condition.Or alternatively, you may seek  interpersonal or cognitive behavioral therapy as these two therapies have helped a lot of women dealing with depression.
  •     Natural remedies may be an effective way of managing depression for women who experience symptoms that are not so severe. You can try everything from special teas to herbal supplements to keep your symptoms in check.
  •     It is not common for women going through menopause to experience insomnia. Hot flashes and other physical changes can all affect your sleep cycle and eventually your mood. Focus on getting better sleep by meditating which may also improve your mood.
  •     There are several other women out there who are going through menopause and understand what it feels like firsthand. To understand your situation better, read a book on the subject, join a support group, or look up online. 

Menopause or depression symptoms are not uncommon in a woman’s life during this phase, but when these symptoms persist, it might be more than just menopause.

Perimenopause: Age, Stages, Symptoms & Treatment

Author: Dr. Suhasini Inamdar MBBS, MS (OBG)

Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital Indiranagar, Bangalore  

What is Perimenopause?

Perimenopause occurs among women during the natural transition period before menopause, when the reproductive functions begin to wane – this is the time when the ovaries reduce the amount of estrogen produced and it lasts till the point when the ovaries stop producing eggs. It normally lasts from around 40 years of age to 55, but in some women it can even start in their mid to late 30s. 

Perimenopause Symptoms

The level of estrogen is uneven during this time and the menstrual cycles become irregular. This means that bleeding could happen twice a month or happen once in two months, and there are cycles when the ovaries may not release an egg. The first sign for a woman who is approaching menopause is when the woman’s menstrual cycle is either infrequent or involves less bleeding. 

The common problems during this period are hot flashes, which is a feeling of intense heat and sweating with rapid heartbeat and usually occurs during the night. Other symptoms are sleep problems, vaginal dryness and mood swings due to the changes in hormone levels. Low estrogen could also lead to frequent vaginal and urinary infections. It is also possible that due to poor tissue tone, she could experience incontinence. This could also lead to psychiatric problems. The bone density also decreases, increasing the risk of osteoporosis – which causes fragile bones. Women could also develop male balding patterns due to the increase in ratio of testosterone as compared to estrogen and this may also lead to them developing extra facial hair. 

Lipid profiles also go haywire during this period and because of the reduced levels of estrogen, it could lead to an increase in LDL – bad cholesterol. Cardiac and cerebral strokes are also very common in perimenopause phase because of poor cholesterol levels. This period of perimenopause is expected to last around 5-10 years. 

Perimenopuse Diagnosis 

It is important for women to keep a track of their periods and the symptoms so that they can discuss it with their doctor. The doctor usually asks to do a test to make sure it is not a thyroid condition which also cases hormonal imbalance. The usual tests are Follicle Stimulating Hormone test. During menopause, the FSH levels increase and estrogen levels decrease. Prolactin levels are also tested to check if they are high, which signals approaching menopause. Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is another test that shows the ovarian reserve and when that is low, it also means she is heading towards menopause.

 The doctor also asks for certain blood tests and scans, to check the thickness of the endometrium. If the woman is not getting periods during perimenopause, the inner lining should not be very thick. If it is thick, they conduct other tests like hysteroscopy and D&C, pap-smear tests to rule out abnormalities like cervical cancer

Perimenopuase Treatment and Management 

Once menopause has been confirmed, the doctor may recommend medication and hormone replacement therapies to deal with the symptoms of perimenopause. The person may not necessarily need any treatment if the symptoms are not severe. But, there is a possibility that it may affect the quality of life – it is even possible for daily life to be affected if the symptoms are severe. 

Doctors might recommend psychiatric help for women who are having a difficult time with mood swings and irritability. Women also need to follow some basic lifestyle changes in order to deal with symptoms. For hot flashes, it is recommended that they sleep in a cool and airy place. A change of place during the hot flash may help as will drinking cool water. 

It is important to follow a good and nutritious diet and avoid fried food and sweets. The doctor will also recommend taking vitamins and supplements for getting the required nutrition. It is recommended they avoid or reduce intake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking as these increase the symptoms. Women can use lubricants to manage the problems of vaginal dryness. 

Exercise is a very important part of managing symptoms. It keeps one healthy and delays the problems of aging. Maintaining a positive attitude also helps a lot towards addressing mood swings and mental issues. Perimenopause is a very natural part of life and much of the symptoms can be handled naturally by just following a good lifestyle rather than depending on medications.  

Daily Nutrition Requirements For A Woman

balanced diet for women

Introduction to Daily Nutritional Requirements for Women

When it comes to healthy eating, your diet should encompass all the important nutrients that are required by your body to function as a healthy and strong unit.

Quick Fact:
On average, an adult woman requires between 1600 to 2400 calories a day.

Essential Nutrients for Women’s Health

A balanced diet comprises of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products and lean protein. An adult woman should make a habit of consuming the following nutrients every day:
Calcium: Bone health, along with the buildup of teeth and muscular function of the body corresponds to the requirement of calcium in the body. 1000 milligrams of calcium should be incorporated into the daily diet. Examples of calcium-rich foods: are milk, oranges, soybeans, okra etc.
Iron: Iron is required for the transportation of oxygen to body tissues through the haemoglobin content in the blood along with rendering the role of balancing hormones. A woman should at least consume 18 milligrams of iron each day. Examples: cauliflower greens, turmeric powder, cowpea leaves etc.
Vitamin D: Along with bone and muscular health, it is required for the proper functioning of the immune system and glucose metabolism. It should be taken at least 15 micrograms each day. Examples: Egg yolk, crimini mushroom, oranges etc.
Vitamin E: It helps in boosting the immunity of the individual along with acting as an antioxidant and regulator of inflammation. With respect to its vivid role in the body, it should be consumed at least 15 milligrams each day. Examples: spinach, mustard greens, green leafy vegetables etc.
Magnesium: Being involved in the regulation of blood pressure and protein synthesis, it is important in the working of enzymes for protein synthesis. 310-320 milligrams of magnesium are required every day. Example: avocado, tofu, legumes etc.
Protein: They are important for growth and development, along with helping in the repairment of cells. On average, a woman should consume about 46 grams of protein. Examples: chickpeas, kidney peas, green peas etc.
The daily amount of nutrient intake can change at different stages of life, like during pregnancy where the intake of folic acid is supplemented for feeding an extra life in the body.

Hormonal Imbalance: Treatment Options To Help Balance Your Hormones

treatments for Hormonal imbalances

Hormones are chemicals produced in the endocrine glands that coordinate and work as messengers. In the overall health of an individual, hormones control major processes of the body. However, there can be an imbalance in their levels where they can be too little or too much that can affect the overall working of the body. Even little changes can relate to many symptoms that point towards hormonal imbalance.

Understanding Hormonal Imbalances: Causes and Symptoms

Hormonal imbalances can be temporary as well as chronic, where some can affect your daily life while others may not impact your health. There are many medical conditions caused by hormonal issues like irregular menstruation, diabetes, infertility, acne, thyroid disease, obesity etc. While hormonal levels can fluctuate at different stages of life like puberty or pregnancy, there can other reasons for their irregularity like stress, medications, steroid usage, etc. Chronic hormonal changes can be attributed to many possible causes, like tumours, injuries to the endocrine gland, or any autoimmune disease.

Treatment Options for Hormonal Imbalances

The treatment for such a condition will depend on its cause, whereas in the case of low levels, the treatment will include hormone replacement therapy. Oral medications like pills and injections may be prescribed depending upon the hormone that is deficient in a person. For example, if a person has a deficiency of growth hormone, he may be prescribed shots of synthetic growth hormone. In case of having high-level hormones, treatment options can vary like medication, surgery, therapy etc. to balance the hormonal levels.

Natural and Lifestyle Remedies for Balancing Hormones

Besides, natural supplements have also been used to reduce the symptoms of hormonal imbalances, black cohosh, dong quai, red clover etc. for menopause-related conditions. There are also some lifestyle changes that may help to balance the levels of hormones, like maintaining body weight, eating a nutritious diet, exercising, personal hygiene, managing stress, limiting sugary foods, etc.

How To Care For Your Mental Health & Lead A Better Life

taking care of physical health

Mental health constitutes the overall emotional, psychological and social well-being of a person. To lead a happy and healthy life, mental health should be taken care of as it affects the overall health of an individual.

Importance of Mental Health for Overall Well-Being

Mental health affects the way a person can think, feel or act when it comes to coping with life and its pertaining issues. It is really important to take care of your mental health as it can help you to cope with the stresses of life, be physically active and healthy, have good relationships around you, contribute to the community’s well-being, work efficiently and productively, and come with your potential.

Ways to Take Care of Your Physical Health for Better Mental Health

• Staying positive and focused: It is important to balance your emotions to have a positive outlook that can influence your activities. It will help you to face negative emotions and respond in the best of ways. Besides, a positive attitude relates to a better focus towards your goals.
• Taking care of physical health: Mental health corresponds to the physical being where being physically active can reduce strain and depression. It can help you to stay in a good mood while practising some beneficial life hacks, like getting adequate sleep, having healthy food, practising meditation such as yoga and relaxation techniques etc.
• Connecting with others: Having some strong social relationships can help you to cope with stress and get involved with friends or family in building a connection.
• Developing coping skills and meaning of life: It is better to learn some methods that can help you get out of stressful situations along with going through new learning skills to explore your life.