Understanding Cervical Cancer: The Crucial Role of Early Preventive Health Checks

Author: Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha


Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

Location: Kharghar –

The fight against cervical cancer, a significant health concern for women, particularly those aged 45 and above, requires enhanced awareness and proactive measures. Despite the availability of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) screening, According to Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha, MBBS, DGO, Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, Kharghar, Mumbai, an increase in cervical cancer diagnosis highlights the need for vigilance. Staying informed, getting regular HPV vaccinations, and undergoing screenings are essential steps to prevent this disease.

The Nature of Cervical Cancer:

Originating in the cervix’s cell lining, the lower part of the uterus, cervical cancer is chiefly caused by persistent infections with high-risk HPV strains, a common sexually transmitted infection. Often labeled as a silent killer, cervical cancer may progress without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding (including bleeding between periods or post-intercourse), foul-smelling or blood-tinged vaginal discharge, and pelvic pain during intercourse or daily activities can signal the presence of advanced cervical cancer, necessitating immediate medical attention.

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha’s Insights:

“Cervical cancer requires heightened awareness, especially in rural areas. Urban detection rates have improved, with 20-25% of women now aware of the risks compared to just 5% previously. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, are critical for early detection. Unfortunately, a decrease in routine screenings and preventive care, especially among younger women, has led to missed early detection opportunities. Lifestyle factors like smoking, obesity, and poor diet, along with shifting sexual behaviors and increasing high-risk HPV infections, are contributing to the rise in cases.”

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha further notes, “Among 50 patients, only 15-20 come for a Pap smear, indicating a growing but still insufficient awareness of cervical cancer and screening. Alarmingly, HPV vaccination rates among boys are low, with just 1-2% vaccinated compared to 80% of girls. Boys are equally susceptible to HPV and related health complications, including cancers of the mouth, throat, penis, and anus. Boosting HPV vaccination among boys is essential for comprehensive HPV prevention.”

Government Initiatives and Personal Preventive Measures:

To combat the increasing number of cervical cancer cases, the government plans to mandate HPV vaccinations in rural areas, enhancing awareness and preventive care. This initiative aligns with the growing demand for preventive health checkups.

Effective Prevention Strategies:

Cervical cancer is highly preventable. The HPV vaccine offers substantial protection against the virus responsible for most cervical cancers. Regular screenings, including Pap smears and HPV tests, aid in early detection and treatment. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms, can significantly reduce HPV transmission. Additionally, lifestyle factors play a pivotal role in prevention; maintaining a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.

While cervical cancer remains a significant health challenge, its prevention is achievable. Emphasizing early detection, vaccination, and healthy lifestyle choices empowers women to take charge of their health and well-being.

If you have cervical cancer, consult Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Kharghar, Mumbai. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best women’s care hospital in Mumbai at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha, please book your appointment here.


Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause Journey

Author : Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan


Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologis

Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause is not just a biological process; it’s a significant chapter in a woman’s life that merits understanding and attention, especially in the culturally rich and diverse landscape of India. As women approach their late 40s or early 50s, they embark on a journey that marks the end of their reproductive years. According to Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, MBBS, MD(OBG), Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist , This phase, often shrouded in silence and stigma, needs to be discussed openly to empower women. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of embracing this change with awareness and confidence. This article delves deep into the nuances of menopause in the Indian context, exploring its symptoms, the efficacy of hormone therapy, and the essentiality of a healthy lifestyle tailored for Indian women. Our aim is to guide and support women through this natural yet often misunderstood phase of life.

In India, menopause is a topic that is rarely discussed openly, leading to a lack of awareness and preparedness among many women. The journey through menopause can be bewildering without proper information and support. This article serves as a comprehensive guide, shedding light on what to expect and how to navigate the changes both physically and emotionally. With a focus on the unique aspects of Indian culture and healthcare, we aim to provide insights that resonate with the experiences of Indian women, ensuring that they do not feel alone in this journey. Understanding menopause is the first step towards managing its challenges effectively, and Motherhood Hospitals is dedicated to being a trusted partner in this journey.

Understanding Menopause

Menopause, medically defined as the cessation of menstruation for 12 consecutive months, signifies the end of a woman’s natural reproductive period. In the Indian context, the average onset of menopause is around 49 years, though it can vary widely. The perimenopausal phase, leading up to menopause, is characterized by fluctuating hormone levels, resulting in irregular menstrual cycles. This phase is crucial for Indian women, who often balance complex roles in both their personal and professional lives. Early recognition of perimenopausal symptoms enables women to seek timely advice and support, which is particularly important in a culture where such topics might be less openly discussed.

The journey to menopause is unique for every woman, but in India, it is often influenced by factors like lifestyle, diet, and genetic predispositions. Understanding these individual differences is vital in providing personalized care and support. Women may experience a range of symptoms, from hot flashes and mood swings to more subtle changes like sleep disturbances and decreasing bone density. Awareness and education about these symptoms are key to empowering Indian women to take proactive steps towards their health. At Motherhood Hospitals, we focus on providing culturally sensitive and informed care, helping women navigate this transition with knowledge and confidence. Recognizing and understanding the early signs of menopause can lead to better management of this life stage, emphasizing the importance of regular health check-ups and open conversations with healthcare professionals.

Common Symptoms and Hormone Therapy Options

Common Symptoms of Menopause in India The symptoms of menopause in Indian women can be as varied as the cultural tapestry of the country itself. Predominant symptoms include hot flashes, a feeling of intense heat that spreads over the body, often accompanied by sweating and flushing. These can be particularly challenging in the Indian climate, especially during the warmer months. Mood swings are another common symptom, manifesting as sudden tears or irritability. This emotional volatility can be perplexing not just for the women experiencing them but also for their families, necessitating a supportive and understanding environment.

In addition to these, Indian women often report sleep disturbances, which can range from insomnia to disrupted sleep patterns. Vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse are also noted, but these symptoms are less frequently discussed due to cultural sensitivities. It’s important to highlight that these changes are natural and manageable with the right approach. The varied diet and lifestyle across different regions of India can also influence the intensity and nature of these symptoms. Therefore, a personalized approach to symptom management, acknowledging these cultural and regional differences, is crucial in providing effective care at Motherhood Hospitals.

Hormone Therapy Options in India

Hormone therapy (HT) is a significant medical intervention for managing menopause symptoms in India, offering relief from hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. However, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. The decision to use hormone therapy must be made on an individual basis, considering the woman’s health history, severity of symptoms, and personal preferences. Indian women, like their counterparts globally, must weigh the benefits against the potential risks, such as a slightly increased risk of certain diseases when using HT for prolonged periods.

In the Indian healthcare context, the availability of hormone therapy and the awareness of its benefits and risks vary. At Motherhood Hospitals, our approach is to provide comprehensive information, allowing women to make informed decisions about their health. We discuss the types of hormone therapies available, including systemic estrogen, which is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, and low-dose vaginal products for localized symptoms. Alternative and complementary therapies are also gaining popularity in India, with many women seeking natural or plant-based remedies. It’s vital to discuss these options with healthcare professionals to understand their efficacy and safety.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices and The Role of Self-Care

Healthy Lifestyle Choices During Menopause Adopting a healthy lifestyle is paramount for Indian women navigating the menopausal transition. A balanced diet, rich in calcium and vitamin D, is essential for bone health, as menopause increases the risk of osteoporosis. Indian diets, traditionally rich in vegetables and grains, can be optimized by including more leafy greens, dairy products, and foods fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Regular physical activity is another cornerstone of a healthy menopausal journey. Exercises such as yoga, which is deeply rooted in Indian culture, not only help in maintaining a healthy weight but also reduce stress and improve mood, countering some of the psychological symptoms of menopause.

Another aspect of a healthy lifestyle is stress management, particularly crucial in the fast-paced life many Indian women lead. Practices like meditation, mindfulness, and deep breathing exercises can be immensely beneficial. In addition, getting adequate sleep is vital for overall well-being. Sleep disturbances, common during menopause, can be mitigated through good sleep hygiene practices like maintaining a regular sleep schedule and creating a comfortable sleep environment. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of these lifestyle modifications, offering guidance tailored to the unique needs of Indian women during this transitional phase.

The Role of Self-Care and Support

Self-care during menopause goes beyond physical health; it encompasses emotional and mental well-being. For Indian women, this might mean taking time out for themselves, engaging in activities they enjoy, or simply resting. It’s a time to prioritize their own health and needs, often a challenging task in a culture where women are accustomed to putting their family’s needs first. Emotional support from family, friends, and peers who are going through similar experiences can be incredibly valuable. Sharing experiences and coping strategies can help in normalizing the menopause transition and reducing feelings of isolation.

Moreover, professional support from healthcare providers is crucial. At Motherhood Hospitals, we offer counseling and support groups where women can discuss their concerns and learn from the experiences of others. These forums provide a safe space to talk about sensitive issues like sexual health and emotional changes, which are often not discussed openly in Indian society. Empathy, understanding, and informed guidance from healthcare professionals can make a significant difference in how women experience and manage menopause. By fostering an environment of care and support, we aim to empower women to embrace this phase of life with confidence and positivity.

Motherhood Hospitals: A Partner in the Menopause Journey

At Motherhood Hospitals, we understand the multifaceted challenges Indian women face during menopause. Our commitment is to provide a holistic approach to menopausal care, combining medical expertise with empathetic support. We offer a range of services tailored to the needs of menopausal women, including specialized health check-ups, hormone therapy consultations, and dietary advice. Recognizing the importance of mental and emotional well-being, we also provide counseling services and support groups, facilitating a supportive community for women undergoing similar experiences.

Our approach is grounded in the understanding that menopause is not merely a medical condition but a significant life transition. Therefore, we emphasize education and awareness, empowering women with the knowledge they need to navigate this phase confidently. From understanding the physiological changes to managing symptoms effectively, our healthcare professionals are dedicated to providing personalized care. We also encourage women to participate actively in their health decisions, fostering a sense of control and positivity towards the menopause journey. At Motherhood Hospitals, we stand as a trusted ally, guiding women through this transition with care, respect, and expertise.

Embracing menopause with confidence is a journey of self-discovery and adaptation. This transition, while challenging, offers an opportunity for women to focus on their health and well-being in new ways. Through this article, we have explored the various facets of menopause in the Indian context, highlighting the importance of understanding symptoms, exploring treatment options like hormone therapy, adopting healthy lifestyle choices, and the indispensable role of self-care and support.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we are committed to supporting women through every stage of this journey. We believe that with the right information, care, and support, menopause can be a phase of life approached with assurance and positivity. As women in India and around the world navigate this natural transition, it is our hope that they do so with an empowered and informed perspective, embracing the change as an integral part of the extraordinary journey of womanhood.

Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, please book your appointment here.

Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Understanding the Importance of Women’s Heart Health in India: Heart health is a critical issue for women in India, where changing lifestyle patterns and socio-economic conditions have led to an increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Traditionally perceived as a lesser risk for women, heart diseases are now being recognized as a significant health concern. According to Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist the need for awareness and proactive measures is more crucial than ever, as these conditions not only impact individual lives but also pose a broader social and economic challenge.

Redefining Awareness and Action for Heart Health: The conversation around heart health in India has predominantly focused on men, leaving women’s unique health needs in the shadows. This article aims to bridge that gap by shedding light on the distinct risk factors, symptoms, and preventive strategies pertaining to heart health in women. It emphasizes the critical role of regular health screenings and lifestyle choices in mitigating heart disease risks, and how early intervention can significantly improve health outcomes.

Unique Risks for Women’s Heart Health in India

Prevalence and Impact on Indian Women: Heart disease in Indian women is a growing concern, with studies indicating a rising trend in cardiac issues among this demographic. While traditionally heart diseases were associated with men, the reality today is starkly different. For Indian women, heart health risks escalate particularly post-menopause, but younger women are not immune. Factors like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol play a significant role, along with a lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis contributing to the severity of the situation.

Age-Related Risks and Menopause: The risk of heart diseases in women significantly changes with age. Prior to menopause, women generally have a lower risk of heart diseases compared to men, partly due to the protective effects of estrogen. However, this risk increases post-menopause, when estrogen levels decline, leading to an increased risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart failure. Understanding these age-related risks is crucial for effective prevention and management of heart diseases in women.

Gender-Specific Symptoms and Diagnosis Challenges

Atypical Symptoms in Women: Heart attack symptoms in women often differ from the classic symptoms experienced by men. While chest pain is a common symptom for both genders, women are more likely to experience atypical symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, back or jaw pain, and fatigue. This divergence in symptoms can lead to misdiagnosis or delayed treatment, as these symptoms are often mistaken for less severe conditions.

Gender Disparities in Heart Health Care: The healthcare system has historically been more attuned to male-centric symptoms and treatment of heart diseases, leading to disparities in how women’s heart health issues are diagnosed and managed. Women are less likely to receive aggressive treatment post-heart attack and are more likely to have their symptoms dismissed or misdiagnosed. This gap in healthcare, compounded by socio-cultural factors that often prioritize men’s health, places women at a higher risk of adverse outcomes.

Lifestyle Factors Influencing Heart Health

Diet, Exercise, and Stress: Lifestyle choices play a significant role in heart health. For Indian women, balancing professional and personal responsibilities often leads to neglecting dietary needs and physical activity. A diet high in trans-fats, sugar, and salt, coupled with sedentary habits, contributes significantly to heart disease risk. Moreover, chronic stress, common in fast-paced urban environments, exacerbates these risks, impacting heart health negatively.

Urban Lifestyle and Professional Stress: The urban lifestyle presents unique challenges for women’s heart health. Increased professional responsibilities and societal pressures can lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as poor diet and lack of exercise. Stress management is often overlooked, yet it is a crucial factor in preventing heart diseases. Emphasizing the importance of a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and stress reduction techniques is essential for heart health, particularly for women in urban settings.

The Importance of Regular Screenings and Early Detection

Emphasizing Heart Health Screenings: Regular health screenings play a pivotal role in early detection of heart diseases, particularly for women. In India, where health check-ups are often neglected, especially among women, emphasizing the importance of regular screenings is crucial. Screenings like blood pressure checks, cholesterol levels, ECGs, and stress tests should be a routine part of healthcare, especially for those with a family history of heart diseases or other risk factors such as diabetes or obesity.

The Significance of Early Detection: Early detection of heart diseases can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of severe complications. For Indian women, understanding and recognizing the early signs of heart issues is key. Awareness campaigns and health education should focus on educating women about symptoms and the necessity of timely medical consultation. This can not only save lives but also reduce the long-term impact of heart diseases on women’s health.

Prevention Strategies and Healthy Lifestyle Habits

Diet and Exercise for Heart Health: A heart-healthy diet and regular exercise are fundamental in preventing heart diseases. For Indian women, incorporating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins is essential. Limiting the intake of saturated fats, trans fats, and sugars can also contribute to better heart health. Additionally, engaging in regular physical activities like brisk walking, yoga, or swimming can help maintain a healthy weight, reduce stress, and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Stress Management and Mental Well-being: Mental health and stress management are integral to preventing heart diseases. Chronic stress, common among women juggling multiple roles, can have adverse effects on heart health. Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and adequate rest are vital for mental well-being. Creating a supportive environment, both at home and at work, can help in managing stress and promoting heart health. Community support groups and counseling can also be beneficial in addressing mental health concerns that impact heart health.


Emphasizing the Priority of Women’s Heart Health: The significance of heart health for women in India cannot be overstated. In a landscape where lifestyle changes and socio-economic factors contribute to rising cardiovascular risks, it becomes imperative to focus on proactive health management. Recognizing the unique challenges women face regarding heart diseases, from atypical symptoms to gender-specific risk factors, is a crucial step towards better health outcomes.

Advocating for Comprehensive Health Strategies: To effectively combat heart diseases in women, a multi-faceted approach is needed. This involves not only individual efforts in terms of regular health screenings and adopting healthier lifestyle choices but also broader initiatives from healthcare systems and policymakers. By ensuring that women’s heart health is addressed with the same diligence and urgency as men’s, we can begin to close the gap in healthcare disparities.

The Role of Community and Support Networks: The fight against heart diseases in women is not just a medical challenge but a social one as well. Building strong support networks, increasing community awareness, and promoting education about heart health are integral. Empowering women with the knowledge and resources to manage their heart health effectively can lead to a transformative shift in the way heart diseases are perceived and treated in India.

Looking Forward to a Healthier Future: As we move forward, the goal should be to create an environment where women’s heart health is a priority, not an afterthought. Encouraging regular medical check-ups, fostering environments that support mental well-being, and advocating for gender-specific research in heart health are key. Together, we can work towards a future where every woman in India has the opportunity to lead a heart-healthy life.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

A holistic approach to well-being involves bringing these three aspects (mind, body & soul) of the self into balance to create harmony and health. As we become balanced and harmonious, the unavoidable pressures of life have less impact on us. We respond to situations more consciously, and our interactions with people & situations become more purposeful, calm, and relaxed. We feel union and harmony everywhere, whether it’s an office meeting, a small talk with our kids, or a social affair. Our outer world reflects the same perspective that we feel in our harmonious inner world. Live up, connect the elements of your existence, and find more meaning in life.

Get some fresh air

It’s difficult to find a place in the city where you can breathe fresh air. Because of that, never forget to use your vacation to give yourself the time to visit the countryside or any place close to nature. Surely, your body will thank you for the fresh air you’ll give it.

Energize morning routine

It’s been proven that at least 30 minutes of exercise every morning can improve your physical and mental health. If you can, start your day with jogging or exercise. Apart from that, also include a hearty meal in your morning routine to help you go through until lunchtime.


Find a warm and comfortable spot in your home or bedroom. Give yourself some quiet time. Make sure that there are no noisy people or cars around the time you meditate. Relax, breathe, and meditate.

Acknowledge your thoughts

If you have disturbing and sad thoughts, write them down and forget them. Keep a journal or diary with you all the time. Acknowledging those feelings, moods, and thoughts through writing can help you overcome them quickly and make your mind more resilient.

Stay away from the gadgets

According to research, staying on social media platforms for extended amounts of time has become one of the leading causes of stress and anxiety. While looking at beautiful pictures of successful people on the internet can be fun, it can cause you to look down on yourself and your life, which can lead to depression. Stop that, and free your soul and mind from the traffic that others on the internet desperately want you to see.


Never pass up the opportunity to travel. It’s beneficial for you. Traveling can give you an enlightening experience which can improve your body, mind, and soul’s alacrity. It can do that by forcing you out of your comfort zone, exposing you to other cultures, giving you new memorable experiences, and so on.


Give yourself time to relax. Permit it. In this modern day and age, it’s difficult for most people just to stop what they’re doing and relax. Most of them will say they must always work to survive. While your money can survive, surely you can’t. You don’t need to be against it.


You can do many things to strengthen your mind, body, and soul. While most of the things here are too obvious to do, many still need to follow any of the things listed here. Take these as a challenge and watch yourself improve in just a few weeks of discipline.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic lifestyle diseases will account for 70 percent of global deaths by 2030. Women worldwide face unique health concerns due to unhealthy ways of living. Most women are hardwired to look after families first without paying attention to their own health and in fact, neglecting it on most occasions. And this is further compounded if they are working women trying to balance home and work. Balancing home and work is a difficult process and requires considerable skill. This may lead to irregular food habits, skipping meals, lack of sleep, stress, lack of physical activity, addictions, and poor relationships—all of which contribute to the development of lifestyle diseases.

Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviors – smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and result in the development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some types of cancer.

Major lifestyle diseases in women

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Ways to keep lifestyle diseases at bay

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Regularly exercising
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Not smoking reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases by 80 percent.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases


Diabetes doubles the risk of a second heart attack and heart failure in women who have already had a heart attack. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than it does in men with risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol.

Metabolic syndrome

Women who have metabolic syndrome, which includes a large waist, high blood pressure, glucose intolerance, low HDL cholesterol, and high triglycerides, are more likely to develop heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.


Compared to men, women who smoke are more likely to experience a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases are all influenced by persistent, low-grade inflammation.


Stress, lack of sleep, and lack of physical activity contribute to weight gain. Stress also contributes to an increase in the levels of the hormone cortisol, which leads to inflammation in the body. Cortisol increases hunger and cravings, leading to weight gain. This may lead to pre-diabetes, high blood pressure, hormonal problems, and finally PCOS.

Unhealthy eating habits

Unhealthy meal patterns and irregular meal timings lead to hidden hunger, which means loss of micronutrients leading to deficiencies and other disorders.


Heart disease is the leading cause of preventable death among women. Women are at a high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes as early as 35 years of age.


Women have greater overall cholesterol levels than males do after menopause. Triglyceride levels are a significant factor. Before menopause, a woman’s own estrogen helps protect her from lifestyle diseases, especially heart disease, by increasing HDL (good) cholesterol and decreasing LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Ways to avoid lifestyle diseases?

Adopting healthy behaviors, improving physical activity, stopping tobacco, a high-fiber, low-fat diet to control body weight, good sleeping habits, avoiding excessive alcohol, coping with stress, and seeking support as needed, reduce the risk of death due to lifestyle diseases.

5 Treatment Modalities to Manage Menopause

modalities to manage menupause

AuthorDr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology

5 Treatment Modalities to Manage Menopause 


Menopause refers to the cessation of periods or menses. It is a natural process of ageing caused by the depletion of ovarian reserves as well as the fall of hormones including oestrogen and progesterone. According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology,  the average age of menopause is between 40-45 years. Some women, however, may experience menopause even before the age of 40. In such cases, you should consult a doctor and get yourself treated as soon as possible.  

What Causes Menopause? 

Menopause occurring before the age of 40 refers to premature menopause. It is caused by premature ovarian failure and occurs in rare cases close to 2%. In some cases, it might also be caused by:

1. Surgery: Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) or Oophorectomy (removal of uterus and ovaries). 

2. Radiation: Certain radiations can also cause your ovarian reserves to deplete and lead to menopause. 

What is Perimenopause? 

Perimenopause refers to the transition years of menopause. It is a time before and after the date of the final episode of menstrual flow. According to the best laparoscopic gynaecology doctors in Gurgaon, the transition is of 3 phases, that is, pre-menopause, menopause, and post-menopause. This transition in total can last for 4 to 8 years and even up to 12 years In some people.  

What are the Symptoms of Menopause? 

Perimenopause and menopause may cause various physical, emotional, and psychological changes in women. Dr. Shweta Wazir tells us that the period between perimenopause and menopause can lead to varying degrees of signs and symptoms. The common problems include: 

1. Hot flashes. 

2. Vaginal dryness. 

3. Night sweats. 

4. Irregular periods. 

5. Weight gain. 

6. Mood changes. 

7. Decreased metabolism. 

8. Thinning of hair. 

9. Dry skin. 

Periods are often skipped during perimenopause. If you, however, experience irregular periods during this time, a pregnancy may be suspected.  

What are the Treatment Modalities for Menopause? 

According to the best laparoscopic gynaecology doctors in Gurgaon, the treatment modalities for menopausal symptoms include: 

1. Hormonal Therapy: 

Since menopause is caused by the depletion of the oestrogen hormone. Hence, oestrogen therapy remains the cornerstone of menopause treatment. Depending on your condition, your doctor may also add progesterone to the therapy for effective results. 

2. Vaginal Oestrogen: 

Oestrogen can also be administered directly to the vagina in the form of cream, tablet, or ring to relieve vaginal dryness. The oestrogen released from these is absorbed directly into the vaginal tissues and helps in dealing with urinary symptoms. 

3. Selective Oestrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMS): 

SERMs include a separate category of drugs that act directly on the oestrogen receptors in the body. These drugs not only reduce the chances of breast cancer but also prevent osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. 

4. Antidepressants: 

A low dose of antidepressants can also be prescribed in some cases to deal with hot flashes. These are usually prescribed for women who cannot take oestrogen due to other medical conditions. These are also prescribed for women with a history of depression or a mood disorder. 

5. Gabapentin 

Another drug, gabapentin may be prescribed to reduce hot flashes. This drug is also indicated only for women who cannot take oestrogen or who also have migraines. 

Apart from treatment modalities, certain lifestyle modifications can also help you in dealing with menopausal symptoms. A balanced diet, regular exercise, enough sleep, and relaxation techniques also improve your health.  

If you are on the verge of menopause and are experiencing any of such symptoms, visit Dr Preety Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals for expert guidance. 

Best Treatment Options for Infertile Women Above the Age of 40 

Best Treatment Options for Infertile Women Above the Age of 40_

Author Dr Asha Baxi


Consultant- Obstetrician, Gynaecologist & Infertility specialist

Best Treatment Options for Infertile Women Above the Age of 40 

According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 30% of women between the age of 40-44 experience infertility. The chances of getting pregnant are highly reduced by the age of 40 years. Dr Asha Baxi, MBBS, FICOG, FRCOG, MS, Consultant- Obstetrician, Gynaecologist & Infertility specialist, tells us that only 5% of women at the age of 40 get pregnant. If you are above 40 and planning to start a family, it is important to visit the top IVF doctor in Indore to discuss your treatment options. 

What Are the Fertility Treatments After 40? 

The assisted reproductive technology or ART from the best IVF doctor in Indore can allow you to get pregnant even after the age of 40. ART includes various techniques including intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The age of conceiving, however, can also greatly affect the method of fertility treatment. For instance, IUI success rates are lower than 5% in women over the age of 40. 

IVF, on the other hand, has greater success rates for older women ranging to 15% per cycle. The lower percentage is because of the deterioration of egg quality. As a woman gets older, the eggs in her ovaries begin to deteriorate. These damaged eggs make it harder to conceive as well as pass chromosomal abnormalities to children. Upon visiting the fertility specialist in Indore, the doctor will examine the quality of your eggs and the chances of chromosomal abnormalities in your children. If the percentages are high and your eggs are not meeting the standards, the doctor will recommend egg donation.  

The success rate of IVF with donor eggs can be as high as 35% for older women. Despite surmounting success rates, your child won’t share the same genetic makeup as yours due to egg donation. This can make the procedure difficult for couples.  

 What Are the Pregnancy Risks After 40? 

 Advanced science and technology have enabled a woman to get pregnant even after the age of 40. At this stage, however, the women face unique challenges and risks that can make the entire procedure difficult.  

 Becoming pregnant after the age of 40 can increase your risk for: 

1. Caesarean delivery (C-section). 

2. High blood pressure. 

3. Preeclampsia. 

4. Gestational diabetes. 

5. Premature labour and birth.  

 Apart from the above, a report has found that more than 34% of pregnancies in women between the age of 40-44 years end in miscarriage. This rate is up to 53% for women above the age of 45.  

Getting pregnant at or above the age of 40 without fertility treatments can put you and the health of your child at risk. If you are over the age of 40 and wish to conceive, seek help from Dr Asha Baxi at the Motherhood IVF. The fertility specialist will evaluate your health with different tests to assess your risk of infertility or miscarriage. Following evaluation, the doctor will suggest a proper treatment plan to help you conceive and have a child.  

Menopause and Urinary Symptoms

Menopause and Urinary Symptoms

Author: Dr. Tejinder Kaur MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali

Menopause on average starts at the age of 51 in most women. This causes changes in the female body including urinary function. According to Dr Tejinder Kaur, MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board Training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Consultant-Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, bladder symptoms become more likely as you get older due to the lack of oestrogen in the body. Around two-thirds of women in their menopause experience vaginal and bladder-related symptoms. If you feel such symptoms, consult the best gynaecologist in Mohali at the earliest. 

What are Bladder Symptoms? 

A lot of women start experiencing bladder symptoms during their menopause. These, however, are not inevitable and do not need to be entirely accepted. The top gynaecologist in Mohali enlists the most common symptoms you may experience during this time: 

  • Needing to pass urine more often during the day and night. 
  • Pain while urinating. 
  • Urgent urination. 
  • Bladder incontinence: It can be of two types: (a) Stress incontinence: leaking of urine when you cough, sneeze, exercise, or laugh. Some women also leak during sex. (b) Urge incontinence: when you urgently go to the loo but do not make it in time. 
  • Waking up several times during the night to urinate or nocturia. 
  • Dryness, itching, and burning in the vagina or on the vulva. 
  • Vaginal bleeding. 
  • Painful sexual intercourse. 
  • A reduction in the fullness of the vulva and the vagina. 
  • Urinary tract infections. 

What are the Causes of Bladder Symptoms? 

Falling oestrogen levels in our body play a significant role in causing bladder symptoms. Oestrogen is responsible for maintaining healthy tissues in the bladder, urethra, and vagina, and also supports the pelvis. The loss of oestrogen during menopause makes the tissues in your bladder more delicate and sensitive. Instead of filling with urine, the bladder tries to empty before filling and gets irritated. This leads to discomfort and pain. 

Apart from the bladder, the urethra and vagina may also be irritated. This leads to a condition called urogenital atrophy. 

Stress incontinence is caused by weak muscles in the pelvic floor. This can get worse in the perimenopause and menopause. In addition, this also occurs during childbirth, increasing age, and obesity. In general, any condition that puts extra pressure on the bladder can make stress incontinence worse. A prolonged condition may lead to chronic constipation and obesity. 

When Does Bladder Symptoms Start to Appear? 

The best gynaecologist in Mohali tells us that bladder symptoms become more likely as you get older due to a lack of oestrogen in the body. You will not likely experience such symptoms in your perimenopause phase. A perimenopause stage begins in the mid to late 40s in women. Menopause sets in when you have gone 12 months without your menstrual period.

How to Treat Menopausal Urinary Symptoms? 

Since a lack of oestrogen is the prime reason for urinary symptoms during menopause, hormonal therapy can help restore the vagina to its normal condition and relieve the symptoms. Usually, the top gynaecologist in Mohali recommends a low-dose oestrogen replacement along with lifestyle changes.  

If you are on the verge of menopause or are going through menopause along with urinary symptoms, consult Dr Tejinder Kaur at the Motherhood Hospitals. 

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Tejinder Kaur, please book your appointment here.

Common Causes of Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding in Postmenopausal Women 

Common Causes of Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding in Postmenopausal Women

Author: Dr. Ekawali Gupta MBBS, MS
Consultant: Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital Mohali

The average age of menopause is fifty-one years. It occurs when the ovaries no longer produce the oestrogen required for the normal menstrual cycle. After a woman is postmenopausal, further vaginal bleeding is not normal. According to Dr Ekawali Gupta, MBBS, MS, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, bleeding after menopause should be promptly evaluated. The best pregnancy doctor in Mohali should be consulted as postmenopausal bleeding could also be due to benign or malignant tumours. 

What is Postmenopausal Bleeding? 

Postmenopausal bleeding refers to bleeding that occurs after menopause. Menopause is a stage in a woman’s life when reproductive hormones drop along with menstrual periods. Vaginal bleeding occurring more than a year after a woman’s last period is not normal. The bleeding can either be light (spotting) or heavy. 

A laparoscopic surgeon in Mohali tells us that postmenopausal bleeding is usually due to benign (noncancerous) gynaecological conditions. It can, however also be due to uterine cancer. 

What are the Causes of Postmenopausal Bleeding? 

The common causes of spotting or bleeding after menopause include: 

  1. Endometrial or vaginal atrophy: It is a condition during which the lining of the uterus or vagina turns thin and dry.
  2. Hormone replacement therapy: Hormones including oestrogen and progesterone supplements can cause bleeding after menopause.
  3. Uterine or Endometrial cancer: Cancer in the lining of the uterus.
  4. Endometrial hyperplasia: It is a condition during which the lining of the uterus becomes too thick and contains abnormal cells.
  5. Uterine polyps: Abnormal growth in the uterus. 

Other causes include: 

  1. Cervical cancer: Cancer in the cervix.
  2. Cervicitis or endometritis: Infection or inflammation in the cervix or uterus.
  3. Bleeding from other organs including the bladder or rectum or skin of the vulva.

How is the Cause of Postmenopausal Bleeding Identified? 
When you visit the best pregnancy doctor in Mohali for postmenopausal bleeding, the doctor will identify the cause of the bleeding before starting treatment. It may include: 

  1. Physical examination of your vagina and cervix.
  2. Pap smear test to check cervical cells.
  3. Ultrasound of the vagina to check for uterine polyps.
  4. Biopsy of the endometrium or uterus to check the presence of cancerous cells. 

How is Postmenopausal Bleeding Treated? 

The treatment of postmenopausal bleeding will depend on its underlying cause. Medications and surgery are the common treatment modalities. 

Medications include: 

  1. Antibiotics to treat the infections of the cervix and uterus.
  2. Oestrogen to help reduce vaginal dryness.
  3. Progestin to treat endometrial hyperplasia. 

Surgeries include: 

  1. Hysteroscopy: During this procedure, the doctor will examine your cervix and uterus with a camera. To remove any growths, the hysteroscopy will also be done with tiny surgical instruments.
  2. Dilation and curettage: This is a procedure to sample the lining and contents of the uterus. This is usually done to treat endometrial hyperplasia.
  3. Hysterectomy: This is a surgery to remove your uterus and cervix. You may need a hysterectomy if you have uterine cancer. This is a minimally invasive procedure during which the laparoscopic surgeon in Mohali will make a small cut on your abdomen and remove the organs. 

Postmenopausal bleeding or even spotting is not normal. If you notice bleeding after a year of your menopause, visit Dr Ekawali Gupta at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

How Menopause Affects A Woman’s Health?

How Menopause Affects A Woman’s Health?

Author: Dr. Manisha Tomar MBBS, DNB, DGO
Consultant:  Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital Noida

Approaching middle age often brings increased stress, anxiety, and fear. This can partially be attributed to physical changes, such as decreasing levels of estrogen and progesterone. Hot flashes, sweating, and other symptoms of menopause may cause disruptions.

Menopause marks the end of your period and your reproductive years. Some women look forward to this change, while others do not. Most women, however, don’t welcome the symptoms that come with menopause – particularly regarding their mental health.

The definition of menopause is when you haven’t had a period for a full year. The average age of onset is 51. However, your body starts changing many years before you reach menopause. This stage is called perimenopause.

During perimenopause, your estrogen and progesterone levels begin to diminish. Once you reach menopause, your hormone levels stabilise. But, until then, the fluctuation of hormones can bring on many issues.

Some women experience mild symptoms for a short period. For others, symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, and memory problems are life-altering and last for several years.

These symptoms can affect your relationships, sleep, weight, and mental health. While menopause is a natural progression of life that every woman goes through, every woman also experiences it differently. Everyone feels sad once in a while. However, if you regularly feel sad, tearful, hopeless, or empty, you may be experiencing depression. Other symptoms of depression include:

  • Irritability, frustration, or angry outbursts
  • Anxiety, restlessness, or agitation
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy
  • Trouble concentrating or making decisions
  • Lapses in memory
  • Lack of energy
  • Sleeping too little or too much
  • Changes in your appetite
  • Unexplained physical pain

Understanding the risks of depression

Changing hormone levels during menopause may affect your physical and emotional health. Also, the rapid drop in estrogen may not be the only thing affecting your mood. The following factors may also make developing anxiety or depression during menopause more likely:

  • Negative feelings toward menopause or the idea of aging
  • Increased stress, either from work or personal relationships
  • Discontent about your work, living environment, or financial situation
  • Low self-esteem or anxiety
  • Not feeling supported by the people around you
  • Lack of exercise or physical activity
  • Smoking

Treating depression through lifestyle changes

Depression during menopause is treated with lifestyle changes, medications, therapy, or a combination of these options.

Some of the lifestyle factors which help:

  • Adequate sleep
  • Regular exercises
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Quitting smoking
  • Support groups

Treating depression through medications and therapy

If lifestyle changes don’t bring relief, your doctor may look at other treatment options such as:

  • Low-dose estrogen replacement therapy
  • Antidepressant drug therapy
  • Talk therapy

Depression during menopause is a treatable condition. It’s important to remember that several treatment options may help relieve symptoms and provide coping strategies. Talk with your doctor to discover what options may be the most effective.

At Motherhood Hospitals we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries, including various laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best womancare hospital in Gurgaon at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors, who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Shweta Wazir, please book your appointment here.