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Understanding Cervical Cancer: The Crucial Role of Early Preventive Health Checks

Understanding Cervical Cancer: The Crucial Role of Early Preventive Health Checks

Author: Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha


Consultant - Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

Location: Kharghar –

The fight against cervical cancer, a significant health concern for women, particularly those aged 45 and above, requires enhanced awareness and proactive measures. Despite the availability of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) screening, According to Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha, MBBS, DGO, Consultant - Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, Kharghar, Mumbai, an increase in cervical cancer diagnosis highlights the need for vigilance. Staying informed, getting regular HPV vaccinations, and undergoing screenings are essential steps to prevent this disease.

The Nature of Cervical Cancer:

Originating in the cervix's cell lining, the lower part of the uterus, cervical cancer is chiefly caused by persistent infections with high-risk HPV strains, a common sexually transmitted infection. Often labeled as a silent killer, cervical cancer may progress without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding (including bleeding between periods or post-intercourse), foul-smelling or blood-tinged vaginal discharge, and pelvic pain during intercourse or daily activities can signal the presence of advanced cervical cancer, necessitating immediate medical attention.

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha's Insights:

"Cervical cancer requires heightened awareness, especially in rural areas. Urban detection rates have improved, with 20-25% of women now aware of the risks compared to just 5% previously. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, are critical for early detection. Unfortunately, a decrease in routine screenings and preventive care, especially among younger women, has led to missed early detection opportunities. Lifestyle factors like smoking, obesity, and poor diet, along with shifting sexual behaviors and increasing high-risk HPV infections, are contributing to the rise in cases."

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha further notes, "Among 50 patients, only 15-20 come for a Pap smear, indicating a growing but still insufficient awareness of cervical cancer and screening. Alarmingly, HPV vaccination rates among boys are low, with just 1-2% vaccinated compared to 80% of girls. Boys are equally susceptible to HPV and related health complications, including cancers of the mouth, throat, penis, and anus. Boosting HPV vaccination among boys is essential for comprehensive HPV prevention."

Government Initiatives and Personal Preventive Measures:

To combat the increasing number of cervical cancer cases, the government plans to mandate HPV vaccinations in rural areas, enhancing awareness and preventive care. This initiative aligns with the growing demand for preventive health checkups.

Effective Prevention Strategies:

Cervical cancer is highly preventable. The HPV vaccine offers substantial protection against the virus responsible for most cervical cancers. Regular screenings, including Pap smears and HPV tests, aid in early detection and treatment. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms, can significantly reduce HPV transmission. Additionally, lifestyle factors play a pivotal role in prevention; maintaining a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.

While cervical cancer remains a significant health challenge, its prevention is achievable. Emphasizing early detection, vaccination, and healthy lifestyle choices empowers women to take charge of their health and well-being.

If you have cervical cancer, consult Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Kharghar, Mumbai. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best women's care hospital in Mumbai at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha, please book your appointment here.


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