Skip to content
Best paediatric doctors near me - Motherhood India Hospital

Important supplements during pregnancy

important supplements during pregnancy new
Important supplements during pregnancy

Author -  Dr Ekawali Gupta MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant,

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

Pregnancy is a miraculous journey filled with joy and challenges. One of the crucial aspects of this journey is ensuring that both the mother and the baby receive adequate nutrients for optimal health. While a balanced diet is essential, there are times when dietary intake alone may not suffice. According to Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, this article aims to shed light on the important supplements that can fill the nutritional gaps during pregnancy, especially focusing on the needs of expectant mothers in India.

Why Supplements are Necessary

Nutritional Gaps

Even with a well-balanced diet, there can be nutritional gaps that need to be filled. Pregnancy increases the demand for certain vitamins and minerals, making supplementation necessary in some cases.

Increased Needs During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, the body’s requirement for nutrients like folic acid, iron, and calcium increases significantly. Supplements can help meet these increased demands and contribute to a healthy pregnancy.

Types of Supplements

Folic Acid

  • Why it’s Important: Folic acid is crucial for the neural tube development of the fetus. A deficiency can lead to neural tube defects like spina bifida.
  • Recommended Dosage: 400 to 800 mcg per day
  • Sources: Leafy greens, fortified cereals, and supplements.


  • Why it’s Important: Iron is essential for preventing anemia, a condition that can lead to preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Recommended Dosage: 27 mg per day
  • Sources: Lentils, beans, and iron-fortified foods.


  • Why it’s Important: Calcium supports the development of the baby’s bones and teeth.
  • Recommended Dosage: 1000 mg per day
  • Sources: Dairy products, fortified plant milk, and supplements.

Vitamin D

  • Why it’s Important: Vitamin D works in tandem with calcium for bone health and helps in the absorption of other essential nutrients.
  • Recommended Dosage: 600 IU per day
  • Sources: Sunlight, fortified foods, and supplements.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  • Why it’s Important: Omega-3s are essential for the development of the baby’s brain and eyes.
  • Recommended Dosage: 200 to 300 mg per day
  • Sources: Fish, flaxseeds, and supplements.


  • Why it’s Important: Zinc is essential for cell division and the formation of DNA and proteins.
  • Recommended Dosage: 11 mg per day
  • Sources: Nuts, whole grains, and supplements.


  • Why it’s Important: Magnesium helps in the development of strong bones and regulates blood sugar levels.
  • Recommended Dosage: 350 to 360 mg per day
  • Sources: Leafy greens, nuts, and supplements

Herbal Supplements

Popular Herbal Supplements in India

In India, herbal supplements like Ashwagandha, Shatavari, and Triphala are often recommended during pregnancy. However, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare provider before incorporating these into your regimen.


While herbal supplements can offer various benefits, they are not regulated by medical authorities. Therefore, quality and safety can vary. Always consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Consulting a Healthcare Provider

Importance of Medical Advice

Supplements should never replace a balanced diet and should only be taken under medical supervision. Overdosing on certain vitamins and minerals can have adverse effects on both the mother and the baby.

Risks of Self-Prescribing

Nutrient Imbalance

One of the primary risks of self-prescribing is creating a nutrient imbalance. For example, excessive intake of vitamin A can lead to toxicity, while an overdose of iron can cause gastrointestinal issues and even more severe health problems.

Drug Interactions

Supplements can interact with medications you may already be taking. For instance, calcium can interfere with the absorption of certain antibiotics, and some herbal supplements can interact with blood thinners.

False Sense of Security

Self-prescribing can sometimes give a false sense of security, leading individuals to neglect other essential aspects of prenatal care, such as a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine medical check-ups.

Lack of Quality Control

Over-the-counter supplements are not strictly regulated, which means the quality, safety, and efficacy can vary significantly. There’s also the risk of contamination with harmful substances.

Delay in Seeking Professional Help

Relying solely on self-prescribed supplements can delay the consultation of healthcare providers, potentially leading to missed diagnoses or ineffective treatment plans.

Ethical Considerations

Self-prescribing during pregnancy doesn’t just affect you; it also has potential implications for the health of your unborn child. Ethically, it’s crucial to consider the risks you might be posing to another life.

Legal Risks

In some jurisdictions, self-prescribing controlled substances without a valid prescription can lead to legal consequences, adding another layer of risk to the practice.

By understanding these risks, you can better appreciate the importance of consulting a healthcare provider for a personalized supplement plan. This ensures that you’re taking the right steps for both your well-being and that of your unborn child.


Pregnancy is a time of joy but also a period that demands extra attention to nutrition. Supplements can play a vital role in filling nutritional gaps, but they should be taken responsibly and under medical supervision. By being informed and cautious, you can ensure a healthier pregnancy journey for both you and your baby.

If you or someone you know is dealing with inverted nipples and its associated challenges, we’re here to help. Schedule a consultation at our clinic to explore the best treatment options tailored for you.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Related Blogs

Leave a Comment:

View Comments

No comment yet, add your voice below!

Add a Comment




Stay update don our latest packages, offer, news, new launches, and more. Enter your email to subscribe to our news letter