How To Relieve Menstrual Cramps? – 8 Simple Tips

Period Cramps

Author: Dr. Sonal Singhal, MBBS, MD

Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Gurgaon.


Millions of women worldwide experience dysmenorrhea, the medical term for menstrual cramps, every month. These cramps can seriously interfere with everyday life and are frequently accompanied by additional symptoms such as bloating, exhaustion, and mood swings. Menstrual cramps can be efficiently managed and alleviated, though, with the correct tactics. Here are some useful tips:

1. Heat Therapy: 

Menstrual cramps can be quickly relieved by applying heat to the lower abdomen. To relieve the pain, apply a heating pad, a warm towel, or even a hot water bottle. The warmth lessens the intensity of the cramps by relaxing the muscles.

2. Over-the-Counter Painkillers:

Ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen sodium are examples of over-the-counter pain relievers that can be used to treat menstrual cramps. These medications relieve discomfort by lowering inflammation and obstructing pain signals.

3. Exercise: 

Getting regular exercise will help lessen the intensity and length of period cramps. Exercise increases blood circulation, which reduces cramping, and releases endorphins, which are the body’s natural analgesics.

4. Healthy Diet:

Menstrual cramps can be lessened by eating a balanced diet full of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. Reducing alcohol, coffee, and foods heavy in salt can also help ease discomfort and bloating.

5. Hydration: 

Getting enough water in your diet will help minimize bloating and lessen the intensity of your period cramps. Drinking enough water will improve general health and potentially lessen some menstrual-related discomfort.

6. Herbal Remedies: 

Several herbal medicines, including those containing chamomile, ginger, and cinnamon, have anti-inflammatory qualities that may help reduce period cramps. Before attempting any herbal therapies, you should, however, speak with a healthcare professional, particularly if you have any underlying medical concerns or are taking medication.

7. Relaxation Methods: 

Reducing stress and muscle tension, which can worsen menstrual cramps, can be achieved by practicing relaxation methods like deep breathing, yoga, or meditation. By implementing these methods into your regular practice, you can improve your general health and reduce menstrual discomfort.

8. Warm Baths: 

Relaxing your muscles and easing menstruation cramps can be achieved by taking a warm bath or shower. Epsom salts or essential oils like peppermint or lavender can intensify the calming effects and offer more relief.

Speak with Your Healthcare practitioner

It’s critical to speak with your healthcare practitioner if your menstrual cramps are severe or ongoing. They can assist in ruling out any underlying medical issues and offer tailored advice on how to treat your symptoms.

Even though period cramps can be terrible, there are a variety of techniques for managing and easing them. You may lessen the discomfort of your menstrual cycle and have a healthier, more comfortable menstrual cycle by adopting these lifestyle changes. Always pay attention to what your body is telling you, and if you have severe or enduring symptoms, consult a doctor.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Gurgaon. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best women’s care hospital in Gurgaon at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Sonal Singhal, please book your appointment here.

Benefits of Consuming Folic Acid Tablets For Pregnancy/During Pregnancy

Author: Dr. Tejinder Kaur

MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine

Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali


Most doctors advise women of reproductive age to take folic acid, which does not necessarily help women get pregnant but certainly does help prevent congenital disabilities or birth defects and pregnancy complications. Folic acid becomes a significant part of any woman’s pregnancy journey. Another crucial supplement to boost a healthy pregnancy is Vitamin D.

Some women might be recommended higher doses of folic acid for pregnancy due to various medical reasons, such as neural tube defects or severe cases of anemia. Folic acid tablets are available in most pharmacies and hospitals. Women trying to conceive must have the respective folic acid dose prescribed. 

Folic acid tablets for pregnancy are a vital component of prenatal care, offering a multitude of benefits for both mother and baby. Let’s take a more detailed look into why folic acid plays a crucial role during pregnancy. 

What is Folic Acid?

Folic acid, a synthetic form of folate, belongs to the B-vitamin family, specifically B9. It is a crucial building block for DNA synthesis, red blood cell formation, and cell division. Essentially, folic acid aids in rapid cell growth and tissue formation, making it indispensable for fetal development. 

Why is Folic Acid Essential Before and During Pregnancy?

Before conception and during early pregnancy, folic acid plays a pivotal role in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) like spina bifida and anencephaly. NTDs occur in the early stages of pregnancy when the neural tube fails to close correctly, potentially leading to severe complications in the baby’s brain and spine. Adequate folic acid intake significantly reduces the risk of such birth defects.

When Should We Start Taking Folic Acid?

Ideally, women planning to conceive should start taking folic acid supplements at least three month before conception. Since neural tube defects develop in the early weeks of pregnancy, having sufficient folic acid in the body during this critical period is vital. However, if the pregnancy is unplanned, it’s imperative to begin folic acid supplementation as soon as possible after discovering the pregnancy.

Benefits of Consuming Folic Acid Tablets for Pregnancy

Folic acid supplements help pregnant women reduce and prevent pregnancy complications, contribute to the growth and healthy development of the fetus, and keep the new mother healthy and free of health complications, ensuring a safe pregnancy journey. 

Some of the folic acid uses are listed below:

  1. Prevents Neural Tube Defects: Neural Tube Defects are congenital disabilities or birth defects that affect the baby’s brain and spine. Taking folic acid regularly can help prevent neural tube defects, making it one of the most crucial reasons why women must take folic acid during and before pregnancy. Some of the most common neural tube defects are spina bifida (spinal cord defect), anencephaly (brain defect) and encephalocele (brain defect). 
  2. Brain Development: Another benefit of folic acid for pregnant women is that it helps form the baby’s brain nervous system and builds a solid foundation for cognitive development. 
  3. Prevents Miscarriage: Women taking folic acid supplements are at a lower risk of having a miscarriage. Folic acid can also help prevent preterm birth, as suggested in studies. 
  4. Prevents Heart Defects: Taking adequate folic acid helps during the baby’s heart development. Folic acid also lowers the risk of congenital heart defects.
  5. Placental Development: Apart from helping in the healthy development of babies in the womb, it also aids in healthy placental development. The placenta must develop well, as it is essential for supplying oxygen and nutrients to the growing fetus or the baby. 
  6. Reduces Low Birth Weight Risk: Taking folic acid supplements reduces the risks of low birth weight. Low birth weight may be due to many reasons, including health complications for the baby. 
  7. Risk of Preeclampsia: Folic acid supplements lower the dangers of preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication that leads to high blood pressure. 
  8. Production of Red Blood Cells: The production of red blood cells during pregnancy is essential, supported by folic acid supplements. The supplements also help prevent maternal anemia during pregnancy. 
  9. Reduces the Risk of Autism: Many studies suggest that folic acid can potentially reduce the risks of having a baby in the autism spectrum. However, more research has yet to prove the same. 
  10. Risk of Cleft Lip: Taking folic acid supplements also lowers and reduces the risks of cleft lip or palate. A cleft lip or palate is when the baby’s upper lip or the palate does not join together. 

How Much Folic Acid Should I Take?

Pregnant women’s recommended daily folic acid intake is 400 micrograms (mcg). However, women with certain risk factors may require higher doses, as their healthcare provider advises.

Is Folate and Folic Acid the Same?

While folate and folic acid are often used interchangeably, they are different. Folate refers to the natural form of the vitamin found in foods, while folic acid is the synthetic form used in supplements and fortified foods. Both are essential for prenatal care, with folic acid more readily absorbed by the body.

How Can I Get Enough Folic Acid?

Besides supplements, folic acid can be obtained through a balanced diet rich in folate-rich foods such as leafy greens, citrus fruits, beans, lentils, fortified cereals, and nuts. However, getting the recommended amount through diet alone is often challenging, making supplementation crucial during pregnancy.

Folic Acid Side Effects

While folic acid is generally considered safe, high doses may cause side effects such as nausea, bloating, and abdominal cramps. Sticking to the recommended dosage and consulting a healthcare provider if experiencing any adverse reactions are essential.

For a healthy pregnancy, women must take folic acid before and during pregnancy. However, most importantly, women must make sure to take some important supplements during pregnancy and include a healthy and balanced diet which includes – spinach, kale, brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli

beans and legumes (e.g. peas, blackeye beans), oranges and orange juice, wheat bran and other whole-grain foods, poultry, shellfish, liver, and others. 

During pregnancy, women must not resort to bad habits like smoking, drinking or having too much junk food. Pregnant women must have repeated visits to their respective doctors and continue their folic acid supplements. It is not rare for doctors to recommend prenatal vitamins along with folic acid. Being candid about medical issues with the doctor becomes crucial as it helps the doctor understand and identify the correct dose the pregnant woman needs. 

Women can significantly reduce the risk of congenital disabilities and complications, paving the way for a healthy pregnancy and a happy, thriving baby.

If you are on the verge of menopause or are going through menopause along with urinary symptoms, consult Dr Tejinder Kaur at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best woman’s care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Tejinder Kaur, please book your appointment here.

Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause Journey

Author : Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan


Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologis

Understanding the Menopause Journey – Embracing Change with Confidence

Menopause is not just a biological process; it’s a significant chapter in a woman’s life that merits understanding and attention, especially in the culturally rich and diverse landscape of India. As women approach their late 40s or early 50s, they embark on a journey that marks the end of their reproductive years. According to Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, MBBS, MD(OBG), Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist , This phase, often shrouded in silence and stigma, needs to be discussed openly to empower women. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of embracing this change with awareness and confidence. This article delves deep into the nuances of menopause in the Indian context, exploring its symptoms, the efficacy of hormone therapy, and the essentiality of a healthy lifestyle tailored for Indian women. Our aim is to guide and support women through this natural yet often misunderstood phase of life.

In India, menopause is a topic that is rarely discussed openly, leading to a lack of awareness and preparedness among many women. The journey through menopause can be bewildering without proper information and support. This article serves as a comprehensive guide, shedding light on what to expect and how to navigate the changes both physically and emotionally. With a focus on the unique aspects of Indian culture and healthcare, we aim to provide insights that resonate with the experiences of Indian women, ensuring that they do not feel alone in this journey. Understanding menopause is the first step towards managing its challenges effectively, and Motherhood Hospitals is dedicated to being a trusted partner in this journey.

Understanding Menopause

Menopause, medically defined as the cessation of menstruation for 12 consecutive months, signifies the end of a woman’s natural reproductive period. In the Indian context, the average onset of menopause is around 49 years, though it can vary widely. The perimenopausal phase, leading up to menopause, is characterized by fluctuating hormone levels, resulting in irregular menstrual cycles. This phase is crucial for Indian women, who often balance complex roles in both their personal and professional lives. Early recognition of perimenopausal symptoms enables women to seek timely advice and support, which is particularly important in a culture where such topics might be less openly discussed.

The journey to menopause is unique for every woman, but in India, it is often influenced by factors like lifestyle, diet, and genetic predispositions. Understanding these individual differences is vital in providing personalized care and support. Women may experience a range of symptoms, from hot flashes and mood swings to more subtle changes like sleep disturbances and decreasing bone density. Awareness and education about these symptoms are key to empowering Indian women to take proactive steps towards their health. At Motherhood Hospitals, we focus on providing culturally sensitive and informed care, helping women navigate this transition with knowledge and confidence. Recognizing and understanding the early signs of menopause can lead to better management of this life stage, emphasizing the importance of regular health check-ups and open conversations with healthcare professionals.

Common Symptoms and Hormone Therapy Options

Common Symptoms of Menopause in India The symptoms of menopause in Indian women can be as varied as the cultural tapestry of the country itself. Predominant symptoms include hot flashes, a feeling of intense heat that spreads over the body, often accompanied by sweating and flushing. These can be particularly challenging in the Indian climate, especially during the warmer months. Mood swings are another common symptom, manifesting as sudden tears or irritability. This emotional volatility can be perplexing not just for the women experiencing them but also for their families, necessitating a supportive and understanding environment.

In addition to these, Indian women often report sleep disturbances, which can range from insomnia to disrupted sleep patterns. Vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse are also noted, but these symptoms are less frequently discussed due to cultural sensitivities. It’s important to highlight that these changes are natural and manageable with the right approach. The varied diet and lifestyle across different regions of India can also influence the intensity and nature of these symptoms. Therefore, a personalized approach to symptom management, acknowledging these cultural and regional differences, is crucial in providing effective care at Motherhood Hospitals.

Hormone Therapy Options in India

Hormone therapy (HT) is a significant medical intervention for managing menopause symptoms in India, offering relief from hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. However, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. The decision to use hormone therapy must be made on an individual basis, considering the woman’s health history, severity of symptoms, and personal preferences. Indian women, like their counterparts globally, must weigh the benefits against the potential risks, such as a slightly increased risk of certain diseases when using HT for prolonged periods.

In the Indian healthcare context, the availability of hormone therapy and the awareness of its benefits and risks vary. At Motherhood Hospitals, our approach is to provide comprehensive information, allowing women to make informed decisions about their health. We discuss the types of hormone therapies available, including systemic estrogen, which is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, and low-dose vaginal products for localized symptoms. Alternative and complementary therapies are also gaining popularity in India, with many women seeking natural or plant-based remedies. It’s vital to discuss these options with healthcare professionals to understand their efficacy and safety.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices and The Role of Self-Care

Healthy Lifestyle Choices During Menopause Adopting a healthy lifestyle is paramount for Indian women navigating the menopausal transition. A balanced diet, rich in calcium and vitamin D, is essential for bone health, as menopause increases the risk of osteoporosis. Indian diets, traditionally rich in vegetables and grains, can be optimized by including more leafy greens, dairy products, and foods fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Regular physical activity is another cornerstone of a healthy menopausal journey. Exercises such as yoga, which is deeply rooted in Indian culture, not only help in maintaining a healthy weight but also reduce stress and improve mood, countering some of the psychological symptoms of menopause.

Another aspect of a healthy lifestyle is stress management, particularly crucial in the fast-paced life many Indian women lead. Practices like meditation, mindfulness, and deep breathing exercises can be immensely beneficial. In addition, getting adequate sleep is vital for overall well-being. Sleep disturbances, common during menopause, can be mitigated through good sleep hygiene practices like maintaining a regular sleep schedule and creating a comfortable sleep environment. At Motherhood Hospitals, we emphasize the importance of these lifestyle modifications, offering guidance tailored to the unique needs of Indian women during this transitional phase.

The Role of Self-Care and Support

Self-care during menopause goes beyond physical health; it encompasses emotional and mental well-being. For Indian women, this might mean taking time out for themselves, engaging in activities they enjoy, or simply resting. It’s a time to prioritize their own health and needs, often a challenging task in a culture where women are accustomed to putting their family’s needs first. Emotional support from family, friends, and peers who are going through similar experiences can be incredibly valuable. Sharing experiences and coping strategies can help in normalizing the menopause transition and reducing feelings of isolation.

Moreover, professional support from healthcare providers is crucial. At Motherhood Hospitals, we offer counseling and support groups where women can discuss their concerns and learn from the experiences of others. These forums provide a safe space to talk about sensitive issues like sexual health and emotional changes, which are often not discussed openly in Indian society. Empathy, understanding, and informed guidance from healthcare professionals can make a significant difference in how women experience and manage menopause. By fostering an environment of care and support, we aim to empower women to embrace this phase of life with confidence and positivity.

Motherhood Hospitals: A Partner in the Menopause Journey

At Motherhood Hospitals, we understand the multifaceted challenges Indian women face during menopause. Our commitment is to provide a holistic approach to menopausal care, combining medical expertise with empathetic support. We offer a range of services tailored to the needs of menopausal women, including specialized health check-ups, hormone therapy consultations, and dietary advice. Recognizing the importance of mental and emotional well-being, we also provide counseling services and support groups, facilitating a supportive community for women undergoing similar experiences.

Our approach is grounded in the understanding that menopause is not merely a medical condition but a significant life transition. Therefore, we emphasize education and awareness, empowering women with the knowledge they need to navigate this phase confidently. From understanding the physiological changes to managing symptoms effectively, our healthcare professionals are dedicated to providing personalized care. We also encourage women to participate actively in their health decisions, fostering a sense of control and positivity towards the menopause journey. At Motherhood Hospitals, we stand as a trusted ally, guiding women through this transition with care, respect, and expertise.

Embracing menopause with confidence is a journey of self-discovery and adaptation. This transition, while challenging, offers an opportunity for women to focus on their health and well-being in new ways. Through this article, we have explored the various facets of menopause in the Indian context, highlighting the importance of understanding symptoms, exploring treatment options like hormone therapy, adopting healthy lifestyle choices, and the indispensable role of self-care and support.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we are committed to supporting women through every stage of this journey. We believe that with the right information, care, and support, menopause can be a phase of life approached with assurance and positivity. As women in India and around the world navigate this natural transition, it is our hope that they do so with an empowered and informed perspective, embracing the change as an integral part of the extraordinary journey of womanhood.

Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Babita Rajesh Chauhan, please book your appointment here.

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Author:   Dr. Tejinder Kaur

MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine

Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty:

Puberty, a critical phase in a girl’s life, signifies a transition not only in her physical form but also in her emotional and psychological realms. In the Indian context, this period is often shrouded in silence and unease, making it imperative for parents and educators to step in with guidance and openness. As per Author: Dr. Tejinder KaurMBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali, by understanding the multifaceted nature of puberty, adults can play a pivotal role in easing the journey for young girls. This phase, marked by significant growth and challenges, calls for an informed and empathetic approach to help girls navigate these changes confidently and knowledgeably.

Importance of Fostering Open Conversations about Puberty

In many Indian households, the topic of puberty is treated as taboo, leaving young girls bewildered and apprehensive. To counter this, initiating healthy and open dialogues about the physical and emotional changes during puberty is essential. Such conversations not only demystify this natural process but also empower girls to articulate their feelings and seek necessary guidance. Embracing these discussions paves the way for a more informed, confident approach to the physical and emotional transformations during puberty, fostering a positive self-image and a sense of preparedness among young girls.

Creating a Supportive Environment

Encouraging Open Dialogue Starting conversations about puberty can be daunting, but it’s crucial in creating a supportive environment. Parents and educators should engage in open dialogue with girls, using simple, relatable language to explain the changes they will experience. It’s important to provide a safe space where girls feel comfortable asking questions and expressing their concerns. Creating such an environment requires patience, understanding, and reassurance, ensuring that young girls feel heard and supported.

Deepening Understanding Through Dialogue

Building on initial conversations, it’s essential to deepen understanding by discussing more specific aspects of puberty. Topics like menstrual health, emotional fluctuations, and body image should be introduced gradually and handled with sensitivity. Parents and educators can use resources like books or educational videos to aid these discussions. Ensuring that girls have access to accurate and comprehensive information is key to helping them navigate puberty with confidence and ease.

Understanding Emotional Well-being

Emotional well-being is a critical aspect of navigating puberty. Parents and educators should acknowledge and address the range of emotions that girls may experience during this time. Open conversations about feelings, mood swings, and self-esteem are important. Adults should offer a listening ear, provide comfort, and foster a positive self-image. Encouraging girls to express themselves and validating their emotions plays a significant role in their emotional development.

Fostering Emotional Resilience

In addition to understanding emotional well-being, fostering emotional resilience is vital. This involves teaching girls coping mechanisms for stress and anxiety, such as mindfulness or journaling. It also includes promoting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, which can have positive effects on emotional health. By equipping girls with the tools to manage their emotions effectively, parents and educators can help them develop resilience and a strong sense of self.

Educating on Physical and Emotional Changes

Explaining the Physical Changes Education about the physical aspects of puberty is essential for young girls. It involves explaining the development of secondary sexual characteristics like breast growth, menstrual health, and the appearance of pubic hair. In India, where cultural misconceptions often obscure these topics, providing clear, factual, and age-appropriate information is paramount. Such education helps demystify bodily changes and equips girls with the necessary knowledge to manage these changes. Parents and educators should approach this topic with sensitivity, using straightforward, non-alarming language, and progressively deepening the discussion as the child’s understanding grows.

Navigating Emotional Changes

Alongside physical development, puberty is characterized by a myriad of emotional changes. It’s vital for parents and educators to guide young girls through these emotional shifts, which can include mood swings, increased sensitivity, and self-consciousness about their changing bodies. Open discussions about these emotional experiences should be encouraged, emphasizing that these feelings are normal and part of growing up. Activities that promote self-esteem, such as arts, sports, or journaling, can be beneficial. A supportive approach in these conversations will aid young girls in developing a balanced and healthy emotional perspective during puberty.

Promoting Hygiene and Self-Care

Hygiene Practices During Puberty The importance of hygiene during puberty cannot be overstated, especially in the context of menstrual health. It’s crucial for young girls to understand the basics of menstrual hygiene, including the use of sanitary products and the importance of regular bathing. In India, where discussions about menstruation are often limited, clear and practical guidance is essential. This education should be imparted in a sensitive and straightforward manner, helping girls to manage their personal hygiene with confidence and independence.

Furthering Hygiene Education

Expanding on basic hygiene practices, it’s important to discuss broader aspects like the significance of cleanliness during menstruation, proper disposal of sanitary products, and maintaining general body hygiene. Addressing these topics helps dispel myths and misconceptions, providing young girls with a complete picture of hygiene management. This comprehensive approach not only fosters personal responsibility but also contributes to overall health and well-being.

Self-Care and Wellness

The transition through puberty is accompanied by an increased need for self-care, encompassing both physical and mental health. Encouraging a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep is essential for physical development. Additionally, activities that support mental health, such as meditation, reading, or pursuing hobbies, play a vital role. These practices not only aid in physical growth but also help manage the stress and emotional fluctuations that often accompany puberty.

Promoting Holistic Wellness

Holistic wellness during puberty extends beyond physical health to include emotional and social well-being. Parents and educators should encourage practices that foster self-esteem and body positivity, helping girls to embrace their changing bodies. Discussions on the importance of a supportive social circle, engaging in community activities, and developing a healthy lifestyle contribute to a well-rounded approach to self-care. This holistic focus ensures that young girls are equipped to handle the challenges of puberty with resilience and positivity.

Fostering Peer Support and Community Involvement

Building a Supportive Peer Network Peer support plays a vital role during puberty, offering a sense of understanding and shared experience. Encouraging open discussions among peers helps young girls realize they are not alone in their experiences. Schools and communities in India can foster this support by organizing group activities or discussion forums, providing a platform for girls to connect and share. Such a network can alleviate the feeling of isolation and build a supportive community, making the journey through puberty less daunting.

Community and School Involvement

Schools and community organizations are instrumental in providing comprehensive puberty education and support. In India, where traditional norms may restrict these conversations, organized efforts by schools and communities can make a significant difference. Workshops, seminars, and resource distribution can provide girls and parents with much-needed information and guidance. This active involvement helps break down cultural barriers, allowing for a more open, informative approach to discussing puberty, thereby enhancing the overall support system for young girls.

Empowering Girls for the Future Navigating puberty is a significant milestone in a girl’s life, bringing physical, emotional, and psychological changes. By actively promoting open discussions and providing comprehensive education on these aspects, we empower young girls to embrace this journey with confidence and knowledge. Motherhood Hospitals plays a pivotal role in this endeavor, offering resources and expert guidance to ensure that every girl receives the support and understanding she needs. Their commitment to fostering healthy conversations about puberty exemplifies their dedication to the well-being of girls in India. Let’s join hands with institutions like Motherhood Hospitals to ensure a supportive, informed environment for every girl stepping into this transformative phase.

If you are on the verge of menopause or are going through menopause along with urinary symptoms, consult Dr Tejinder Kaur at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best woman’s care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Tejinder Kaur, please book your appointment here.

The Ultimate Guide to Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Support

Guide to Postpartum Depression

Author: Dr. Kiran Yadav 

MBBS, DGO, DNB Fellowship in laparoscopy Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecology

The Ultimate Guide to Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Support:

In India Postpartum depression, a significant mental health concern, affects numerous new mothers globally and is particularly pressing in India. Despite its growing recognition, PPD remains shrouded in silence and stigma, especially in Indian society where mental health issues are often overlooked. According to Dr. Kiran Yadav, MBBS, DGO, DNB Fellowship in laparoscopy Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecology,  This condition, manifesting after childbirth, encompasses a range of emotional and psychological challenges that can deeply impact a mother’s well-being. The prevalence of PPD in India, a country marked by its rich cultural diversity and strong familial structures, calls for a nuanced understanding and approach to this condition. It’s essential to highlight that postpartum depression in India (PPD India) is not merely a medical concern but also a social issue, requiring holistic attention and sensitivity.

The Significance of Awareness and Support

Creating awareness about postpartum depression is crucial, particularly in the context of new mothers in India. Often, the symptoms of PPD are misunderstood or dismissed as general fatigue or moodiness associated with motherhood. This lack of awareness not only hinders timely intervention but also adds to the emotional burden of the mothers. Emphasizing the importance of support systems, be it familial, social, or medical, is vital in the journey towards recovery. Motherhood hospitals in India play a pivotal role in this context, offering not just medical care but also psychological support and guidance. Bridging the gap between suffering in silence and seeking help, these hospitals and their support systems stand as beacons of hope for many new mothers grappling with PPD in India.

Understanding Postpartum Depression

Defining Postpartum Depression and Differentiating from ‘Baby Blues’ .

Postpartum depression is a complex mental health condition that emerges after childbirth, characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, and fatigue. Unlike the common ‘baby blues’ that affect many new mothers and typically resolve within a couple of weeks, PPD is a more severe condition that requires medical attention. In the Indian context, where emotional well-being is often relegated to the background, distinguishing PPD from the normal stress and fatigue of new motherhood becomes crucial. Understanding the nature and severity of PPD symptoms is the first step towards effective management and support for new mothers in India.

PPD in the Indian and Global Context Globally, PPD is a recognized mental health issue, but its prevalence and manifestation in India present unique challenges. The cultural dynamics and societal expectations in India can exacerbate the stress and isolation felt by new mothers, potentially intensifying the symptoms of PPD. In a society where the role of a mother is idealized, women often find themselves under immense pressure to conform to these ideals, which can contribute to the development of PPD. The acknowledgement and understanding of PPD within the Indian context are crucial in formulating appropriate and culturally sensitive interventions. This recognition is especially important given the high societal expectations and mental health stigma that new mothers in India often face.

Symptoms and Identification of PPD in India

Common Symptoms of Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression manifests through a range of symptoms that can significantly affect a mother’s mental and emotional state. These symptoms often include deep sadness, a sense of hopelessness, severe mood swings, and an overwhelming feeling of exhaustion that goes beyond typical fatigue. In addition, mothers with PPD might experience difficulty bonding with their baby, changes in eating and sleeping patterns, and a lack of interest in activities they once enjoyed. These symptoms are not just fleeting moments of discomfort but persistent feelings that last for weeks or longer, profoundly impacting the mother’s quality of life and ability to care for herself and her newborn.

PPD Symptoms in the Indian Cultural Context

In the Indian context, the symptoms of PPD can be more challenging to identify and address due to cultural nuances and societal expectations placed on new mothers. The pressure to immediately adapt to motherhood and the stigma surrounding mental health can lead to underreporting of PPD symptoms. Indian mothers may also experience unique stressors such as the societal pressure for son preference, which can exacerbate feelings of inadequacy and guilt, particularly if the newborn is a girl. These cultural factors, combined with the lack of awareness about PPD, mean that many Indian mothers suffer in silence, unaware that their experiences align with the symptoms of postpartum depression. Recognizing these culturally specific manifestations is critical in providing appropriate support and treatment for PPD in India.

Causes and Risk Factors of PPD Biological and Hormonal Influences

The onset of postpartum depression is often linked to the significant hormonal changes that occur after childbirth. The rapid drop in hormones like estrogen and progesterone, along with changes in other hormones, can trigger mood swings and depression. Additionally, the physical exhaustion from childbirth and lack of sleep can contribute to the development of PPD. It’s crucial to understand that these biological factors are universal and not specific to any one culture or country, including India. This biological perspective helps in destigmatizing the condition, emphasizing that PPD is not a result of personal failure but a medical condition that requires attention and care.

Socio-Cultural Factors Specific to India

In India, several socio-cultural factors play a significant role in the development and intensity of postpartum depression. Cultural practices, societal expectations, and family dynamics significantly influence a mother’s emotional well-being. For example, the prevalence of joint family systems can lead to increased pressure and expectations, while also providing a support network. However, this support can sometimes be a double-edged sword, as it may come with its own set of demands and expectations. Additionally, factors like domestic violence, son preference, and the stigma associated with mental health issues in Indian society can significantly contribute to the risk of developing PPD. Understanding these socio-cultural dynamics is essential in addressing postpartum depression effectively in the Indian context.

Medical Treatments Available in India

In India, the treatment for postpartum depression includes a combination of medication and therapy, similar to global standards. Antidepressants are prescribed to balance the chemicals in the brain that affect mood and emotions. However, it’s crucial for healthcare providers to consider factors like breastfeeding when prescribing medication to new mothers. In addition to pharmacological treatments, therapy plays a vital role. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) have shown effectiveness in treating PPD. These therapies help mothers deal with their emotions, develop coping strategies, and improve their relationship dynamics, which can be particularly beneficial in the context of the family-centric Indian society.

Importance of Psychological Counseling and Therapy

Psychological counseling and therapy are essential components of treating PPD in India, where mental health is often stigmatized. Counseling provides a safe space for mothers to express their feelings and thoughts without judgment. This support is crucial in a society where discussing mental health can be challenging. Therapy sessions can also educate family members about PPD, helping them understand the mother’s experience and how they can provide support. Such inclusive approaches are significant in Indian society, where family plays a central role in an individual’s life. Therapists can also address cultural and societal pressures that may contribute to the mother’s mental health, making therapy a crucial aspect of PPD treatment in India.

Family and Societal Support

In India, the family is often the primary support system for new mothers. Family members can play a significant role in identifying the signs of PPD and encouraging the mother to seek help. Support from the spouse, parents, and in-laws can greatly influence the mother’s recovery journey. Societal support, including understanding and empathy from friends, neighbors, and the community, can also contribute significantly to a mother’s well-being. In a country where communal ties are strong, building awareness and sensitivity towards PPD in the wider community can be a powerful tool in supporting mothers.

Role of Healthcare Providers and Community Resources

Healthcare providers in India, including gynecologists, pediatricians, and mental health professionals, play a critical role in diagnosing and treating PPD. Routine screening for PPD during postnatal visits can help in early identification and intervention. Motherhood hospitals in India are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing mental health post-childbirth and are equipped to offer the necessary medical and psychological support. Community resources, such as support groups for new mothers, play a vital role in providing a shared space for mothers to discuss their experiences and feelings. These groups, often facilitated by mental health professionals, can offer invaluable peer support and practical advice for managing PPD in the Indian context.

Dealing with Stigma and Societal Pressures

In India, the stigma associated with mental health issues, including postpartum depression, poses a significant challenge for new mothers. This stigma can prevent women from seeking help and acknowledging their struggles, leading to prolonged suffering. Societal pressures, such as expectations of immediate bonding with the baby, being a perfect mother, and handling household responsibilities, can exacerbate feelings of inadequacy and guilt in mothers experiencing PPD. Addressing these stigmas and pressures is crucial. Public awareness campaigns, education, and open conversations about mental health can help change perceptions and encourage mothers to seek the help they need without fear of judgment.

  1. Balancing Traditional Practices with Modern Medical Advice

    In the Indian context, traditional postpartum practices and rituals are common, some of which may impact the mental health of new mothers. While these practices are rooted in cultural beliefs and can provide comfort and support, some may also contribute to feelings of isolation or stress. Balancing these traditional practices with modern medical advice is key. Healthcare providers should be culturally sensitive and work with families to find a balance that respects cultural practices while prioritizing the mental health and well-being of the mother. Educating families about the importance of mental health care and the benefits of combining cultural practices with medical advice can aid in creating a supportive environment for new mothers.

List of Resources Available for PPD in India

India offers a variety of resources for mothers experiencing postpartum depression, including mental health clinics, online platforms, and helplines specifically catering to PPD. Many motherhood hospitals across India provide counseling services and support groups for new mothers. Additionally, national mental health programs and NGOs offer support and guidance, making it easier for mothers to access the help they need. Compiling a list of these resources, including contact information and services offered, can be a valuable addition to the article, providing mothers with a starting point for seeking help.

Information on Support Groups and Access

Support groups play a vital role in managing PPD, offering a platform for mothers to share their experiences and feelings with others who understand their struggles. In India, these groups are available both offline and online, providing accessible options for mothers across different regions. Information about how to access these support groups, what to expect from them, and how they can be beneficial should be detailed. This information can empower mothers to take that crucial step towards seeking support and building a community that understands and empathizes with their journey.

In conclusion, understanding, recognizing, and effectively managing postpartum depression is crucial for the well-being of new mothers, especially in the Indian context. By summarizing the key points covered in the article, such as the importance of recognizing symptoms, the role of medical and familial support, and the available resources, we can reinforce the message that PPD is a significant but manageable condition. Encouraging mothers to seek help and assuring them that they are not alone in their journey can make a substantial difference in their recovery process.

Postpartum depression is a medical condition that deserves attention and care, and that help is available, can provide comfort and encouragement to those struggling. Highlighting the strength and resilience of mothers and the importance of their mental health can inspire both individuals and communities to take proactive steps towards addressing PPD in a supportive, empathetic manner.

Dr. Kiran Yadav will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Gurgaon.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon . We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Gurgaon  at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Kiran Yadav, please book your appointment here

Essential workout tips for women

Essential workout tips for women

Essential workout tips for women

Well-being involves bringing these three aspects (mind, body & soul) of the self into balance to create harmony and health. As we become balanced and harmonious, the unavoidable pressures of life have less impact on us. We respond to situations more consciously, and our interactions with people & situations become more purposeful, calm, and relaxed.

Training programs for strength

Women can benefit from strength training programs that are designed specifically for them. Weight lifting is one of the best workout tips for strengthening the muscles in the legs. However, many women are not heavy enough to benefit from weight lifting, so they would benefit from incorporating exercise bikes or even swimming into their program as well.

Mindful eating

Many women think that they can eat anything that they want when going to the gym. There is nothing wrong with that but it is better to choose a diet that you can follow in the long run and that can also help you succeed at your exercise goals. Women need to be careful about what they eat when following any weight loss exercises, dumbbell exercises, or any other fitness program. Women need to eat foods that will fuel the body and give it the energy that it requires to exercise.

Enhance body’s flexibility

A woman’s workout routine doesn’t have to focus on a specific form of exercise. Women can also benefit from a program that allows them more flexibility and ease. Yoga is one form of exercise and should be included in the workout tips for women as it allows women to have more flexibility.

 Avoid excess workout

Women should make sure that they are doing the right amount of exercise per session. If women over-train their muscles, they might suffer from negative effects. One workout advice that every woman should remember is that they should not over-train themselves. Women who are struggling with losing weight may find that their weight loss workout is ineffective and might even lead to anorexia. Women should make sure that they are working out for the right reasons by focusing on building muscle groups as well as burning fat.

Routine simple workout

Women need to know that they are in control of their own bodies and can work out whenever they want to. They need to remember that they can find gym workouts for women, or exercise for ladies that are specifically designed for women’s body goals. Any training for women or workout plan for women does not have to be complicated. While it may be more difficult for some women, it can be made easier with a little patience and determination.

Women’s workout routines can include exercises that target different parts of the body. Women should choose one part of the body and then do a few repetitions and increase the number of repetitions depending on what they feel comfortable with. Women can also use different exercises depending on what their lifestyle is.


In conclusion, these essential workout tips for women will empower them to achieve their fitness goals and lead a healthier lifestyle. Incorporating these guidelines into their routine will maximize the effectiveness of the workouts and enhance their overall well-being.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic lifestyle diseases will account for 70 percent of global deaths by 2030. Women worldwide face unique health concerns due to unhealthy ways of living. Most women are hardwired to look after families first without paying attention to their own health and in fact, neglecting it on most occasions. And this is further compounded if they are working women trying to balance home and work. Balancing home and work is a difficult process and requires considerable skill. This may lead to irregular food habits, skipping meals, lack of sleep, stress, lack of physical activity, addictions, and poor relationships—all of which contribute to the development of lifestyle diseases.

Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviors – smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and result in the development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some types of cancer.

Major lifestyle diseases in women

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Ways to keep lifestyle diseases at bay

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Regularly exercising
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Not smoking reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases by 80 percent.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases


Diabetes doubles the risk of a second heart attack and heart failure in women who have already had a heart attack. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than it does in men with risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol.

Metabolic syndrome

Women who have metabolic syndrome, which includes a large waist, high blood pressure, glucose intolerance, low HDL cholesterol, and high triglycerides, are more likely to develop heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.


Compared to men, women who smoke are more likely to experience a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases are all influenced by persistent, low-grade inflammation.


Stress, lack of sleep, and lack of physical activity contribute to weight gain. Stress also contributes to an increase in the levels of the hormone cortisol, which leads to inflammation in the body. Cortisol increases hunger and cravings, leading to weight gain. This may lead to pre-diabetes, high blood pressure, hormonal problems, and finally PCOS.

Unhealthy eating habits

Unhealthy meal patterns and irregular meal timings lead to hidden hunger, which means loss of micronutrients leading to deficiencies and other disorders.


Heart disease is the leading cause of preventable death among women. Women are at a high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes as early as 35 years of age.


Women have greater overall cholesterol levels than males do after menopause. Triglyceride levels are a significant factor. Before menopause, a woman’s own estrogen helps protect her from lifestyle diseases, especially heart disease, by increasing HDL (good) cholesterol and decreasing LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Ways to avoid lifestyle diseases?

Adopting healthy behaviors, improving physical activity, stopping tobacco, a high-fiber, low-fat diet to control body weight, good sleeping habits, avoiding excessive alcohol, coping with stress, and seeking support as needed, reduce the risk of death due to lifestyle diseases.

Postpartum Hair Loss: Causes and Coping Strategies

postpartum hair loss

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Postpartum Hair Loss: Causes and Coping Strategies


The journey of motherhood brings with it a whirlpool of emotions and changes, both joyous and challenging. One such change that often catches new mothers by surprise is postpartum hair loss. As you navigate through the ups and downs of motherhood, the sight of hair strands on the pillow or in the shower drain can be disconcerting. However, it’s important to know that postpartum hair loss is a common and temporary phase. This article by Dr Ekawali Gupta, MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, aims to demystify postpartum hair loss, delve into its causes, and offer coping strategies to manage and mitigate this phase gracefully.

Understanding Postpartum Hair Loss

The anatomy of hair growth is a delicate and complex process regulated by various factors including hormonal levels. Under normal circumstances, as per the best Gynecologist and Obstetrician in Sector 32, hair goes through a growth cycle that consists of the anagen (growing), catagen (transitional), and telogen (resting) phases. During pregnancy, elevated estrogen levels prolong the anagen phase, leading to thicker, lusher hair. However, post-childbirth, as the hormonal tide ebbs, a larger number of hairs transition into the telogen phase, eventually leading to increased shedding, known as postpartum hair loss.

Causes of Postpartum Hair Loss

  1. Hormonal Changes:
  • The primary cause of postpartum hair loss is the sudden drop in estrogen levels after childbirth. During pregnancy, high levels of estrogen prevent the usual rate of hair shedding, leading to thicker hair. Post childbirth, as estrogen levels plummet, the extra hairs start to shed, manifesting as postpartum hair loss.
  1. Thyroid Issues:
  • Some women may experience thyroid imbalances post-pregnancy, which can further contribute to hair loss. Thyroid hormones play a vital role in regulating the hair growth cycle. An overactive or underactive thyroid can disrupt this cycle, leading to increased hair shedding.
  1. Iron-Deficiency Anemia:
  • Iron is crucial for hair health, and a deficiency can lead to hair loss. Pregnancy can deplete iron stores, and if not adequately replenished, may lead to iron-deficiency anemia and subsequent hair loss post-pregnancy.
  1. Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies:
  • Deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals like vitamin D, B vitamins, and zinc can also contribute to postpartum hair loss.
  1. Stress:
  • The postpartum period can be stressful, and stress can further exacerbate hair loss. It’s a vicious cycle that needs attention and management.

Coping Strategies

  1. Maintaining a Balanced Diet:
  • A nourishing diet rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins can support hair health. Incorporate a variety of nutrient-dense foods like leafy greens, nuts, seeds, lean meats, and whole grains. Ensure adequate intake of iron and vitamins, particularly vitamin A, which is known to support hair growth.
  1. Gentle Hair Care:
  • Adopt a gentle hair care regimen to minimize breakage and further loss. Use mild shampoos, avoid harsh chemical treatments, and be gentle while combing and styling your hair. Avoid tight hairstyles that pull on the scalp.
  1. Stress Management:
  • Practice stress-reducing techniques like yoga, meditation, and deep breathing. Creating a supportive and serene environment can significantly help in managing stress levels during this transitional phase.
  1. Regular Scalp Massages:
  • Scalp massages can promote blood circulation, nourish the hair follicles, and create a relaxing routine. Use nourishing oils like coconut or almond oil for the massage, and if possible, indulge in a professional massage session.
  1. Consulting a Healthcare Provider:
  • If you notice severe hair loss or bald patches, or if the hair loss continues beyond six months, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. They can provide a proper diagnosis and suggest a treatment plan if necessary.
  1. Patience and Understanding:
  • Understand the temporary nature of postpartum hair loss and practice patience. Your body has undergone significant changes, and it’s crucial to give it the time and care it needs to recover fully.


Postpartum hair loss, though startling, is a temporary and natural part of the post-pregnancy journey. By understanding the underlying causes and adopting a holistic approach to managing it, you can navigate through this phase with grace and confidence. Remember, every strand of hair that sheds makes way for new growth, mirroring the beautiful journey of motherhood.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Superfoods for Easy, Comfortable, and Smooth Delivery: An Indian Perspective

Superfoods for Easy, Comfortable, and Smooth delivery

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Superfoods for Easy, Comfortable, and Smooth Delivery: An Indian Perspective


     Pregnancy is a life-changing experience that brings joy, anticipation, and sometimes, a fair share of anxiety. One of the best ways to alleviate these concerns is through proper nutrition. The food you consume during this crucial period not only nourishes you but also has a direct impact on the well-being of your unborn child. This article by Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist aims to guide expecting mothers in India through a curated list of superfoods that can make the journey to motherhood easy, comfortable, and smooth.

Why Superfoods?

The best Gynecologist and Obstetrician in Sector 32 says that The term “superfoods” refers to nutrient-dense foods that offer a range of health benefits. During pregnancy, these foods can provide the essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants needed for both maternal health and fetal development. Incorporating superfoods into your daily diet can ease the delivery process and ensure a healthy pregnancy.

List of Superfoods for a Smooth Delivery

1. Spinach

Benefits: Rich in iron, calcium, and folic acid, spinach is excellent for boosting hemoglobin levels and ensuring proper fetal development.
How to Include:

  • Add to salads with a dash of lemon juice.
  • Blend into green smoothies.
  • Cook a traditional Indian dish like ‘Palak Paneer’.

2. Almonds

Benefits: Packed with protein and healthy fats, almonds are great for heart health and sustained energy levels.
How to Include:

  • Snack on a handful.
  • Add to morning cereal or oatmeal.
  • Use almond flour in baking.

3. Yogurt

Benefits: A probiotic-rich food that aids in digestion and boosts the immune system.
How to Include:

  • Enjoy as a standalone snack.
  • Incorporate into Indian recipes like ‘Raita’.
  • Blend into smoothies or shakes.

4. Lentils

Benefits: High in protein and fiber, lentils are essential for muscle development and digestive health.
How to Include:

  • Cook into various Indian dishes like ‘Dal’ or ‘Sambar’.
  • Add to salads or soups.
  • Make lentil patties or burgers.

5. Berries

Benefits: Rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, berries help in boosting immunity.
How to Include:

  • Add to smoothies or shakes.
  • Incorporate into desserts like berry parfait.
  • Mix into yogurt or cereal.

6. Avocado

Benefits: High in healthy fats and folic acid, avocados are excellent for fetal brain development.
How to Include:

  • Slice and add to salads.
  • Mash into guacamole.
  • Blend into smoothies.

7. Chia Seeds

Benefits: Rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and fiber, chia seeds are good for heart health and digestion.
How to Include:

  • Add to smoothies.
  • Make chia pudding.
  • Sprinkle over salads or yogurt.

8. Sweet Potatoes

Benefits: Packed with Vitamin A and fiber, sweet potatoes are good for vision and digestive health.
How to Include:

  • Roast as a side dish.
  • Make sweet potato fries.
  • Incorporate into Indian curries.

Cultural Context

In India, traditional wisdom often recommends foods like ‘Ghee’, ‘Ajwain’, and ‘Methi’ during pregnancy. These foods have Ayurvedic properties and are believed to ease the delivery process. However, it’s essential to consult healthcare providers before incorporating these or any other foods into your diet.

Consulting Healthcare Providers

While the benefits of superfoods are widely acknowledged, it’s crucial to remember that each pregnancy is unique. Factors such as pre-existing medical conditions, allergies, and nutritional deficiencies can significantly impact your dietary needs. Therefore, consulting healthcare providers becomes an indispensable step in your pregnancy journey.

Why Consult a Doctor?

Your obstetrician is your primary guide throughout your pregnancy. They can assess your overall health, monitor the baby’s development, and provide personalized advice. Before making any significant changes to your diet, it’s essential to consult your doctor to ensure that the foods you consume are beneficial and safe for both you and your baby.

Role of a Certified Dietitian

A certified dietitian can offer specialized nutritional guidance tailored to your needs. They can help you create a balanced diet plan that includes the right mix of superfoods, vitamins, and minerals essential for a healthy pregnancy and smooth delivery.

Allergy Checks and Food Sensitivities

If you have a history of food allergies or sensitivities, consulting a healthcare provider is even more critical. They can recommend alternative foods that provide similar nutritional benefits without causing adverse reactions.

Medication and Food Interactions

Certain medications prescribed during pregnancy may interact with specific foods, affecting their efficacy or causing side effects. A healthcare provider can guide you on how to navigate these interactions safely.

Traditional and Cultural Beliefs

In India, traditional and cultural beliefs often influence dietary choices during pregnancy. While some of these foods have proven benefits, it’s essential to validate their safety and efficacy with healthcare providers, especially if they are new to you.

Informed Choices

Ultimately, consulting healthcare providers empowers you to make informed choices. It ensures that your diet aligns with your medical history, current health status, and the specific needs of your pregnancy.


A well-balanced diet, rich in superfoods, can significantly ease your journey through pregnancy and delivery. Remember, the choices you make now will not only affect your well-being but also shape the future health of your child. Choose wisely, eat well, and embark on this beautiful journey with confidence and care.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Low Blood Pressure in Pregnancy and Its Treatment 

low blood pressure in pregnancy

AuthorDr Preety Aggarwal


Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Low Blood Pressure in Pregnancy and Its Treatment 


 According to Dr Preety Aggarwal, MBBS, DGO, DNB, Medical Director (Gurgaon)- Obstetrics and Gynaecology, a woman’s body goes through several hormonal and physiological changes during pregnancy. Some of these changes can also cause gestational diabetes or low blood pressure (hypotension). To nourish the growing foetus, the blood vessels in the woman’s body are dilated. This also reduces blood pressure and may also affect the baby if left untreated. Low blood pressure is common during pregnancy and can also be managed by dietary and lifestyle changes.  

What Causes Low Blood Pressure in Pregnancy? 

The best gynaecologist in sector 57 tells us that low blood pressure in pregnancy lasts for close to 24 weeks and resolves on its own as the mother’s body starts adjusting to the pregnancy. A prolonged lowering of blood pressure, however, is detrimental to the health of the mother and the baby.  

The common reasons behind low BP are: 

1. The hormones responsible for the baby’s growth cause dilation of blood vessels. 

2. A growing foetus utilizes your energy for cell division and growth so you feel low on energy levels. 

3. Since nausea and vomiting are also common in pregnancy, the diet slows down which also leads to low energy. 

The other causes also include: 

1. Dehydration. 

2. Excessive vomiting. 

3. Anaemia. 

4. Loss of blood or internal bleeding. 

5. Infections. 

6. Other medical conditions include heart disease. 

What are the Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure? 

The gynaecologist in Gurgaon states the following common low blood pressure symptoms: 

1. Nausea. 

2. Fatigue. 

3. Weakness. 

4. Increased thirst. 

5. Lethargy. 

6. Double or blurred vision. 

7. Weakness. 

8. Cold skin. 

 It is important to note that the initial symptoms of hypotension may not be alarming. A sudden drop in BP, however, can cause: 

1. Falls and shock. 

2. Organ damage. 

3. Ectopic pregnancy. 

 A continued low BP can be fatal for the growing foetus and the mother. Hence, you should reach out to the gynaecologist in Gurgaon for immediate support. 

What is the Treatment for Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy? 

Since hypotension is common during pregnancy, it is usually managed by medications. Apart from medications, the best gynaecologist in sector 57 also recommends lifestyle modifications, this includes: 

1. Diet 

The diet in pregnancy should include a balanced meal. You can create small portions and frequent meals throughout the day instead of one large meal to avoid nausea. Apart from this, make sure to hydrate yourself with coconut water or fruit juices. 

2. Adequate Rest 

If you have low BP, do not get up abruptly from a seated position or while lying on the bed to prevent sudden changes in BP. If you feel dizzy, lie on your left side to increase blood flow to the heart. Make sure that you give yourself sufficient rest. You can also try wearing loose clothes or high-knee compression stockings to improve your blood circulation. 

3. Exercise 

Although sudden physical activity may not be suitable for women with low BP, moderate exercise may help you in the long run. Before starting any workout regime, make sure that you consult a gynaecologist in Gurgaon to prevent complications. 

If you are experiencing low blood pressure during pregnancy, it is important to know when to seek medical attention. You should contact Dr Preety Aggarwal at the Motherhood Hospitals if you are experiencing prolonged symptoms.