Ageing relates to many changes in the body where a woman undergoes some major changes during her 50s. The hormonal changes along with the physical changes are worth noticing during this period, as: • Hormonal changes: During this phase of life, menstruation will cease in women where there will be changing levels of estrogen and other dominant hormones. This alteration can lead to some uncomfortable symptoms while the body is dealing with it, like hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, sleep issues, and importantly, anxiety. Besides, the lining of the vagina also becomes thinner and drier. • Immune system: After the age of 50, the immune system can gradually go slower to invade viruses or any outside threats that can cause infections or any other disease. Besides, the number of fighter cells in your body will also decrease and you are likely to get sick when in contact with any virus, bacteria or pathogen. • Weaker Bones and joints: Postmenopausal phase often leads to calcium deficiency which can lead to weaker bones. During younger years, the body has the capability to replace the broken cells with new and strong ones. However, with age, this tendency decreases where a person has more broken-down cells than replaced ones. In the same way, the joints also become weaker as the tissues and cartilage surrounding them begin to thin over time. • Muscle changes: Besides bone strength, muscle strength is also lost at a rapid rate after turning 50. • Chances of heart attack: With increasing age, the chances of heart attack also increase. The Postmenopause phase results in the decline of estrogen which is linked with the increasing risk of heart disease in women. A combination of a healthy diet along with exercise can attribute to healthy living in ageing women.
In order to sustain a healthy life, a woman must visit a good gynaecologist. A gynaecologist deals with the medical care of women and their reproductive system. Every woman should make a visit to a gynaecologist annually for better health and to manage other changes in their life. Women can face a lot of health issues that can become serious if not treated at the right time so it becomes essential to look for treatment. From the very onset of puberty, there are significant changes like breast development, pregnancy to menopause, etc. during which the risk of diseases also increases in women. Managing these changes and other diseases is a field specialized by a gynaecologist who creates awareness and gives suggestions to maintain sound physical and mental health. It is recommended to visit the gynaecologist between 13 and 15 years of age where a relationship can be established between the patient and the doctor. It can lead to creating awareness about reproductive health topics which includes menstruation. After crossing the age of puberty, during pregnancy, visiting a gynaecologist is a must-go. There are various aspects of pregnancy that can lead to high-risk conditions that can affect the mother and a gynaecologist comes to safeguard the person. The general recommendations and planning to reduce complications of the pregnancy are a way out where a gynaecologist plays an important role to help in the management of this period. Throughout different stages of life, proper education, counselling and prevention methods are excellent guidance that can help a woman to maintain her overall health being. These services are rendered by gynaecologists who can also manage complications of major diseases as well. Therefore, in order to understand the importance of health, it is important to visit a gynaecologist once in a while.
Endometriosis is a chronic condition that affects millions of women worldwide. It is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus, leading to a host of symptoms that can be debilitating and interfere with daily life. In this blog, we will discuss the definition and causes of endometriosis, the symptoms and diagnosis of the condition, and the treatment options available for managing it. We will also explore the impact of endometriosis on women’s lives and the need for more awareness and research in the field.
Endometriosis is defined as the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. The exact cause of endometriosis is not known, but there are several theories that have been proposed.
Causes Of Endometriosis
The exact cause of endometriosis is not known, but several theories have been proposed to explain the development of the condition. These include:
Retrograde menstruation: This theory suggests that menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows backwards through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity, where it implants and grows. Immune system dysfunction: This theory suggests that the body’s immune system is unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that has grown outside of the uterus.
Lymphatic or hematogenous spread: This theory suggests that endometrial cells may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic or blood vessels.
Induction by environmental toxins: This theory suggests that exposure to certain environmental toxins may cause endometrial tissue to grow outside of the uterus.
Genetic factors: Some studies have suggested that endometriosis may have a genetic component, and that certain genetic variations may increase a woman’s risk of developing the condition.
Stem cells: Recently, some studies have been done to show that endometrial tissue outside of the uterus, may originate from stem cells present in the peritoneal cavity.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Symptoms of endometriosis can vary from person to person and can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms of endometriosis include:
Pelvic pain: One of the most common symptoms of endometriosis is pelvic pain. This pain can be felt in the lower abdomen, back, and pelvis, and can be severe, especially during menstrual periods. The endometriosis pain can also be present throughout the month, not only during periods.
Heavy or irregular periods: Women with endometriosis may experience heavy or irregular periods, with bleeding that lasts longer than usual or is more intense than usual.
Infertility: Endometriosis can cause infertility by affecting the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus, making it difficult for eggs to travel to the uterus, and for the fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
Painful intercourse: Endometriosis can cause pain during intercourse due to the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus, which can cause pain and discomfort in the pelvic area.
Fatigue and depression: Endometriosis can also cause fatigue and depression due to chronic pain and the stress of living with a chronic condition.
Bowel and bladder problems: Endometriosis can cause bowel and bladder problems, such as pain during bowel movements, constipation, and diarrhea.
It’s important to note that not all women with endometriosis experience these symptoms, and some women with these symptoms do not have endometriosis. It is essential to consult a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Treatment For Endometriosis
Treatment options for endometriosis vary depending on the individual woman’s symptoms and fertility goals. Some common treatment options include:
Medication: Hormonal medications such as birth control pills or gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH agonists) can be used to manage symptoms by reducing the growth of endometrial tissue. They can also be used to regulate periods and reduce pain.
Surgery: Surgery such as laparoscopy or hysterectomy can be used to remove endometrial tissue and alleviate symptoms. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure in which a small camera is inserted into the abdomen to visualize the pelvic organs, and endometrial tissue is removed. Hysterectomy, with or without removal of ovaries, on the other hand, is the option when the lady has completed her family or in case of very severe endometriosis.
Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet may also play a role in managing endometriosis. Exercise can help to reduce pain and improve overall health, while diet can help to manage symptoms by reducing inflammation.
Complementary therapy: Complementary therapies such as acupuncture, massage, and herbal medicine can be used to manage symptoms of endometriosis and improve overall health.
Support group: Motherhood India offers a wide range of services for women, including treatment for endometriosis. Our team of experienced and skilled gynecologists and specialists are trained to diagnose and treat endometriosis. Our hospitals offer a range of treatment options, such as medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes, to manage the symptoms of endometriosis and improve the overall quality of life for women with the condition.
The choice of treatment will depend on the individual woman’s symptoms, the severity of the condition, and her fertility goals. Some women may choose to try non-surgical options first, such as medication, while others may choose to undergo endometriosis surgery to alleviate symptoms. It is important to consult with a doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.
It’s important to note that there is no cure for endometriosis, and treatment options are aimed at managing symptoms and improving quality of life. Some women may require multiple treatment options or a combination of treatments to effectively manage their symptoms. Recent research and advancements in the field of endometriosis have led to a better understanding of the condition and the development of more effective treatment options. However, there is still a significant lack of awareness and understanding of endometriosis, and more research is needed to improve the lives of women with the condition.
Motherhood India has a dedicated department for infertility treatment, that offers advanced techniques like IVF, ICSI, and IUI, to help women with endometriosis who are struggling to conceive. Additionally, we provide counselling and support services to help women cope with the physical and emotional challenges of living with endometriosis. With the latest technology and a team of experienced specialists, Motherhood India Hospital is a reputable hospital for women with endometriosis looking for comprehensive care.
In conclusion, endometriosis is a chronic condition that affects millions of women worldwide. It is characterised by the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus, leading to a host of symptoms that can be debilitating and interfere with daily life. Treatment options for endometriosis include medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes, and having a support system in place is important for women with the condition.