Understanding Cervical Cancer: The Crucial Role of Early Preventive Health Checks

Author: Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha


Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

Location: Kharghar –

The fight against cervical cancer, a significant health concern for women, particularly those aged 45 and above, requires enhanced awareness and proactive measures. Despite the availability of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) screening, According to Dr.  Surabhi Siddhartha, MBBS, DGO, Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, Kharghar, Mumbai, an increase in cervical cancer diagnosis highlights the need for vigilance. Staying informed, getting regular HPV vaccinations, and undergoing screenings are essential steps to prevent this disease.

The Nature of Cervical Cancer:

Originating in the cervix’s cell lining, the lower part of the uterus, cervical cancer is chiefly caused by persistent infections with high-risk HPV strains, a common sexually transmitted infection. Often labeled as a silent killer, cervical cancer may progress without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding (including bleeding between periods or post-intercourse), foul-smelling or blood-tinged vaginal discharge, and pelvic pain during intercourse or daily activities can signal the presence of advanced cervical cancer, necessitating immediate medical attention.

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha’s Insights:

“Cervical cancer requires heightened awareness, especially in rural areas. Urban detection rates have improved, with 20-25% of women now aware of the risks compared to just 5% previously. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, are critical for early detection. Unfortunately, a decrease in routine screenings and preventive care, especially among younger women, has led to missed early detection opportunities. Lifestyle factors like smoking, obesity, and poor diet, along with shifting sexual behaviors and increasing high-risk HPV infections, are contributing to the rise in cases.”

Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha further notes, “Among 50 patients, only 15-20 come for a Pap smear, indicating a growing but still insufficient awareness of cervical cancer and screening. Alarmingly, HPV vaccination rates among boys are low, with just 1-2% vaccinated compared to 80% of girls. Boys are equally susceptible to HPV and related health complications, including cancers of the mouth, throat, penis, and anus. Boosting HPV vaccination among boys is essential for comprehensive HPV prevention.”

Government Initiatives and Personal Preventive Measures:

To combat the increasing number of cervical cancer cases, the government plans to mandate HPV vaccinations in rural areas, enhancing awareness and preventive care. This initiative aligns with the growing demand for preventive health checkups.

Effective Prevention Strategies:

Cervical cancer is highly preventable. The HPV vaccine offers substantial protection against the virus responsible for most cervical cancers. Regular screenings, including Pap smears and HPV tests, aid in early detection and treatment. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms, can significantly reduce HPV transmission. Additionally, lifestyle factors play a pivotal role in prevention; maintaining a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.

While cervical cancer remains a significant health challenge, its prevention is achievable. Emphasizing early detection, vaccination, and healthy lifestyle choices empowers women to take charge of their health and well-being.

If you have cervical cancer, consult Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Kharghar, Mumbai. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best women’s care hospital in Mumbai at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha, please book your appointment here.


Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Women and Heart Health – Recognizing Risk Factors and Prioritizing Prevention

Understanding the Importance of Women’s Heart Health in India: Heart health is a critical issue for women in India, where changing lifestyle patterns and socio-economic conditions have led to an increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Traditionally perceived as a lesser risk for women, heart diseases are now being recognized as a significant health concern. According to Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist the need for awareness and proactive measures is more crucial than ever, as these conditions not only impact individual lives but also pose a broader social and economic challenge.

Redefining Awareness and Action for Heart Health: The conversation around heart health in India has predominantly focused on men, leaving women’s unique health needs in the shadows. This article aims to bridge that gap by shedding light on the distinct risk factors, symptoms, and preventive strategies pertaining to heart health in women. It emphasizes the critical role of regular health screenings and lifestyle choices in mitigating heart disease risks, and how early intervention can significantly improve health outcomes.

Unique Risks for Women’s Heart Health in India

Prevalence and Impact on Indian Women: Heart disease in Indian women is a growing concern, with studies indicating a rising trend in cardiac issues among this demographic. While traditionally heart diseases were associated with men, the reality today is starkly different. For Indian women, heart health risks escalate particularly post-menopause, but younger women are not immune. Factors like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol play a significant role, along with a lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis contributing to the severity of the situation.

Age-Related Risks and Menopause: The risk of heart diseases in women significantly changes with age. Prior to menopause, women generally have a lower risk of heart diseases compared to men, partly due to the protective effects of estrogen. However, this risk increases post-menopause, when estrogen levels decline, leading to an increased risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart failure. Understanding these age-related risks is crucial for effective prevention and management of heart diseases in women.

Gender-Specific Symptoms and Diagnosis Challenges

Atypical Symptoms in Women: Heart attack symptoms in women often differ from the classic symptoms experienced by men. While chest pain is a common symptom for both genders, women are more likely to experience atypical symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, back or jaw pain, and fatigue. This divergence in symptoms can lead to misdiagnosis or delayed treatment, as these symptoms are often mistaken for less severe conditions.

Gender Disparities in Heart Health Care: The healthcare system has historically been more attuned to male-centric symptoms and treatment of heart diseases, leading to disparities in how women’s heart health issues are diagnosed and managed. Women are less likely to receive aggressive treatment post-heart attack and are more likely to have their symptoms dismissed or misdiagnosed. This gap in healthcare, compounded by socio-cultural factors that often prioritize men’s health, places women at a higher risk of adverse outcomes.

Lifestyle Factors Influencing Heart Health

Diet, Exercise, and Stress: Lifestyle choices play a significant role in heart health. For Indian women, balancing professional and personal responsibilities often leads to neglecting dietary needs and physical activity. A diet high in trans-fats, sugar, and salt, coupled with sedentary habits, contributes significantly to heart disease risk. Moreover, chronic stress, common in fast-paced urban environments, exacerbates these risks, impacting heart health negatively.

Urban Lifestyle and Professional Stress: The urban lifestyle presents unique challenges for women’s heart health. Increased professional responsibilities and societal pressures can lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as poor diet and lack of exercise. Stress management is often overlooked, yet it is a crucial factor in preventing heart diseases. Emphasizing the importance of a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and stress reduction techniques is essential for heart health, particularly for women in urban settings.

The Importance of Regular Screenings and Early Detection

Emphasizing Heart Health Screenings: Regular health screenings play a pivotal role in early detection of heart diseases, particularly for women. In India, where health check-ups are often neglected, especially among women, emphasizing the importance of regular screenings is crucial. Screenings like blood pressure checks, cholesterol levels, ECGs, and stress tests should be a routine part of healthcare, especially for those with a family history of heart diseases or other risk factors such as diabetes or obesity.

The Significance of Early Detection: Early detection of heart diseases can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of severe complications. For Indian women, understanding and recognizing the early signs of heart issues is key. Awareness campaigns and health education should focus on educating women about symptoms and the necessity of timely medical consultation. This can not only save lives but also reduce the long-term impact of heart diseases on women’s health.

Prevention Strategies and Healthy Lifestyle Habits

Diet and Exercise for Heart Health: A heart-healthy diet and regular exercise are fundamental in preventing heart diseases. For Indian women, incorporating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins is essential. Limiting the intake of saturated fats, trans fats, and sugars can also contribute to better heart health. Additionally, engaging in regular physical activities like brisk walking, yoga, or swimming can help maintain a healthy weight, reduce stress, and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Stress Management and Mental Well-being: Mental health and stress management are integral to preventing heart diseases. Chronic stress, common among women juggling multiple roles, can have adverse effects on heart health. Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and adequate rest are vital for mental well-being. Creating a supportive environment, both at home and at work, can help in managing stress and promoting heart health. Community support groups and counseling can also be beneficial in addressing mental health concerns that impact heart health.


Emphasizing the Priority of Women’s Heart Health: The significance of heart health for women in India cannot be overstated. In a landscape where lifestyle changes and socio-economic factors contribute to rising cardiovascular risks, it becomes imperative to focus on proactive health management. Recognizing the unique challenges women face regarding heart diseases, from atypical symptoms to gender-specific risk factors, is a crucial step towards better health outcomes.

Advocating for Comprehensive Health Strategies: To effectively combat heart diseases in women, a multi-faceted approach is needed. This involves not only individual efforts in terms of regular health screenings and adopting healthier lifestyle choices but also broader initiatives from healthcare systems and policymakers. By ensuring that women’s heart health is addressed with the same diligence and urgency as men’s, we can begin to close the gap in healthcare disparities.

The Role of Community and Support Networks: The fight against heart diseases in women is not just a medical challenge but a social one as well. Building strong support networks, increasing community awareness, and promoting education about heart health are integral. Empowering women with the knowledge and resources to manage their heart health effectively can lead to a transformative shift in the way heart diseases are perceived and treated in India.

Looking Forward to a Healthier Future: As we move forward, the goal should be to create an environment where women’s heart health is a priority, not an afterthought. Encouraging regular medical check-ups, fostering environments that support mental well-being, and advocating for gender-specific research in heart health are key. Together, we can work towards a future where every woman in India has the opportunity to lead a heart-healthy life.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty

Author:   Dr. Tejinder Kaur

MBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine

Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali

Empowering Girls – Fostering Healthy Conversations about Puberty:

Puberty, a critical phase in a girl’s life, signifies a transition not only in her physical form but also in her emotional and psychological realms. In the Indian context, this period is often shrouded in silence and unease, making it imperative for parents and educators to step in with guidance and openness. As per Author: Dr. Tejinder KaurMBBS, Diploma in Hospital Administration, Diploma of National Board training, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Consultant: Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at  Motherhood Hospital, Mohali, by understanding the multifaceted nature of puberty, adults can play a pivotal role in easing the journey for young girls. This phase, marked by significant growth and challenges, calls for an informed and empathetic approach to help girls navigate these changes confidently and knowledgeably.

Importance of Fostering Open Conversations about Puberty

In many Indian households, the topic of puberty is treated as taboo, leaving young girls bewildered and apprehensive. To counter this, initiating healthy and open dialogues about the physical and emotional changes during puberty is essential. Such conversations not only demystify this natural process but also empower girls to articulate their feelings and seek necessary guidance. Embracing these discussions paves the way for a more informed, confident approach to the physical and emotional transformations during puberty, fostering a positive self-image and a sense of preparedness among young girls.

Creating a Supportive Environment

Encouraging Open Dialogue Starting conversations about puberty can be daunting, but it’s crucial in creating a supportive environment. Parents and educators should engage in open dialogue with girls, using simple, relatable language to explain the changes they will experience. It’s important to provide a safe space where girls feel comfortable asking questions and expressing their concerns. Creating such an environment requires patience, understanding, and reassurance, ensuring that young girls feel heard and supported.

Deepening Understanding Through Dialogue

Building on initial conversations, it’s essential to deepen understanding by discussing more specific aspects of puberty. Topics like menstrual health, emotional fluctuations, and body image should be introduced gradually and handled with sensitivity. Parents and educators can use resources like books or educational videos to aid these discussions. Ensuring that girls have access to accurate and comprehensive information is key to helping them navigate puberty with confidence and ease.

Understanding Emotional Well-being

Emotional well-being is a critical aspect of navigating puberty. Parents and educators should acknowledge and address the range of emotions that girls may experience during this time. Open conversations about feelings, mood swings, and self-esteem are important. Adults should offer a listening ear, provide comfort, and foster a positive self-image. Encouraging girls to express themselves and validating their emotions plays a significant role in their emotional development.

Fostering Emotional Resilience

In addition to understanding emotional well-being, fostering emotional resilience is vital. This involves teaching girls coping mechanisms for stress and anxiety, such as mindfulness or journaling. It also includes promoting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, which can have positive effects on emotional health. By equipping girls with the tools to manage their emotions effectively, parents and educators can help them develop resilience and a strong sense of self.

Educating on Physical and Emotional Changes

Explaining the Physical Changes Education about the physical aspects of puberty is essential for young girls. It involves explaining the development of secondary sexual characteristics like breast growth, menstrual health, and the appearance of pubic hair. In India, where cultural misconceptions often obscure these topics, providing clear, factual, and age-appropriate information is paramount. Such education helps demystify bodily changes and equips girls with the necessary knowledge to manage these changes. Parents and educators should approach this topic with sensitivity, using straightforward, non-alarming language, and progressively deepening the discussion as the child’s understanding grows.

Navigating Emotional Changes

Alongside physical development, puberty is characterized by a myriad of emotional changes. It’s vital for parents and educators to guide young girls through these emotional shifts, which can include mood swings, increased sensitivity, and self-consciousness about their changing bodies. Open discussions about these emotional experiences should be encouraged, emphasizing that these feelings are normal and part of growing up. Activities that promote self-esteem, such as arts, sports, or journaling, can be beneficial. A supportive approach in these conversations will aid young girls in developing a balanced and healthy emotional perspective during puberty.

Promoting Hygiene and Self-Care

Hygiene Practices During Puberty The importance of hygiene during puberty cannot be overstated, especially in the context of menstrual health. It’s crucial for young girls to understand the basics of menstrual hygiene, including the use of sanitary products and the importance of regular bathing. In India, where discussions about menstruation are often limited, clear and practical guidance is essential. This education should be imparted in a sensitive and straightforward manner, helping girls to manage their personal hygiene with confidence and independence.

Furthering Hygiene Education

Expanding on basic hygiene practices, it’s important to discuss broader aspects like the significance of cleanliness during menstruation, proper disposal of sanitary products, and maintaining general body hygiene. Addressing these topics helps dispel myths and misconceptions, providing young girls with a complete picture of hygiene management. This comprehensive approach not only fosters personal responsibility but also contributes to overall health and well-being.

Self-Care and Wellness

The transition through puberty is accompanied by an increased need for self-care, encompassing both physical and mental health. Encouraging a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep is essential for physical development. Additionally, activities that support mental health, such as meditation, reading, or pursuing hobbies, play a vital role. These practices not only aid in physical growth but also help manage the stress and emotional fluctuations that often accompany puberty.

Promoting Holistic Wellness

Holistic wellness during puberty extends beyond physical health to include emotional and social well-being. Parents and educators should encourage practices that foster self-esteem and body positivity, helping girls to embrace their changing bodies. Discussions on the importance of a supportive social circle, engaging in community activities, and developing a healthy lifestyle contribute to a well-rounded approach to self-care. This holistic focus ensures that young girls are equipped to handle the challenges of puberty with resilience and positivity.

Fostering Peer Support and Community Involvement

Building a Supportive Peer Network Peer support plays a vital role during puberty, offering a sense of understanding and shared experience. Encouraging open discussions among peers helps young girls realize they are not alone in their experiences. Schools and communities in India can foster this support by organizing group activities or discussion forums, providing a platform for girls to connect and share. Such a network can alleviate the feeling of isolation and build a supportive community, making the journey through puberty less daunting.

Community and School Involvement

Schools and community organizations are instrumental in providing comprehensive puberty education and support. In India, where traditional norms may restrict these conversations, organized efforts by schools and communities can make a significant difference. Workshops, seminars, and resource distribution can provide girls and parents with much-needed information and guidance. This active involvement helps break down cultural barriers, allowing for a more open, informative approach to discussing puberty, thereby enhancing the overall support system for young girls.

Empowering Girls for the Future Navigating puberty is a significant milestone in a girl’s life, bringing physical, emotional, and psychological changes. By actively promoting open discussions and providing comprehensive education on these aspects, we empower young girls to embrace this journey with confidence and knowledge. Motherhood Hospitals plays a pivotal role in this endeavor, offering resources and expert guidance to ensure that every girl receives the support and understanding she needs. Their commitment to fostering healthy conversations about puberty exemplifies their dedication to the well-being of girls in India. Let’s join hands with institutions like Motherhood Hospitals to ensure a supportive, informed environment for every girl stepping into this transformative phase.

If you are on the verge of menopause or are going through menopause along with urinary symptoms, consult Dr Tejinder Kaur at the Motherhood Hospitals.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do make an appointment with the best woman’s care hospital in Mohali at a center closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Tejinder Kaur, please book your appointment here.

The Ultimate Guide to Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Support

Guide to Postpartum Depression

Author: Dr. Kiran Yadav 

MBBS, DGO, DNB Fellowship in laparoscopy Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecology

The Ultimate Guide to Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Support:

In India Postpartum depression, a significant mental health concern, affects numerous new mothers globally and is particularly pressing in India. Despite its growing recognition, PPD remains shrouded in silence and stigma, especially in Indian society where mental health issues are often overlooked. According to Dr. Kiran Yadav, MBBS, DGO, DNB Fellowship in laparoscopy Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Senior Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecology,  This condition, manifesting after childbirth, encompasses a range of emotional and psychological challenges that can deeply impact a mother’s well-being. The prevalence of PPD in India, a country marked by its rich cultural diversity and strong familial structures, calls for a nuanced understanding and approach to this condition. It’s essential to highlight that postpartum depression in India (PPD India) is not merely a medical concern but also a social issue, requiring holistic attention and sensitivity.

The Significance of Awareness and Support

Creating awareness about postpartum depression is crucial, particularly in the context of new mothers in India. Often, the symptoms of PPD are misunderstood or dismissed as general fatigue or moodiness associated with motherhood. This lack of awareness not only hinders timely intervention but also adds to the emotional burden of the mothers. Emphasizing the importance of support systems, be it familial, social, or medical, is vital in the journey towards recovery. Motherhood hospitals in India play a pivotal role in this context, offering not just medical care but also psychological support and guidance. Bridging the gap between suffering in silence and seeking help, these hospitals and their support systems stand as beacons of hope for many new mothers grappling with PPD in India.

Understanding Postpartum Depression

Defining Postpartum Depression and Differentiating from ‘Baby Blues’ .

Postpartum depression is a complex mental health condition that emerges after childbirth, characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, and fatigue. Unlike the common ‘baby blues’ that affect many new mothers and typically resolve within a couple of weeks, PPD is a more severe condition that requires medical attention. In the Indian context, where emotional well-being is often relegated to the background, distinguishing PPD from the normal stress and fatigue of new motherhood becomes crucial. Understanding the nature and severity of PPD symptoms is the first step towards effective management and support for new mothers in India.

PPD in the Indian and Global Context Globally, PPD is a recognized mental health issue, but its prevalence and manifestation in India present unique challenges. The cultural dynamics and societal expectations in India can exacerbate the stress and isolation felt by new mothers, potentially intensifying the symptoms of PPD. In a society where the role of a mother is idealized, women often find themselves under immense pressure to conform to these ideals, which can contribute to the development of PPD. The acknowledgement and understanding of PPD within the Indian context are crucial in formulating appropriate and culturally sensitive interventions. This recognition is especially important given the high societal expectations and mental health stigma that new mothers in India often face.

Symptoms and Identification of PPD in India

Common Symptoms of Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression manifests through a range of symptoms that can significantly affect a mother’s mental and emotional state. These symptoms often include deep sadness, a sense of hopelessness, severe mood swings, and an overwhelming feeling of exhaustion that goes beyond typical fatigue. In addition, mothers with PPD might experience difficulty bonding with their baby, changes in eating and sleeping patterns, and a lack of interest in activities they once enjoyed. These symptoms are not just fleeting moments of discomfort but persistent feelings that last for weeks or longer, profoundly impacting the mother’s quality of life and ability to care for herself and her newborn.

PPD Symptoms in the Indian Cultural Context

In the Indian context, the symptoms of PPD can be more challenging to identify and address due to cultural nuances and societal expectations placed on new mothers. The pressure to immediately adapt to motherhood and the stigma surrounding mental health can lead to underreporting of PPD symptoms. Indian mothers may also experience unique stressors such as the societal pressure for son preference, which can exacerbate feelings of inadequacy and guilt, particularly if the newborn is a girl. These cultural factors, combined with the lack of awareness about PPD, mean that many Indian mothers suffer in silence, unaware that their experiences align with the symptoms of postpartum depression. Recognizing these culturally specific manifestations is critical in providing appropriate support and treatment for PPD in India.

Causes and Risk Factors of PPD Biological and Hormonal Influences

The onset of postpartum depression is often linked to the significant hormonal changes that occur after childbirth. The rapid drop in hormones like estrogen and progesterone, along with changes in other hormones, can trigger mood swings and depression. Additionally, the physical exhaustion from childbirth and lack of sleep can contribute to the development of PPD. It’s crucial to understand that these biological factors are universal and not specific to any one culture or country, including India. This biological perspective helps in destigmatizing the condition, emphasizing that PPD is not a result of personal failure but a medical condition that requires attention and care.

Socio-Cultural Factors Specific to India

In India, several socio-cultural factors play a significant role in the development and intensity of postpartum depression. Cultural practices, societal expectations, and family dynamics significantly influence a mother’s emotional well-being. For example, the prevalence of joint family systems can lead to increased pressure and expectations, while also providing a support network. However, this support can sometimes be a double-edged sword, as it may come with its own set of demands and expectations. Additionally, factors like domestic violence, son preference, and the stigma associated with mental health issues in Indian society can significantly contribute to the risk of developing PPD. Understanding these socio-cultural dynamics is essential in addressing postpartum depression effectively in the Indian context.

Medical Treatments Available in India

In India, the treatment for postpartum depression includes a combination of medication and therapy, similar to global standards. Antidepressants are prescribed to balance the chemicals in the brain that affect mood and emotions. However, it’s crucial for healthcare providers to consider factors like breastfeeding when prescribing medication to new mothers. In addition to pharmacological treatments, therapy plays a vital role. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) have shown effectiveness in treating PPD. These therapies help mothers deal with their emotions, develop coping strategies, and improve their relationship dynamics, which can be particularly beneficial in the context of the family-centric Indian society.

Importance of Psychological Counseling and Therapy

Psychological counseling and therapy are essential components of treating PPD in India, where mental health is often stigmatized. Counseling provides a safe space for mothers to express their feelings and thoughts without judgment. This support is crucial in a society where discussing mental health can be challenging. Therapy sessions can also educate family members about PPD, helping them understand the mother’s experience and how they can provide support. Such inclusive approaches are significant in Indian society, where family plays a central role in an individual’s life. Therapists can also address cultural and societal pressures that may contribute to the mother’s mental health, making therapy a crucial aspect of PPD treatment in India.

Family and Societal Support

In India, the family is often the primary support system for new mothers. Family members can play a significant role in identifying the signs of PPD and encouraging the mother to seek help. Support from the spouse, parents, and in-laws can greatly influence the mother’s recovery journey. Societal support, including understanding and empathy from friends, neighbors, and the community, can also contribute significantly to a mother’s well-being. In a country where communal ties are strong, building awareness and sensitivity towards PPD in the wider community can be a powerful tool in supporting mothers.

Role of Healthcare Providers and Community Resources

Healthcare providers in India, including gynecologists, pediatricians, and mental health professionals, play a critical role in diagnosing and treating PPD. Routine screening for PPD during postnatal visits can help in early identification and intervention. Motherhood hospitals in India are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing mental health post-childbirth and are equipped to offer the necessary medical and psychological support. Community resources, such as support groups for new mothers, play a vital role in providing a shared space for mothers to discuss their experiences and feelings. These groups, often facilitated by mental health professionals, can offer invaluable peer support and practical advice for managing PPD in the Indian context.

Dealing with Stigma and Societal Pressures

In India, the stigma associated with mental health issues, including postpartum depression, poses a significant challenge for new mothers. This stigma can prevent women from seeking help and acknowledging their struggles, leading to prolonged suffering. Societal pressures, such as expectations of immediate bonding with the baby, being a perfect mother, and handling household responsibilities, can exacerbate feelings of inadequacy and guilt in mothers experiencing PPD. Addressing these stigmas and pressures is crucial. Public awareness campaigns, education, and open conversations about mental health can help change perceptions and encourage mothers to seek the help they need without fear of judgment.

  1. Balancing Traditional Practices with Modern Medical Advice

    In the Indian context, traditional postpartum practices and rituals are common, some of which may impact the mental health of new mothers. While these practices are rooted in cultural beliefs and can provide comfort and support, some may also contribute to feelings of isolation or stress. Balancing these traditional practices with modern medical advice is key. Healthcare providers should be culturally sensitive and work with families to find a balance that respects cultural practices while prioritizing the mental health and well-being of the mother. Educating families about the importance of mental health care and the benefits of combining cultural practices with medical advice can aid in creating a supportive environment for new mothers.

List of Resources Available for PPD in India

India offers a variety of resources for mothers experiencing postpartum depression, including mental health clinics, online platforms, and helplines specifically catering to PPD. Many motherhood hospitals across India provide counseling services and support groups for new mothers. Additionally, national mental health programs and NGOs offer support and guidance, making it easier for mothers to access the help they need. Compiling a list of these resources, including contact information and services offered, can be a valuable addition to the article, providing mothers with a starting point for seeking help.

Information on Support Groups and Access

Support groups play a vital role in managing PPD, offering a platform for mothers to share their experiences and feelings with others who understand their struggles. In India, these groups are available both offline and online, providing accessible options for mothers across different regions. Information about how to access these support groups, what to expect from them, and how they can be beneficial should be detailed. This information can empower mothers to take that crucial step towards seeking support and building a community that understands and empathizes with their journey.

In conclusion, understanding, recognizing, and effectively managing postpartum depression is crucial for the well-being of new mothers, especially in the Indian context. By summarizing the key points covered in the article, such as the importance of recognizing symptoms, the role of medical and familial support, and the available resources, we can reinforce the message that PPD is a significant but manageable condition. Encouraging mothers to seek help and assuring them that they are not alone in their journey can make a substantial difference in their recovery process.

Postpartum depression is a medical condition that deserves attention and care, and that help is available, can provide comfort and encouragement to those struggling. Highlighting the strength and resilience of mothers and the importance of their mental health can inspire both individuals and communities to take proactive steps towards addressing PPD in a supportive, empathetic manner.

Dr. Kiran Yadav will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Gurgaon.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon . We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Gurgaon  at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Kiran Yadav, please book your appointment here

Menstrual Hygiene Management – Breaking Taboos and Empowering Women

Menstrual Hygiene Management new

Author: Dr Monika Choudhary

MBBS, MS( Obs & Gynae)

Senior Consultant – Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Menstrual Hygiene Management – Breaking Taboos and Empowering Women:

Menstruation in India is deeply enmeshed in a cultural context, characterized by a mix of silence, stigma, and traditional practices. In many parts of the country, menstruation is not just a physiological phenomenon but a matter that influences social norms, religious practices, and even educational opportunities. According to Dr Monika Choudhary, MBBS, MS( Obs & Gynae), Senior Consultant – Obstetrics and Gynecology, Despite the advancements in healthcare and awareness, many women and girls in India still face challenges in managing their menstrual health due to lack of knowledge, access to sanitary products, and the persistence of age-old taboos. These societal norms often lead to misinformation and myths about menstruation, impacting the way it is perceived and managed. This scenario presents a paradoxical picture where, on one hand, there is increasing access to menstrual hygiene products, and on the other, persistent socio-cultural barriers that prevent open discussion and education about menstrual health.

Impact on Health and Social Life

The impact of these cultural and social norms is far-reaching, affecting not just the physical health of women but also their mental and social well-being. In many rural and even urban areas, menstruating women are often considered impure and are subjected to various restrictions. This not only perpetuates a sense of shame and embarrassment but also hinders their participation in day-to-day activities and decision-making processes. The lack of proper menstrual hygiene facilities in schools leads to higher absenteeism among girls, impacting their education and future prospects. Moreover, inadequate menstrual hygiene can lead to serious health issues, including reproductive tract infections. This complex web of challenges highlights the need for a comprehensive approach to menstrual hygiene management that not only addresses the physical needs but also tackles the socio-cultural barriers.

Importance of Menstrual Hygiene Management

Defining Menstrual Hygiene Management

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) encompasses a range of practices and services that enable women and girls to use clean menstrual management materials, have access to facilities to change and dispose of these materials, and receive adequate information about menstruation and hygiene. It’s a holistic concept that includes not just the provision of menstrual products but also ensuring privacy, safety, and dignity during menstruation. MHM is essential for maintaining physical health, as it helps prevent infections and other health complications. However, its importance extends beyond health; it is a matter of human rights and gender equality. Effective MHM contributes to the empowerment of women and girls, enabling them to participate fully in education, work, and social life without the constraints and disruptions caused by menstruation.

The Role of Education and Social Change

Education plays a pivotal role in changing the narrative around menstruation. By integrating menstrual health education in schools and communities, we can dispel myths and misconceptions, fostering a more open and supportive environment for discussing menstrual health. This education should not be limited to girls but should also involve boys, men, and community leaders to change the broader societal attitudes towards menstruation. In addition, increasing the availability and affordability of menstrual hygiene products is crucial. This involves not only providing the products but also ensuring that they are suitable for different needs and preferences. Furthermore, initiatives that promote sustainable and environmentally friendly menstrual products can have a lasting impact on both health and the environment. The goal of MHM should be to create a society where menstruation is not a barrier but a natural aspect of life that is managed with dignity and without discrimination.

Understanding Menstrual Hygiene Management

Definition and Key Aspects

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) refers to the practice of using clean menstrual management materials to absorb or collect menstrual blood, and having access to facilities to change and dispose of these materials. Key aspects of MHM include the availability of safe, affordable, and effective menstrual products; access to clean water and soap for hygiene purposes; and private, clean, and safe facilities for changing and disposing of menstrual materials. MHM also involves educating women and girls about the menstrual cycle and how to manage it with dignity. This education is crucial in dispelling myths and promoting healthy practices. Effective MHM is not just a health issue but a matter of gender equality and human rights, impacting women’s and girls’ education, health, and overall socio-economic status.

The Role of Education and Awareness

Education and awareness are pivotal in improving menstrual hygiene practices. In the Indian context, where menstruation is often a taboo subject, educating girls and women about menstrual health is essential for empowering them to make informed decisions about their bodies and health. Additionally, education should extend to boys, men, and community leaders to change the broader societal attitudes towards menstruation. Awareness campaigns can focus on the importance of menstrual hygiene, the challenges faced by women and girls, and the available solutions. Schools can play a significant role by incorporating menstrual health education into their curriculum, providing students with accurate information from an early age. Community-based programs can also help in reaching out to women and girls who are out of the school system, ensuring they too have access to menstrual health education.

Societal Challenges and Taboos

Cultural Attitudes and Misconceptions

In many parts of India, menstruation is surrounded by a myriad of cultural attitudes and misconceptions that significantly impact women’s lives. These taboos often portray menstruation as something impure or shameful, leading to restrictions on women’s activities during their periods. Women and girls are often excluded from social and religious events, and in some cases, even barred from entering certain parts of their homes. These practices not only reinforce the stigma around menstruation but also perpetuate gender inequality. The myths and misconceptions about menstruation are deeply rooted in cultural and religious beliefs, making them challenging to change. However, addressing these misconceptions is crucial for improving menstrual hygiene and women’s health.

Impact on Women’s Health and Education

The taboos and cultural practices surrounding menstruation have significant implications for women’s health and education. The lack of proper menstrual hygiene facilities and the stigma associated with menstruation often lead to higher rates of absenteeism among girls in schools. This impacts their educational attainment and future opportunities. Furthermore, inadequate menstrual hygiene practices can result in health issues like reproductive tract infections, which can have long-term consequences on women’s health. The lack of open dialogue and education about menstrual health exacerbates these issues, as many girls and women lack the knowledge and resources to manage their menstruation effectively and hygienically. Breaking these taboos and changing societal attitudes is therefore essential for improving both the health and educational outcomes for women and girls.

Sustainable and Affordable Menstrual Products

Types of Sustainable Products

Sustainable menstrual products are crucial for both environmental conservation and menstrual hygiene. In India, there is a growing awareness and availability of sustainable menstrual products such as menstrual cups, reusable cloth pads, and biodegradable sanitary napkins. These products offer eco-friendly alternatives to traditional disposable pads and tampons, which contribute to environmental pollution. Menstrual cups, made of medical-grade silicone, provide a long-lasting and cost-effective solution, while reusable cloth pads offer a comfortable and affordable option. Biodegradable pads, made from natural materials like bamboo fiber, are also gaining popularity. These sustainable products not only help in reducing the environmental impact but also offer women more choices in managing their menstrual health.

Accessibility and Affordability

Despite the availability of these sustainable products, their accessibility and affordability remain significant challenges, especially for women in rural and low-income urban areas. Many women and girls lack awareness of these products or face barriers in accessing them due to their cost and availability. To address this, it is essential to create awareness about these products and ensure they are affordable and accessible to all women, regardless of their socio-economic status. This can be achieved through government initiatives, NGO campaigns, and partnerships with private companies. Subsidizing the cost of these products, providing them in schools and community health centers, and conducting outreach and education programs can significantly increase their accessibility. Ensuring that every woman has access to affordable and sustainable menstrual products is a critical step towards improving menstrual hygiene and empowering women.

Role of Healthcare Systems

Healthcare Support and Facilities

The healthcare system plays a crucial role in menstrual hygiene management. In India, there is a need for more comprehensive healthcare support that includes not just the provision of menstrual products but also education, counseling, and treatment related to menstrual health. Healthcare facilities should be equipped to offer advice and support on menstrual hygiene, and healthcare workers should be trained to address menstrual health issues sensitively and effectively. This includes discussing safe and hygienic menstrual practices, providing information about different menstrual products, and addressing any health concerns related to menstruation. Additionally, healthcare facilities should have the necessary infrastructure, such as private and clean toilets, to support menstrual hygiene.

Initiatives and Programs

Several initiatives and programs in India aim to improve menstrual hygiene management. Government schemes like the Menstrual Hygiene Scheme and initiatives by various NGOs focus on providing sanitary napkins at subsidized rates, conducting awareness campaigns, and improving facilities in schools. These initiatives are crucial in reaching out to underprivileged sections of society and addressing the gaps in menstrual hygiene management. However, there is still a need for more comprehensive programs that not only focus on providing menstrual products but also address the cultural and educational aspects of menstrual hygiene. Collaborative efforts between the government, NGOs, healthcare providers, and communities can create a more holistic approach to improving menstrual hygiene management in India.

Empowering Women Through Menstrual Hygiene Education

Community Engagement and Education Programs

Community engagement and education are pivotal in empowering women through menstrual hygiene management. In India, where menstrual taboos are prevalent, community-based education programs can play a significant role in changing perceptions and practices. These programs should be designed to include not only women and girls but also men and boys, as changing the societal attitudes towards menstruation requires a collective effort. Effective programs can involve interactive workshops, awareness campaigns, and the involvement of local health workers and educators. Such initiatives can help in normalizing conversations about menstruation, educating the community about menstrual health, and advocating for the rights and needs of women and girls. Community engagement also opens avenues for addressing other related issues such as reproductive health, gender equality, and women’s rights, thereby fostering a more inclusive and supportive environment for women.

Breaking the Silence Around Menstruation

Breaking the silence around menstruation is a critical step towards empowering women and girls. This involves challenging the taboos and myths surrounding menstruation and promoting open and healthy discussions about menstrual health. Schools, colleges, workplaces, and community centers can be effective platforms for initiating these conversations. Incorporating menstrual health education into school curricula can ensure that young people receive accurate and timely information. Campaigns and media initiatives that portray menstruation in a positive light can also help in breaking down the stigma. By creating spaces where menstruation is discussed openly and without shame, we can empower women and girls to manage their menstruation with confidence and dignity.


The Way Forward
Addressing the challenges of menstrual hygiene management in India requires a multifaceted approach that combines education, access to affordable and sustainable menstrual products, healthcare support, and societal change. The key to progress lies in breaking the taboos and creating a culture where menstruation is not a barrier but a natural and respected part of life. This change is not only about improving women’s health but also about promoting gender equality and empowering women to fully participate in all aspects of society. As we move forward, it is crucial to continue advocating for better menstrual hygiene management, investing in education and infrastructure, and fostering community engagement to support this cause.

Whether it’s by educating oneself and others, supporting initiatives that aim to improve menstrual hygiene, or advocating for policy changes, every action counts. Motherhood Hospitals India encourages readers to join in this effort to break down taboos and empower women and girls across the nation. Together, we can create a future where menstrual hygiene management is a right, not a privilege.

Dr Monika Choudhary will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Gurgaon.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon . We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do make an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Gurgaon  at a center closest to you. Please meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue, and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr Monika Choudhary, please book your appointment here.

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

Tips to strengthen mind, body, and soul

A holistic approach to well-being involves bringing these three aspects (mind, body & soul) of the self into balance to create harmony and health. As we become balanced and harmonious, the unavoidable pressures of life have less impact on us. We respond to situations more consciously, and our interactions with people & situations become more purposeful, calm, and relaxed. We feel union and harmony everywhere, whether it’s an office meeting, a small talk with our kids, or a social affair. Our outer world reflects the same perspective that we feel in our harmonious inner world. Live up, connect the elements of your existence, and find more meaning in life.

Get some fresh air

It’s difficult to find a place in the city where you can breathe fresh air. Because of that, never forget to use your vacation to give yourself the time to visit the countryside or any place close to nature. Surely, your body will thank you for the fresh air you’ll give it.

Energize morning routine

It’s been proven that at least 30 minutes of exercise every morning can improve your physical and mental health. If you can, start your day with jogging or exercise. Apart from that, also include a hearty meal in your morning routine to help you go through until lunchtime.


Find a warm and comfortable spot in your home or bedroom. Give yourself some quiet time. Make sure that there are no noisy people or cars around the time you meditate. Relax, breathe, and meditate.

Acknowledge your thoughts

If you have disturbing and sad thoughts, write them down and forget them. Keep a journal or diary with you all the time. Acknowledging those feelings, moods, and thoughts through writing can help you overcome them quickly and make your mind more resilient.

Stay away from the gadgets

According to research, staying on social media platforms for extended amounts of time has become one of the leading causes of stress and anxiety. While looking at beautiful pictures of successful people on the internet can be fun, it can cause you to look down on yourself and your life, which can lead to depression. Stop that, and free your soul and mind from the traffic that others on the internet desperately want you to see.


Never pass up the opportunity to travel. It’s beneficial for you. Traveling can give you an enlightening experience which can improve your body, mind, and soul’s alacrity. It can do that by forcing you out of your comfort zone, exposing you to other cultures, giving you new memorable experiences, and so on.


Give yourself time to relax. Permit it. In this modern day and age, it’s difficult for most people just to stop what they’re doing and relax. Most of them will say they must always work to survive. While your money can survive, surely you can’t. You don’t need to be against it.


You can do many things to strengthen your mind, body, and soul. While most of the things here are too obvious to do, many still need to follow any of the things listed here. Take these as a challenge and watch yourself improve in just a few weeks of discipline.

Early warning signs of thyroid disorders

Early warning signs of thyroid disorder

Early warning signs of thyroid disorder

What is a thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. It’s responsible for producing and regulating certain hormones in the body. The two primary hormones produced by the thyroid are:

  • Triiodothyronine
  • Thyroxine

These hormones also affect the heart rate, blood pressure, and the body’s oxygen use. If the gland produces fluctuating thyroid hormones – too many or too few – it can lead to various disorders.

What are the main types of thyroid diseases?


This is when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, causing the metabolism to slow down. This condition is also known as an underactive thyroid.

Symptoms include:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Cold intolerance
  • Constipation
  • Mood disturbances like depression


This occurs when the gland produces too much thyroid hormone, which causes the body’s metabolism to speed up. This is also known as an overactive thyroid.

Symptoms include:

  • Weight loss
  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Increased heart rate
  • Sweating


This is when the thyroid gland becomes inflamed, typically in response to viral infections or autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases that can cause this thyroiditis include:

  • Graves’ disease
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Postpartum thyroiditis
  • Thyroid eye disease

Thyroid nodules

Nodules are growths or lumps on the thyroid gland that can cause either the overproduction or underproduction of thyroid hormone. Nodules can be cancerous or benign.

Thyroid cancer

This is a rare type of cancer that develops in the thyroid gland. It often doesn’t cause any initial symptoms, but it is accompanied by:

  • A lump or swelling in the neck
  • An enlarged thyroid gland
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Changes in voice

Early warning signs

While many of the biological functions of the body are dependent on the thyroid hormone, there are many early signs and symptoms that may appear due to its imbalance and indicate there is an issue with your thyroid, such as:

Fatigue or excessive tiredness:

Fatigue caused by thyroid disorders can’t be cured by taking ample amounts of sleep or rest. If there is any problem with the thyroid gland, a person may feel tired and fatigued for most of the time.

High heart rate:

Hyperthyroidism can concur to an excessive heart rate. When the thyroid gland is produced in large quantities, blood pressure can increase which can lead to an increasing heart rate.


Many people may suffer from feelings of anxiety when they have hyperthyroidism. There can be some emotional outbursts where they may feel trouble controlling it, along with angry feelings.

Weight gain:

Since thyroid hormone regulates your metabolism, it can greatly impact your body weight. This is usually due to the water and salt retaining in the body.

Weight loss:

Due to thyroid problems, there can be weight loss as well which is the early signs of it. The amount of weight lost during this condition will be dependent upon the severity of the problem.

Body shakes:

Since there can be high blood pressure during this condition, it can lead to trembling as a result of nervousness. If you have repetitive signs of shaky hands or body twitches, there is a need to go for thyroid testing.

Sensitivity to heat and cold:

When you have an overactive thyroid, you may feel sensitivity to heat as a common symptom. Moreover, people suffering from hypothyroidism can experience cold hands and feet as well.

Depending on the type of thyroid disorder you are dealing with, you may experience various ways in which it can affect you. You need to follow a diagnostic procedure and must make it a point to visit the best endocrinologist nearest to you.

Essential workout tips for women

Essential workout tips for women

Essential workout tips for women

Well-being involves bringing these three aspects (mind, body & soul) of the self into balance to create harmony and health. As we become balanced and harmonious, the unavoidable pressures of life have less impact on us. We respond to situations more consciously, and our interactions with people & situations become more purposeful, calm, and relaxed.

Training programs for strength

Women can benefit from strength training programs that are designed specifically for them. Weight lifting is one of the best workout tips for strengthening the muscles in the legs. However, many women are not heavy enough to benefit from weight lifting, so they would benefit from incorporating exercise bikes or even swimming into their program as well.

Mindful eating

Many women think that they can eat anything that they want when going to the gym. There is nothing wrong with that but it is better to choose a diet that you can follow in the long run and that can also help you succeed at your exercise goals. Women need to be careful about what they eat when following any weight loss exercises, dumbbell exercises, or any other fitness program. Women need to eat foods that will fuel the body and give it the energy that it requires to exercise.

Enhance body’s flexibility

A woman’s workout routine doesn’t have to focus on a specific form of exercise. Women can also benefit from a program that allows them more flexibility and ease. Yoga is one form of exercise and should be included in the workout tips for women as it allows women to have more flexibility.

 Avoid excess workout

Women should make sure that they are doing the right amount of exercise per session. If women over-train their muscles, they might suffer from negative effects. One workout advice that every woman should remember is that they should not over-train themselves. Women who are struggling with losing weight may find that their weight loss workout is ineffective and might even lead to anorexia. Women should make sure that they are working out for the right reasons by focusing on building muscle groups as well as burning fat.

Routine simple workout

Women need to know that they are in control of their own bodies and can work out whenever they want to. They need to remember that they can find gym workouts for women, or exercise for ladies that are specifically designed for women’s body goals. Any training for women or workout plan for women does not have to be complicated. While it may be more difficult for some women, it can be made easier with a little patience and determination.

Women’s workout routines can include exercises that target different parts of the body. Women should choose one part of the body and then do a few repetitions and increase the number of repetitions depending on what they feel comfortable with. Women can also use different exercises depending on what their lifestyle is.


In conclusion, these essential workout tips for women will empower them to achieve their fitness goals and lead a healthier lifestyle. Incorporating these guidelines into their routine will maximize the effectiveness of the workouts and enhance their overall well-being.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic lifestyle diseases will account for 70 percent of global deaths by 2030. Women worldwide face unique health concerns due to unhealthy ways of living. Most women are hardwired to look after families first without paying attention to their own health and in fact, neglecting it on most occasions. And this is further compounded if they are working women trying to balance home and work. Balancing home and work is a difficult process and requires considerable skill. This may lead to irregular food habits, skipping meals, lack of sleep, stress, lack of physical activity, addictions, and poor relationships—all of which contribute to the development of lifestyle diseases.

Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviors – smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and result in the development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some types of cancer.

Major lifestyle diseases in women

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Ways to keep lifestyle diseases at bay

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Regularly exercising
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Not smoking reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases by 80 percent.

Factors that spike the risk of lifestyle diseases


Diabetes doubles the risk of a second heart attack and heart failure in women who have already had a heart attack. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than it does in men with risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol.

Metabolic syndrome

Women who have metabolic syndrome, which includes a large waist, high blood pressure, glucose intolerance, low HDL cholesterol, and high triglycerides, are more likely to develop heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.


Compared to men, women who smoke are more likely to experience a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases are all influenced by persistent, low-grade inflammation.


Stress, lack of sleep, and lack of physical activity contribute to weight gain. Stress also contributes to an increase in the levels of the hormone cortisol, which leads to inflammation in the body. Cortisol increases hunger and cravings, leading to weight gain. This may lead to pre-diabetes, high blood pressure, hormonal problems, and finally PCOS.

Unhealthy eating habits

Unhealthy meal patterns and irregular meal timings lead to hidden hunger, which means loss of micronutrients leading to deficiencies and other disorders.


Heart disease is the leading cause of preventable death among women. Women are at a high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes as early as 35 years of age.


Women have greater overall cholesterol levels than males do after menopause. Triglyceride levels are a significant factor. Before menopause, a woman’s own estrogen helps protect her from lifestyle diseases, especially heart disease, by increasing HDL (good) cholesterol and decreasing LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Ways to avoid lifestyle diseases?

Adopting healthy behaviors, improving physical activity, stopping tobacco, a high-fiber, low-fat diet to control body weight, good sleeping habits, avoiding excessive alcohol, coping with stress, and seeking support as needed, reduce the risk of death due to lifestyle diseases.

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping: Benefits and Risks

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping

Author –  Dr Ekawali Gupta

MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, 

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mohali.

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping: Benefits and Risks


Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping (DUCC) is a medical practice that has garnered substantial attention in both the medical community and among expectant parents.Dr Ekawali Gupta , MBBS, MS Degree in OBG, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist says that , The procedure involves a deliberate delay in clamping the umbilical cord after the baby is born, allowing for a more extended period of blood transfer from the placenta to the newborn. This article aims to provide an exhaustive examination of the benefits, risks, and considerations surrounding DUCC.

What is Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping?

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping is not merely a delay in action but a calculated medical decision. The practice involves waiting for a predetermined period—usually between 30 seconds to 5 minutes—after the baby’s birth before clamping the umbilical cord. This delay facilitates the transfer of nutrient-rich blood from the placenta, providing the newborn with a range of physiological advantages. As per the best gynecologist in mohali, This is in contrast to immediate cord clamping, which is often performed within 10 to 15 seconds after birth, limiting the transfer of these essential nutrients.

Benefits of Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping
The benefits of DUCC are numerous and supported by a growing body of scientific evidence:

Increased Iron Reserves: Iron is crucial for a child’s development, affecting everything from cognitive abilities to immune function. DUCC allows for a significant increase in the baby’s iron reserves, which can have a long-lasting positive impact on both cognitive and physical development.

Reduced Risk of Anemia: Anemia in newborns can lead to a host of health complications, including reduced oxygen-carrying capacity, which can affect developmental milestones. DUCC has been shown to substantially reduce the risk of neonatal anemia.

Improved Cardiovascular Stability: The additional blood volume transferred during DUCC can significantly stabilize the baby’s cardiovascular system. This is particularly beneficial in the immediate postnatal period, providing a smoother transition to life outside the womb.

Risks Associated with Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping
While the benefits are compelling, it’s crucial to also consider the potential risks:

  • Risk of Jaundice: One of the most commonly cited risks is an increased likelihood of neonatal jaundice. This condition, characterized by a yellowing of the skin and eyes, may require phototherapy or other treatments.
  • Potential for Infection: Although the risk is generally considered low, delaying the clamping of the umbilical cord could potentially increase the risk of infection. This is particularly a concern in settings where sterile conditions may not be optimal.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we take a balanced and individualized approach to DUCC. Our team of obstetricians, pediatricians, and neonatologists collaboratively evaluate each case to determine the most appropriate course of action. Our commitment to evidence-based practice ensures that we weigh both the benefits and risks to provide the best possible care for both the mother and the newborn.

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping is a nuanced practice that offers several benefits but also comes with its own set of risks. Therefore, best gynecologist in sector 32 says that, it’s crucial for expectant parents to consult with healthcare providers to make an informed decision that considers both the scientific evidence and individual circumstances.

Dr Ekawali Gupta will respond to your query as soon as possible. For emergencies please call and reach Motherhood Hospital, Mohali.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced supers specialists backed by the latest infrastructure and facilities. We have the best gynaecologist in Mohali. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries. 

Do take an appointment with the best woman care hospital in Mohali at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life. 

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Ekawali Gupta, please book your appointment here.