Ovulation Calculator- Know Your Most Fertile Days

Author – Dr. Preethika Shetty MBBS, DNB, M.S(OBGY), Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine (ICOG)

Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital, Kharadi, Pune

If you are trying to get pregnant, do you know when you ovulate? Ovulation is the process in which a mature egg is released from the ovaries, which is referred to as the most fertile period for conceiving. It happens every month usually halfway of the menstrual cycle i.e. around the 14th day of the average 28-day cycle. So, to increase the chances of getting pregnant, it is better to know the days that are most fertile for it.

Quick fact

Most ovulation calculator tools can predict your ovulation by asking about the date of the first day of your last period and the average length of your menstrual cycles.

Ovulation calculator

For each menstrual cycle, there are about 6 days during which pregnancy can occur which are referred to as the fertile window or the time of ovulation, and it can be different for every woman. The estimation of this fertile window is given by the ovulation calculator which is based on a woman’s last menstrual date.

Signs and symptoms of ovulation

  • The common signs and symptoms that are to be noticed for ovulation are:
  • There can be change in the sustained basal body temperatures where it can fall slightly and then rise again.
  • The mucus in the cervix can become thinner and clearer.
  • Cervix can open up due to softening
  • One may feel breast tenderness as well
  • Some may feel light pain in the lower abdomen along with some mild cramps
  • There may be swelling in the vulva or vagina

Ovulation calendar and preparation

There are some steps that may help in the preparation and pinpointing the time of ovulation, like:

  • Keeping a menstrual cycle calendar can give you an idea of when it is most likely the ovulation can take place where you can use tools like pregnancy and ovulation calculator to estimate the same
  • Body symptoms can be usually felt like twinge of pain or cramps that point towards ovulation.
  • Keeping track of your basal body temperature which can be lowest during ovulation and rise as soon as ovulation occurs.
  • You can buy an ovulation predictor kit to identify the date of ovulation by looking at the levels of LH (luteinizing hormone), the hormone that rises before ovulation. They are usually available at the chemists.

Pregnancy ovulation calculator

From the figures of your pregnancy ovulation calculator, you can get an estimated date when you are likely to be fertile. Perfect ovulation calculator is not possible for all menstrual cycles, for some can be regular and irregular. It can be helpful in the case of a regular menstrual cycle, as there is no 100 percent accurate ovulation calculator. When it comes to ovulation calculators for irregular periods, ovulation urine tests or ovulation tracking may be helpful. It is better to consult your health care professional and seek further guidance in this case. Ovulation tracking is a process to identify the days during which you are the most fertile by tracking the hormone cycle, which are at a surge during ovulation. Using simple blood and ultrasound tests, you can detect the hormonal surge and know about your ovulation. Besides, it is a more advanced and accurate ovulation calculator than home ovulation prediction kits.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Gynaecologist in Kharadi, Pune. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do take an appointment with the best Gynaecology hospital in Kharadi, Pune at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Preethika Shetty, please book your appointment here.

Treating UTI During Pregnancy

Author – Dr. Asha Hiremath MBBS, MD

Consultant – Obstetrician, Gynaecologist & Laparoscopic Surgeon at Motherhood Hospital, Indiranagar, Bangalore

When any part of the urinary system is infected, it is referred to as urinary tract infection (UTI) or bladder infection. Urinary tract comprises kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, where usually bacteria from outside can infect the urinary system concurring to problems, like an infection or inflammation. Though it is apparent in all the age groups, it is commonly seen during pregnancy. The prevalence of UTI increases in young women where during pregnancy the incidence of physical and hormonal changes lead to chances of developing a UTI.

The entry of bacteria into the urinary tract leads to its multiplication where painful urination and other symptoms become prevalent. During pregnancy, the levels of progesterone and estrogen increase which leads to the weakening of the bladder and the ureters, along with the changing anatomy of kidneys and compression of uterus and bladder. This makes it prone to UTI whereupon the excess sugar in the urine encourages bacterial growth. Therefore, it is important to consult a gynaecologist and obstetrician during pregnancy and receive urinalysis and urine culture at 12 to 16 weeks.

It is always recommended to visit the best gynaecologist nearby during the early weeks of pregnancy to look out for any prevailing conditions. Besides, there can be some symptoms that correspond to UTI whereby it becomes necessary to see your healthcare provider. Common symptoms of UTI can be:

  • Strong and frequent urge to visit the bathroom
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Passing small amounts of urine
  • Cloudy, red or pink colored urine
  • Foul smell in the urine
  • Pelvic pain

While these symptoms are noticeable, pregnant women can also have asymptomatic UTI’s where there are no signs or symptoms. As it progresses, it can lead to other developing symptoms or problems like symptomatic UTI or even kidney infection which requires immediate treatment.

With respect to treatment, UTI’s can be prevented in the first place by:

  • Trying to empty your bladder frequently
  • Wearing cotton underwear
  • Trying to avoid perfumes or sprays
  • Staying hydrated by drinking ample amount of water
  • Avoiding the use of harsh soaps or body wash in the genital area

When it comes to treatment, most UTI’s are treated using antibiotics. While during pregnancy the treatment would be the same where the antibiotics are safe for mother and baby usually following the 3-day low-dose and long term course. Antibiotics commonly used include amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalosporin’s, etc. Besides, a doctor may also prescribe some pain relieving medications to get relief from the discomfort of UTI. When a UTI is recurring, a doctor may carry out some tests, like urine culture test (diagnosing the bacterial cultures in urine), visual bladder and urethra exam or CT scan of the urinary tract.

There are some home remedies that may be suggested for UTI, such as:

  • Consuming acetaminophen to get relieve from pain and reduce the fever
  • In case of stomach discomfort, placing a hot bottle on the lower stomach may relieve from it
  • In order to flush out the bacteria from the urinary tract, plenty of water should be drunk
  • Having a plenty amount of rest so that the body can fight the infection

If urinary tract infection remains untreated, it can involve kidneys and become more dangerous. In rare cases, chronic UTI’s may lead to sepsis (blood poisoning) if left untreated.

Therefore, a person should tend to the early signs of infection and take the prescribed antibiotics as soon as possible. Moreover, it is important to closely work with your healthcare provider and ask for further treatment if UTI keeps recurring.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Gynaecologist in Indiranagar, Bangalore. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do take an appointment with the best Gynaecology hospital in Indiranagar, Bangalore at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Asha Hiremath please book your appointment here.

Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Disorder

Author – Dr. Astha Jain Mathur MBBS, DGO

Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital, Indore

Did you know that any imbalance in the thyroid hormone can have an impact on the energy, weight, metabolism, heart rate, cholesterol levels, bones, moods and women’s menstrual cycles? Thyroid hormone is an important constituent in the working of the body, and there are many signs that can point towards its imbalance which need proper treatment.

Quick fact

The imbalance in the hormone refers to the levels becoming too high or too low that concurs to many problems. When the thyroid hormone is produced in lesser amounts, it is called hypothyroidism which can result in weight gain and lack of energy. In contrast, when hormones are produced in large amounts it is called hyperthyroidism, which can relate to the loss of weight.

Hence, it becomes important to keep an eye over the changes that may take place after this hormonal imbalance. After the signs or symptoms appear, it is better to opt for thyroid testing to diagnose the problem, and start its treatment at the right time by consulting the best endocrinologists nearby. If you are heading towards thyroid checkup and counseling, Motherhood Hospitals  leads the forefront with the best and famous endocrinology doctors dispensing advanced and effective services to the patients.

Early signs of thyroid disorder

While many of the biological functions of the body are dependent on the thyroid hormone, there are many early signs and symptoms that may appear due to its imbalance and indicate there is an issue with your thyroid,  such as:

  • Fatigue or excessive tiredness: Fatigue caused by thyroid disorders can’t be cured by taking ample amounts of sleep or rest. If there is any problem with the thyroid gland, a person may feel tired and fatigued for most of the time. Though in older women, they mistake fatigue with the symptoms of menopause. But after some time the fatigue persists for a longer time which can be a sign of undiagnosed thyroid disorder.
  • High heart rate: Hyperthyroidism can concur to an excessive heart rate. When the thyroid gland is produced in large quantities, blood pressure can increase which can lead to an increasing heart rate. If your heart rate is frequently over 80 beats per minute, you should consult a physician.
  • Anxiety: Many people may suffer from feelings of anxiety when they have hyperthyroidism. There can be some emotional outbursts where they may feel trouble controlling it, along with angry feelings.
  • Weight gain: Since thyroid hormone regulates your metabolism, it can greatly impact your body weight. This is usually due to the water and salt retaining in the body. Hypothyroidism can result in weight gain where in severe cases, it can lead to significant weight gain with 5-10 pounds extra. 
  • Weight loss: Due to thyroid problems, there can be weight loss as well which is the early signs of it. The amount of weight lost during this condition will be dependent upon the severity of the problem.
  • Body shakes: Since there can be high blood pressure during this condition, it can lead to trembling as a result of nervousness. If you have repetitive signs of shaky hands or body twitches, there is a need to go for thyroid testing.
  • Sensitivity to head and cold: When you have an overactive thyroid, you may feel sensitivity to heat as a common symptom. Moreover, people suffering from hypothyroidism can experience cold hands and feet as well. As the metabolism slows down, it decreases your energy levels where you become quite sensitive to temperatures.

There are various ways you may be affected with thyroid disorders depending upon the type of disorder you may be dealing with. You need to follow a diagnostic procedure and must make it a point to visit the best endocrinologist nearest to you.

Women’s Nutrition: What Is Considered “Healthy Food”?

Women’s body requires sufficient amount of nutrients to remain healthy and prevent any disease. A healthy food comprises of nutrients primarily required for the body to work efficiently. With respect to the food, a woman should always make a healthy choice which sustains the wellbeing of the body. The main components of healthy and balanced diet comprise of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.

Healthy food should include all the varieties of food groups like whole grains, vegetables, healthy fats, dairy products, leans proteins and fruits. A woman should follow a healthy diet plan as:

• Whole grains such as whole-grain bread, cereals, flakes, brown rice etc. These should be consumed at least three ounces a day.

• Low fat dairy products including milk, yogurt or cheese.

• Protein foods as meat, eggs, poultry, beans tofu etc.

• Daily fresh fruits, canned or dried without added sugars

• Fresh vegetables

While this is the daily requirement of your body, most of the people consume industry food which is devoid of such ingredients. Many packaged foods with salt, sugar and saturated foods claim to be a good source of nutrition, where the amount of added calories is not taken into consideration. There are some nutritional facts that must be comprehended before opting for processed foods such as:

• Sugar intake must be limited

• Women should not consume more than 1500 mg of salt.

• The less you exercise, the more proteins you should consume.

• Always add vitamins in your diet, even if they are not natural

It has been seen that over half of the population are not meeting the daily requirements of nutritious food where the sum is sometimes going beyond the total grains and protein recommendations. Therefore, it is important to look after the food you consume for healthy life.

Women’s Hormones: The Main Reason For Changes In Your Health?

Many changes associated with the woman’s body are related with the hormones as they play an integral part in the health of an individual. Along with ageing, there are different changes and symptoms women begin to experience, among which most of them are thought because of hormonal changes. While it is true that hormones are a changing factor of woman’s health, but not every experience is related to them. The different feelings a woman may be subjected to are largely due their life style choices, and stress. We will see the role of major hormones and their overall effects.

Two prominent hormones, estrogen and progesterone, have considerable effect on the woman’s health, like on menstruation, pregnancy or menopause. Estrogen is mainly responsible for the physical changes associated with puberty, and cholesterol control. The levels of estrogen changes during the month which is highest in the middle of menstrual cycle and lowest during the periods. Women having low levels of estrogen may suffer from less frequent menstruation, mood swings, hot flashes, difficultly in sleeping etc. In contrast, women with too much estrogen may experience weight gain, heavy or light bleeding, fatigue etc.

Progesterone on the other hands prepares the endometrium of woman for pregnancy. Women having low levels of progesterone will experience abnormal menstrual cycles or difficulty in conceiving. Testosterone also plays an important role in women where its high levels can lead to irregular menstrual cycle, more body hairs, acnes, struggle with infertility etc. Thyroid hormone can also relate with many changes where women over the age of 60 are likely to have hypothyroidism (production of less thyroid stimulating hormone) which can concur with fatigue, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, pain in the joints etc.

Therefore, hormonal changes are the reason for most of the symptoms that occur in women.

Does Menopause Have Any Effect On Mental Health?

Hormonal changes in women during menopause are attributed to some common mental health problems. The end of menstrual cycle and reproductive life in women is called menopause where there are changes in the hormonal levels of the body which can bring about many issues. These changes during the later stage of life are related with symptoms that can last for short period, or can last for quite a while.

Menopause can cause many physical symptoms like tiredness, night sweats, insomnia, hot flashes, stress, etc. Besides, mood changes like irritability, sadness, problem in concentration, and depression are also common. It has been seen that the symptoms associated with menopause can double the chances of depression during this time. Women who may have a history with depression or anxiety, may see a recurrence in symptoms.

The main hormone that fluctuates and cause as many symptoms during menopause is estrogen. Estrogen levels begin to drop during this period that can bring about hormonal fluctuations affecting the brain and nervous system altogether. Due to this, mood changes are common along with physical symptoms like fatigue, memory loss, tension, etc. that can cause emotional distress.

When it comes to depression, it has been seen women with a history of clinical depression are likely to witness recurring symptoms of depression during menopause. Research also suggest that menopause is linked with increasing the symptoms of bipolar disorder, where a woman with this disorder during menopause can experience more depressive episodes as well. The hormonal changes during menopause has shown that it can trigger mental health problems including psychotic conditions.

The treatment options for treating mental health problems during menopause can include lifestyle changes like getting enough sleep, exercising, quit smoking, seeking support groups, etc. Besides, some medications and therapies may also be recommended.

What Is The Difference Between Obstetrics And Gynaecology?

Difference between Obstetrics And Gynaecology

Author: Dr. Richa Singh MBBS, DGO, DNB

Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital Kharghar, Mumbai

Different between Obstetrics and Gynaecology

A branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs. It also specializes in other women’s health issues, such as menopause, hormone problems, contraception (birth control), and infertility.

OB-GYNs dispense their special care that focuses on the female reproductive health which has become a critical part in overall health being. When it comes to women’s health and reproductive care, it is considered under obstetrics and gynecology cases.

Quick Fact: The word gynaecology is derived from two Greek words, gyne which means woman or female and logia which means the study of.


When it comes to obstetrics, part of the OBGYN spectrum, it is the field of medicine consisting of the care that is dispensed towards a pregnant woman and her unborn baby. Besides, it also deals with labor and delivery processes where it is ensured that mother and child get the best care post-delivery and potential complications are warded off. A person specialized in this field is referred to as obstetrician or simply OBGYN who can take care of women during and after pregnancy, while handling some critical situations, as:

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Fetal distress
  • Placenta issues
  • High blood pressure
  • Cesarean section
  • Episiotomy
  • Vaginal deliveries
  • Cesarean deliveries
  • Uterine rupture
  • Prolapsed cord
  • Hemorrhage
  • Miscarriage
  • Pre eclampsia

A baby can be delivered vaginally or through a cesarean section where an obstetrician is properly trained to take care of the woman during the procedures, along with handling any change that may occur during the childbirth. After the childbirth, an obstetrician also guides the mother and child towards better health to prevent any further complications.

Consulting the best obstetrician can help a woman go through the entire experience of pregnancy and delivery safely as they can guide them to better results. Obstetricians also offer other services as:

  • Fertility treatment
  • Diagnostic procedures for fetus
  • NICU care
  • Dealing with issues like postpartum depression


Gynaecology part of the OBGYN spectrum deals with the care of reproductive organs i.e. overall reproductive health of a woman. A person exclusively practicing in this field is referred to as gynaecologist or simply OBGYN, who is often visited by women at the onset of puberty and also after menopause. A woman facing concerns or situations pertaining to the treatments or maintenance of health of vagina, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, along with breasts can visit the best gynaecology hospital or best gynecologist who can take care of all. Besides, women may also want to see their gynecologist for an annual checkup and pelvic exam. Along with routine checkups, a gynecologist can:

  • Perform tests like Pap along with examination of reproductive diseases
  • Provide treatment for infections, diseases or any other irregularity
  • Perform surgical procedures as hysterectomy, tubal ligation, myomectomy
  • Treat cancers of reproductive system
  • Also advise on issues relating to fertility and conception
  • Treat incontinence
  • Diagnose causes of amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea

These health professionals can be involved for longer durations throughout a woman’s life, ranging from puberty to menopause, and beyond as well.

Contraceptive counseling has great potential as a strategy to empower women who do not desire pregnancy to choose a method of birth control that she can use correctly and consistently over time, thereby reducing her individual risk of unintended pregnancy, your obstetrician and gynecologist can help you and guide you plan as well as prevent a pregnancy.

Obstetrics and gynaecology services for women’s health are provided all over India to correspond to the different needs of women’s health right from starting of menses to delivering your babies to treating any disorders related to female reproductive system.

So when it comes to women seeking a health professional during their teenage, pregnancy and rest of their life, it is better to visit the best gynecologist nearby.

At Motherhood Hospitals, we have a team of experienced super specialists backed by the latest in infrastructure and facilities. We have the best Gynaecologist specialists in Kharghar, Mumbai. We are experts in handling complex deliveries, gynaecological, and other surgeries including a range of laparoscopic surgeries.

Do take an appointment with the best Gynaecology hospital in Kharghar, Mumbai at a centre closest to you. Meet with our doctors who will carry out the required investigations, diagnose the issue and recommend the most appropriate treatment, enabling you to lead an active life.

If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Richa Singh, please book your appointment here