Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a cancer that starts in the cervix, the lower narrow part of the uterus (womb). Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer that women suffer from, worldwide. There are two main types of cervical cancer (squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma). Squamous cell cancer is the most common type of cervical cancer which occurs in the cells of the outer surface of the cervix. Adenocarcinoma is a type of cervical cancer that starts in the glandular cells which are found in the cervical canal.

Causes

Most cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) which are spread through genital skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing cancer following a high-risk HPV infection are:

  • Smoking
  • Being HIV or reduced immunity
  • Taking birth control pills for long period of time

Symptoms

In its early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. Therefore it is essential to schedule regular check-ups to check for HPV or abnormal cells in the cervix. However in later stages, cervical cancer leads to vaginal bleeding (including bleeding after sexual intercourse), spotting and unusual vaginal discharge. Signs of advanced cervical cancer include pelvic pain, urination problem and swollen legs.

Diagnosis

Various tests which are used to detect cervical cancer include:

  • General pelvic exam is carried out that involves examination of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and rectum
  • The Pap test is a quick and simple test that check for changes in the cervical cells
  • Colposcopy test involves examination of the vagina and cervix to check for the abnormalities
  • Biopsy is done where a small tissue sample is taken from the cervix during a colposcopy
  • Cone biopsy involves removal of large tissue from the cervix under anesthesia

Prevention

HPV vaccination- Vaccines are now available that can protect against HPV infection. These vaccines protect against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. They are given in three shots. The vaccine is recommended for 11 and 12 year old girls and recommended for those (13 to 26 yrs. age) who did not get any or all of the shots in their younger age. Awareness about cervical cancer and HPV vaccination among young girls and their parents plays a crucial role in decreasing the cases of cervical cancer.

Regular check-up and Pap smear taken under proper medical supervision to detect cervical cancers cells.

Use of preventive measures such as condoms during intercourse reduces the risk of getting HPV and cervical cancer.

Women who smoke are about twice as likely to develop cervical cancer as compared to non-smokers. Hence avoiding smoking can reduce the chances of cervical cancer.

Treatment for cervical cancer

The treatment for cervical cancer depends upon the kind of cervical cancer and how far it is spread. Treatment methods mainly include surgery procedures, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Surgery can be carried out by hysterectomy which is an operation that involves removal of uterus.

Radiation therapy is another cancer treatment method that uses high-energy radiation to kill the cancer cells and prevent them from growing.

Chemotherapy which includes the use of anti-cancer drugs that stops cancer cells from multiplying can also be used in treatment of cervical cancer.

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The hospital is good, thanks to Dr. Sunil Eashwar sir for helping us to make our dream come true with his excellent advice and on time treatment. Motherhood has helped me embrace a journey to

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Vanitha K

Dr. Sunil Eashwar is a very good doctor. I’m happy to be guided by doctor and such a professionalist. I feel he is the best doctor. Firstly, I met Dr. Eshwar and he told me

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Sunil Eashwar is very nice and friendly doctor. Me and my husband wanted a child for 8 years. With the doctor’s guidance, I conceived in 6 months. I am very thankful to Miss Noor for

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We just want to thank Dr Madhav Reddy for her great support. She was very caring and supporting for normal delivery. We got our little one through normal delivery without any issues.

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Indrani Singh

I was very much blessed and pleased with my experience with Dr Regina, an obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospitals. The doctor responded to all of our queries. Our family is delighted. I would like

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Uma Kamal

The hospital has well-experienced doctors and expert gynaecologists and paediatricians. The staff professionalism is exhibited in their duty with compassionate care towards the patient. I would like to share an experience with Dr Aarthi Bharath.

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The doctors are very friendly. The hospital facilities are good and the staff is helpful and took good care of me. I have recovered and feel healthy now. The nurses took care of me. Thank

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My due date was 3rd April and my husband had made arrangements in Motherhood- HRBR, as we had a good experience during our earlier visit for my mother’s surgery. On 9th March 8pm, we were

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Nishi Ravi

I am Mrs Kavitha Sathyavelu living in Bangalore, Banaswadi. I had a great experience @ Motherhood Hospital. On my first delivery we had a good support from all the staff and doctors who had supported

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Mrs Kavitha

The doctors and staff are friendly, epecially Dr Madhavi Reddy are very helpful during our first consultation till the time of discharge and provided with good guidance and medication. She clearly explained all our doubts

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