Precancerous Conditions Of Cervix And Early Cervical Cancers

Precancerous conditions of the cervix and early cervical cancers are changes to cervical cells that develop into cancer. However, if left untreated for an extended period, these abnormal changes may cause cervical cancer.

Usually, it develops in an area called the transformation zone where columnar cells get transformed into squamous cells. This process makes the cells more sensitive to the effect of the HPV.

Symptoms of precancerous changes in the cervix

Precancerous conditions of the cervix usually do not cause signs or symptoms. One of the main features of cervical cancer is its slow progression from normal cervical tissue to precancerous changes in the cervix to invasive cancer. An abnormal result of the Pap test is often the first signof unusual cervical healththat. That’s why it’s important to have regular Pap tests.

A Pap test is a test used to screen for precancerous conditions of the cervix and early cervical cancer. The Pap test result can be normal or abnormal. A normal Pap test result means that no abnormal or cancerous cells were found. An abnormal Pap test result says that you have a precancerous condition.

Types of precancerous conditions

Pre-cervical conditions are described based on how abnormal cells appear under the microscope and how severe the changes in the cells are. They are categorised from an unusual cell type.

Abnormal Squamous Cells

Most doctors use the Bethesda reporting system to determine changes to the squamous cells in the cervix, which refers to as Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (SIL). Other reporting systems describe abnormal changes in the squamous cells relate to as Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) and cervical dysplasia.

SILs are divided into high grade and low grade, whereas CIN is classified into class 1, 2 or 3.

  • Low-grade SIL (LSIL) – LSIL is similar to CIN 1 and can only affect cells on the surface of the lining of the cervix or close to it. In this situation, the changes are very mild and look slightly different than the normal cells.
  • High-grade SIL (HSIL) – HSIL is similar to CIN 2 and CIN 3 and can affect cells very profoundly. The changes are moderate to severe and are considered as more abnormal cells.There are distinct changes in the shape and size of the cells. The higher the grade, the higher the risk of cervical cancer.

Abnormal Glandular Cells

The other type of precancerous condition is referred to as Adenocarcinoma InSitu (AIS) and Atypical Glandular Cells (AGC). These are the changes in the glandular cells in the cervix. Specialists use the Bethesda reporting system to describe both the glandular cell abnormalities.

  • Adenocarcinoma In Situ (AIS) – When there is a presence of pre-invasive cancer cells, it is referred to as AIS. This means the cancer cells have not spread into the deeper layers of the cervix.
  • Atypical Glandular Cells (AGC) – When the cells do not appear normal, it is referred to as AGC. Any changes in the cells are connected to a higher risk of developing cancer or may mean that there is underlying cancer.

Risk factors of precancerous conditions

One of the significant risk factors for precancerous changes in the cervix and early cervical cancer is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Furthermore, if you smoke and have a weak immune system, the chances of developing precancerous changes in the cervix become more.


If the Pap test shows the abnormal result, the specialists may order more tests to diagnose precancerous changes in the cervix and early cervical cancer including,

  • An another Pap test after six months to check if there are any mild changes
  • A colposcopy exam and biopsy of any abnormal-looking areas
  • An HPV test that can sometimes be done on a sample of cervical cells taken during the Pap test
  • An endocervical curettage that removes cells from the endocervical canal and is usually done simultaneously with colposcopy


Most women treated for precancerous cervical conditions have an excellent result. It is difficult to predict which one will become invasive cervical cancer, so specialists recommend to treat them as soon as they are being diagnosed.

Treatment options for precancerous conditions in the cervix and early cervical cancer include:

  • Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) or Cone Biopsy Procedure: In this procedure, a loop of thin wire is used to remove abnormal cells from the cervix. The loop of wire is heated up, and it acts as a scalpel to remove the cells.
  • Laser Surgery: In this procedure, a laser is used to make a bloodless incision in the cells to remove or destroy tumors or abnormal cells.
  • Cryosurgery: Cryosurgery or cryoablation uses extremely cold carbon dioxide or liquid nitrogen to freeze or kill abnormal cells.
  • Hysterectomy: It is a type of surgery used to treat precancerous conditions of the cervix when other treatments fail to address them.

At Motherhood, our doctors recommend you the best treatment option after evaluating many factors. They prefer to perform a series of tests and procedure and also a collaboration with the other specialists to ensure that you receive the best comprehensive care. Our highly-qualified team provides you with expert guidance before and after the treatment.


Patient Story

The hospital is good, thanks to Dr. Sunil Eashwar sir for helping us to make our dream come true with his excellent advice and on time treatment. Motherhood has helped me embrace a journey to

Read more

Vanitha K

Dr. Sunil Eashwar is a very good doctor. I’m happy to be guided by doctor and such a professionalist. I feel he is the best doctor. Firstly, I met Dr. Eshwar and he told me

Read more

Mrs. Manasa

Sunil Eashwar is very nice and friendly doctor. Me and my husband wanted a child for 8 years. With the doctor’s guidance, I conceived in 6 months. I am very thankful to Miss Noor for

Read more

Mrs. Anitha Murali

We just want to thank Dr Madhav Reddy for her great support. She was very caring and supporting for normal delivery. We got our little one through normal delivery without any issues.

Read more

Indrani Singh

I was very much blessed and pleased with my experience with Dr Regina, an obstetrician and gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospitals. The doctor responded to all of our queries. Our family is delighted. I would like

Read more

Uma Kamal

The hospital has well-experienced doctors and expert gynaecologists and paediatricians. The staff professionalism is exhibited in their duty with compassionate care towards the patient. I would like to share an experience with Dr Aarthi Bharath.

Read more


The doctors are very friendly. The hospital facilities are good and the staff is helpful and took good care of me. I have recovered and feel healthy now. The nurses took care of me. Thank

Read more

Ananya Banerjee

My due date was 3rd April and my husband had made arrangements in Motherhood- HRBR, as we had a good experience during our earlier visit for my mother’s surgery. On 9th March 8pm, we were

Read more

Nishi Ravi

I am Mrs Kavitha Sathyavelu living in Bangalore, Banaswadi. I had a great experience @ Motherhood Hospital. On my first delivery we had a good support from all the staff and doctors who had supported

Read more

Mrs Kavitha

The doctors and staff are friendly, epecially Dr Madhavi Reddy are very helpful during our first consultation till the time of discharge and provided with good guidance and medication. She clearly explained all our doubts

Read more

Mrs. Subhagya
Hear from Our Patients

Visual Tour of Our Facility

at Motherhood India Hospitals


State-of-the-art operation theatres, manned by a team of experienced technicians, nurses, anaesthesiologist and leading surgeons.

Our Labour, Delivery and Recovery (LDR) rooms are designed to ensure the comforts of home but they’re also well-equipped with all the medical technology essential to ensure a safe delivery.


Executive / Suite Rooms: International standard suite rooms for expecting mothers and their families. These suite rooms are designed to offer best-in-class facilities for mother and child.



Stay updated on our latest packages, offer, news, new launch, and more. Enter your email id to subscribe to our newsletter.