Precancerous conditions of the cervix and early cervical cancers are changes to cervical cells that develop into cancer. However if left untreated for an extended period, these abnormal changes may cause cervical cancer.
Usually, it develops in an area called the transformation zone where columnar cells get transformed into squamous cells. This process makes the cells more sensitive to the effect of the HPV.
Precancerous conditions of the cervix usually do not cause signs or symptoms. One of the main features of cervical cancer is its slow progression from normal cervical tissue to precancerous changes in the cervix to invasive cancer. An abnormal result of the Pap test is often the first sign of unusual cervical health that. That’s why it’s important to have regular Pap tests.
A Pap test is used to screen for precancerous conditions of the cervix and early cervical cancer. The Pap test result can be normal or abnormal. A normal Pap test result means that no abnormal or cancerous cells were found. An abnormal Pap test result says that you have a precancerous condition.
Pre-cervical conditions are described on how abnormal cells appear under the microscope and how severe the changes in the cells are. They are categorised from an unusual cell type.
Most doctors use the Bethesda reporting system to determine changes to the squamous cells in the cervix, which refers to as Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (SIL). Other reporting systems describe abnormal changes in the squamous cells relate to as Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) and cervical dysplasia.
SILs are divided into high grade and low grade, whereas CIN is classified into class 1, 2 or 3.
The other type of precancerous condition is referred to as Adenocarcinoma InSitu (AIS) and Atypical Glandular Cells (AGC). These are the changes in the glandular cells in the cervix. Specialists use the Bethesda reporting system to describe both the glandular cell abnormalities.
One of the significant risk factors for precancerous changes in the cervix and early cervical cancer is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Furthermore, if you smoke and have a weak immune system, the chances of developing precancerous changes in the cervix become more.
If the Pap test shows the abnormal result, the specialists may order more tests to diagnose precancerous changes in the cervix and early cervical cancer including,
Most women who are treated for precancerous cervical conditions have an excellent result. It is difficult to predict which one will become invasive cervical cancer, so specialists recommend treating them as soon as they are being diagnosed.
Treatment options for precancerous conditions in the cervix and early cervical cancer include:
At Motherhood, our doctors recommend the best treatment option after evaluating many factors. They prefer to perform a series of tests and procedure and a collaboration with the other specialists to ensure that you receive the best comprehensive care. Our highly qualified team provides you with expert guidance before and after the treatment.
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