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Pregnancy & Thyroid Things to know By Dr. Madhavi Reddy
Hypothyroidism is often associated with either slow pregnancy or difficulty in conception. Untreated thyroid can cause serious repercussions and leads to either miscarriage, premature baby. It is important that thyroid diseases hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are both treated & monitored closely during pregnancy. Thyroid should be managed with proper medications and regular thyroid level investigations and proper dosage of the medications. Regular monitoring of thyroid stimulating hormones & T4 levels are imperative in order to conceive. Some of the high risk factors of developing thyroid include family history of thyroid issues, autoimmune disease and thus arresting thyroid symptoms in the early stages of pregnancy is critical, so a proper treatment can be provided and can lead to a more fruitful outcome.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
- Weight gain & fatigue
- Sensitivity towards cold temperature
- Muscle cramps
- Difficulty in concentration
It is always advisable to undergo thyroid testing before conception and keep your doctor informed incase you are on medications. As TSH lab values must be reviewed every 3 weeks during the pregnancy journey. Generally during the pregnancy thyroid hormone requirements rise to support baby and the mother. The prenatal vitamins can hinder how the body may use up thyroid hormone replacement therapy. This can be avoided by keeping a 4 5 hour gap between thyroid medicines & prenatal vitamins. The doctor must pay special attention to treat hypothyroidism during pregnancy and can lead to blood pressure, still birth, low birth weight of the baby, maternal anemia and premature delivery. Unusual symptoms can impact baby's growth and brain development.
Post pregnancy thyroid care: Once the mother gives birth postpartum thyroiditis is common and is especially critical among women with auto immune thyroid disease as this can cause severe complications. The postpartum thyroiditis develop usually in first 3 6 months after giving birth and some of the symptoms can be hard to identify as they are identical with initial struggles of becoming a new parent.
Early symptoms of postpartum thyroiditis are
- Disrupted sleep pattern, nervousness, cranky behaviour and pounding heartbeat, fatigue etc.
- The other symptoms that may follow are loss of energy, dry skin, constipation, aches & pains etc.
Infact hypothyroidism can also disrupt the mil production, however a hormone replacement therapy can help in curing this condition.
Things to eat & precautions for women having thyroid troubles during pregnancy
- Eating Cruciferous veggies can help in regulating the thyroid levels. Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale etc are great
- Food rich in iodine is avoidable
- Lean meat for boating protein requirements are a good source
- Light exercises like walking, pregnancy walking, meditation & breathing exercises are advisable
Maintaining right balance in nutrition and prenatal exercises and aid smooth pregnancy for women facing thyroid troubles. Healthy lifestyle is a key factor for overcoming difficulties in this condition.
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