Haemorrhoids (Piles)

The constant throbbing bump in your bottom can put a damper on your everyday life. It will cause a string of agony in doing little things like sitting, standing, and even pooping. But do you know what causes this discomfort? Well, it’s nothing but haemorrhoids, also known as piles.

A recent study conducted (on the 16th of Jan 2018) showed that over 50% of people (male and female) suffered from haemorrhoids (before they are of 50 years of age) in India alone. This makes haemorrhoids or piles a common problem.

What are Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids or piles are caused due to the excess pressure exerted during the bowel movement on the veins present in the rectal and pelvic area. The excess pressure can lead to swollen and stretched veins which can be painful and uncomfortable. Conditions like constipation and diarrhoea, pregnancy, obesity, etc. can also increase the pressure on this area and cause haemorrhoids.

Depending on where it is formed, haemorrhoids are of two types:

  • Internal haemorrhoid: Here the veins present inside the anus gets inflamed.
  • External haemorrhoid: Here the veins present outside or near the anal opening get swollen or inflamed.

What are the Symptoms of Haemorrhoids?

Usually, haemorrhoids don’t show any symptoms, but when symptoms do occur, they are:

  • Painful bowel movement
  • Itchy bottom
  • Swelling of the anus
  • A lump protruding out of the anus (can be pushed back)
  • Passing of blood along with the stool
  • Soreness and redness around the anus

What Causes Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids or piles are caused by the pressure exerted on the veins or blood vessels present in and around the anus. This pressure is caused due to:

  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Anal intercourse
  • Diet low in fibre
  • Straining during the bowel movements
  • Sitting for a long time on the toilet
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Chronic constipation

Can Haemorrhoids be cured?

Definitely! Haemorrhoids are treated depending on the situation and severity of the condition. Following are the treatment options for haemorrhoids:
1. Home Remedies
The best way to prevent haemorrhoids is by keeping the stool soft, which can be done by:

  • Consuming food rich in fibre
  • Keeping yourself hydrated
  • Exercising regularly
  • Not exerting pressure while defecating
  • Not sitting for a long time while defecating

2. Medication
Medication for haemorrhoids is advised by a medical professional to make the symptoms more manageable. A few of them are:

  • Over-the-counter (OTC) medications like painkillers, ointments, creams, and pads that help in reducing the redness and swelling around the anus.
  • Corticosteroids: To help reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Laxatives: To help reduce the pressure due to constipation.

If you are looking for a good doctor to consult with, you can try Motherhood. The doctor’s at Motherhood will recommend you treatment options after a careful examination and collaboration with the experts from other fields of expertise to ensure you receive the best multidisciplinary care.

3. Surgical Options
Surgery is very unlikely when it comes to haemorrhoids. Only 10% of the people suffering from haemorrhoids usually undergo surgery. A few of the surgical options are:

  • Banding
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Infrared coagulation
  • Haemorrhoidectomy
  • Haemorrhoid stapling

If surgery is on your mind, then you can step into one of our centres. The highly trained team of surgeons and nurses at Motherhood makes the best general surgeon in Bangalore. The latest advancements in medicine and technology at Motherhood also aid your treatment and recovery.

With our experienced staff, modern infrastructure and well-equipped laboratory services, we at Motherhood are confident to cater to all your needs and provide you with a safe and effective comprehensive solution to your every health problem. Give us a try!


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