Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) or simply gestational diabetes is a condition in which pregnant women develop high blood sugar. In gestational diabetes, women have normal blood sugar levels before pregnancy but the blood glucose levels rise during pregnancy (usually between 24th and 28th week). The blood sugar levels usually go down to normal after the birth of the baby.


The symptoms of gestational diabetes are often very mild and hence hard to notice.Some of the most common symptoms of GDM are:

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased appetite

Causes and risk factors:

Though the exact cause of gestational diabetes is not known, most experts believe it is linked to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the body produces a larger number of hormones like human placental lactogen (hPL) and other hormones which create insulin resistance. Though these hormones are very important for pregnancy, these make the body insulin resistant leading to an increase in the blood sugar levels.

Women with the following risk factors are more likely to develop GDM:

  • High blood pressure
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Women who are overweight during or just before pregnancy
  • Past history of gestational diabetes
  • Have conditions associated with insulin resistance like PCOS etc.


To diagnose the condition, doctors screen the patient and monitor the blood sugar levels, especially in between weeks 24 and 28. For diagnosis of GBD, the doctor may perform a one-step or a two-step test which will require you to consume a certain concentration of glucose solution or carbohydrate and your blood sugar levels will be measured an hour or two later. If the test is a two-step test, a follow-up blood test is done on a different day.


The treatment depends on the blood sugar levels found during the tests. If you are diagnosed with GDM, the doctor will ask you to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, especially before and after meals. The doctor may also ask you to follow a specific diet and follow an exercise regime. Diet and exercise have a great impact on controlling blood sugar levels.

In some cases, the doctor may also ask you to take medications and insulin injections until birth to keep the blood sugar levels in control.


Women who have gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes later in life. If gestational diabetes is poorly managed, it also poses some health risks for the baby like:

  • Increased birth weight
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Breathing problems
  • Higher risk of developing diabetes later in life

Though gestational diabetes cannot be prevented in all the cases, the risk of developing it can be significantly reduced. Maintaining normal body weight, eating a well-balanced and healthy diet and staying physically active can help in preventing gestational diabetes to a significant extent. Staying physically active and performing very light exercises like walking during pregnancy can also reduce the risk of developing GDM.

Motherhood Hospitals is one of the best pregnancy care hospitals offering comprehensive care for you and your baby. Our extremely qualified and experienced doctors coupled with state-of-the-art technologies aim to provide you with the best possible treatment and care to make your pregnancy as smooth and hassle-free as possible. Our doctors are highly qualified and years of experience in handling problems like gestational diabetes. From counselling to postnatal care, Motherhood is a one-stop solution to all your pregnancy needs.


Patient Story

In the hospital everyone is very nice and caring. They maintain a good atmosphere for the patients . I am very thankful to all the staff for making the environment so friendly. Especially I would

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Mrs. Nimita Prasad

After coming to this hospital I have found my happiness. I consulted many hospitals and I have not conceived in any of the hospitals, but now I am 3 months pregnant from IUI being done

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Shwetha B R

Visiting Motherhood was a best experience, it has the good environment. The doctor in this hospital is very good and staffs are also good. Dr. Sunil Eshwar is one of the expertized doctor and his

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I am Dr. Swapna and my husband name is Venkat its been 10years of married life we have no kids and we visited Dr. sunil sir for IVF Treatment and sir explained us treatment procedures

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Dr. Swapna Sri. K

Hi, I am Sowmya, I am feeling very happy after consulting Dr. Smrithi. I have conceived. I had lost all the hope of conceiving as I am a Thyroid patient. Dr. Smrithi’s advises made me

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Ms. Soumya

Its been a long journey since we get to know we are going to be parents and at the same time we had a sense of concern about choosing a Gynaec & a good Hospital.

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Mr. & Mrs. Raut

The ANC classes provided by Dr. Kritika (Physiotherapist) in Motherhood Hospital are really good.The classes helps you in staying active, fit & soothes the pregnancy related pains. The doctor is also very nice and interactive,

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Mrs. Kanika Lohani

I was both happy and worried when I got pregnant. The test came positive and added a hundred doubts. One thing I decided was to find a good hospital and stick to it throughout the pregnancy.

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Mr & Mrs. Amaraja Naik

Words won’t be enough to thank Dr. sunil & Motherhood, we approached Dr. sunil after losing all the hopes from other hospitals. People used to say miracle happens, and now I believe in it, at

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Mrs. Anjali Vineeth

I was under treatment by Dr. Sunil for my Pregnancy and we came to motherhood because of him only as I wanted my delivery to be with him and I am very happy thanks to

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Swati Agarwal
Hear from Our Patients

Visual Tour of Our Facility

at Motherhood India Hospitals


State-of-the-art operation theatres, manned by a team of experienced technicians, nurses, anaesthesiologist and leading surgeons.

Our Labour, Delivery and Recovery (LDR) rooms are designed to ensure the comforts of home but they’re also well-equipped with all the medical technology essential to ensure a safe delivery.


Executive / Suite Rooms: International standard suite rooms for expecting mothers and their families. These suite rooms are designed to offer best-in-class facilities for mother and child.



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